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Body mass index asian standard: Current formula for calculating body mass index is applicable to Asian populations

Delay in the first prenatal visit after the first trimester, especially at the third trimester, resulted in a higher risk of detection of anaemia, which was similar to a report in north Thailand, although the CDC diagnostic criteria of anaemia was applied

Matthew Cox
Tuesday, October 6, 2020
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  • However, these methods are not always readily available, and they are either expensive or need to be conducted by highly trained personnel. Lear, S.

  • Results Clinical characteristics Table 2 lists the baseline characteristics of the study participants. Obesity Surgery, 17,

  • Exposure to the Chinese famine in early life and the risk of metabolic syndrome in adulthood.

  • Association of reduced carbon monoxide diffusing capacity with moderate or severe left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in obese persons. Figure 4.

Metric BMI Calculator

With our free BMI Calculatoryou can calculate your BMI easily in metric or imperial reading and check if you are in the healthy range. Correspondence and reprint requests should be addressed to: Dr. High exposure of soil-contact. The proportions of obese patients were Corresponding author.

  • Read more about obesity trends in the U. What are other ways to assess excess body fatness besides BMI?

  • At enrollment, body-weight and height of all the recruited women were measured during the first prenatal visit and then recorded as their pregnancy-weight. Respir Med.

  • In their analysis, Hood et al. But also, there was a segment of Asian Indian population that was smaller in weight as well as height compared to South Korean population.

  • All anthropometric data height in meters and weight in kilograms were extracted from the clinical nutrition database of St. Nutritional status can be measured using various parameters, such as weight, height, body mass index BMItriceps skinfold, or mid-upper arm circumference.

  • With the increasing prevalence of obesity in Asia, BMI as a disease predictor has increased in importance. LBW referred to a foetal birthweight of less than 2, g, and preterm birth was defined as a foetus born before 37 completed weeks.

Figure 1. Underweight has been defined for BMI of less than the 5th percentile for age— Eur J Epidemiol. Running Updates. Comorbidities Comorbidities were observed in different percentages in different BMI categories.

Twenty percent of the participants had not drunk milk in the one month before interview. Recent studies in Britain have indicated that females between the ages 12 and 16 have a higher BMI than males of the same age by 1. Open in a separate window. Corresponding author. Br J Nutr.

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Llido; Email: llido gmail. Prevalence and risk factors for anaemia in pregnant women of eastern Sudan. Int J Obes Lond. Finally, missing data on infestation of STH was a significant factor for preterm birth, for which the reason could not be explained. Further studies in other pregnant Asian women are needed to confirm the generalizability of the association and consequently its clinical application.

  • Dhurandhar Authors Anoop Misra View author publications. Abdominal obesity and type 2 diabetes in Asian Indians: dietary strategies including edible oils, cooking practices and sugar intake.

  • The prevalence of anaemia in our study was high

  • Insulin resistance syndrome metabolic syndrome and obesity in Asian Indians: evidence and implications. Furthermore, BMI appears to be as strongly correlated with various metabolic and disease outcome as are these more direct measures of body fatness 4,5,6,7,8,9.

  • You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link.

  • Epidemiology and the effect of treatment of soil-transmitted helminthiasis in pregnant women in southern Thailand. Blood was drawn and analyzed for Hb and Hct.

Nutritional status of study participants at the first prenatal visit. First, pre-pregnancy weight was measured by self-reported interview which may be affected by recall bias. For comparison purposes the database of the Weight Management Center was also included. United Nations Children's Fund. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies.

  • Metab Syndr Relat Disord. In general, a person who has a high BMI is likely to have body fatness and would be considered to be overweight or obese, but this may not apply to athletes.

  • There were more normal patients in the WHO criteria

  • Generally, normal BMI is anything below

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For adults 20 years old and older, BMI is interpreted using standard weight status categories. Using standard BMI definitions for overweight and obesity among Asian Americans may fail to identify people at increased cardiovascular risk, according to the study. Download citation. A comparison of the Slaughter skinfold-thickness equations and BMI in predicting body fatness and cardiovascular disease risk factor levels in children.

Gulati, S. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. BMI is an inexpensive and easy screening method for weight category—underweight, healthy weight, overweight, and obesity. Is BMI interpreted the same way for children and teens as it is for adults?

Publication types

Gulati, S. Ethnicity, obesity, and risk of type 2 diabetes in women: a year follow-up study. Dhurandhar Authors Anoop Misra View author publications.

  • Lancet, pp.

  • That categorization is the subject of some debate about where on the BMI scale the dividing lines between categories should be placed.

  • Asian population should probably have interventions at lower BMI to prevent diabetes and related complications They make up 5.

  • Subjects Endocrinology Obesity. Related Topics.

Comparison of bioelectrical insex and BMI in predicting obesity-related medical conditions. Diabetes Care. In general, it appears that instead of overall increase in body fat, excess regional fat deposition abdominal, intra-abdominal visceral, subcutaneous and specifically deep subcutaneous builds up inflammatory and insulin resistant milieu in Asian Indians, which may contribute to the development of dysglycemia Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate.

Furthermore, when the WHO classification was applied, the proportion of obese patients was too low 2. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and assian implications for policy and intervention strategies. A prospective study of micronutrient status in adolescent pregnancy. The effects of pre-pregnancy BMI, BMI at the first prenatal visit, or gestational weight gain associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes have been previously reported 11 - Tue Aug These results reveal that a low BMI is associated with worse health-related quality of life in patients with COPD, and this result is consistent with those of previous studies. The study was a part of the cohort project on epidemiology of infestation of soil-transmitted helminths investigating the effects of treatment, the prevalence of anaemia, and nutritional status in pregnancy.

How to Calculate BMI

Division of Nutrition, Physical Asian standard, and Obesity. Such assessments include skinfold thickness measurements, evaluations of diet, physical activity, and family history But theres strong evidence that at any given BMI, these health risks are markedly higher in some ethnic groups than others. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics Because calculation requires only height and weight, BMI is an inexpensive and easy tool.

Both international and Asian criteria-based BMI at pre-pregnancy and pregnancy at the first prenatal visit were associated with the risk of maternal anaemia at the first prenatal visit after adjusting for maternal age, religion, occupation, parity, and place of shower. Nutritional status of study participants at the first prenatal visit. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The implication of BMI at the first prenatal visit or gestational weight gain is dependent on the gestational age of pregnancy at the first prenatal visit and gestational age at birth.

The metabolic syndrome in South Asians: epidemiology, determinants, and prevention. High adiposity and high body mass index-for-age in US children and adolescents overall and by race-ethnic group. Ann Acad Med Singapore. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem or condition, please contact a qualified health care professional immediately.

The results from the WHO criteria in the underweight 6. Obesity Prevention Source Menu. BMI for age percentiles for girls 2 to 20 years of age. Blood was drawn and analyzed for Hb and Hct.

INTRODUCTION

C-reactive protein is elevated in obese patients with the metabolic syndrome. Metric Imperial. Asian standard even when your BMI is within healthy range, having too much fat around the abdomen apple-shaped body will still put you at risk for heart disease and diabetes. The impact of computerization of the nutrition support process on the nutrition support program in a tertiary care hospital in the Philippines: Report for the years —

If you are in the United States and experiencing a medical emergency, call or call for emergency medical help immediately. About this article. Body fat, metabolic syndrome and hyperglycemia in South Asians. Section Navigation. Rationale for redefining obesity in Asians. In ,

Association of reduced carbon monoxide diffusing capacity with moderate or severe left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in obese persons. Experiences and challenges in developing countries. Maternal hemoglobin concentration during pregnancy and risk of stillbirth. Search for:. COPD is a slowly progressive disorder characterized by partially reversible chronic airway obstruction. What is the normal BMI?

Introduction

Distribution of the body mass index of the study patients. Eur Respir J. Misra A, Vikram NK.

To obtain the stanxard experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. Diabetes Care. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. Copyright is owned or held by the American Heart Association, Inc. Using standard BMI definitions for overweight and obesity among Asian Americans may fail to identify people at increased cardiovascular risk, according to the study.

Height Weight. Table 4. Learn More. A prospective study of micronutrient status in adolescent pregnancy.

PhilSPEN Online Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

The maws as shown in Figure 2 is identical to Figure 1. The consistency of results from the database of the two time periods years to and years to further underscores the appropriateness of the WHO criteria for nutrition screening of admitted patients in this institution. Thu Nov Prevalence and risk factors for anaemia in pregnant women of eastern Sudan.

On This Page. CDC body mass index asian standard not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal or private website. Current kass for calculating body mass index is applicable to Asian populations. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. Specifically, Asians are more likely to develop fat around their abdomen, which is linked to a higher risk for cardiovascular disease. Received : 27 November

Section Navigation. Lancet Diabet. Int J Obes Lond. In a sample of Hong Kong Chinese men and women, the risk of having diabetes mellitus or hypertension was at lower BMI or waist circumference levels in Chinese than in Caucasians

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Dec ; 16 1 Download references. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in Asian Indians: relationship with insulin resistance, diabetes and cardiovascular risk. Dudeja, V.

BMI category. However, when WHO cutoffs were applied, the percentage of the obese group decreased after an initial increase. However, we applied the photos of local Thai foods based on guidance of the Ministry of Public Health and photos of portion-size to correctly estimate food intake in routine prenatal practice. Please review our privacy policy.

A BMI that is less than the 5th percentile is considered underweight and above the 95th percentile is considered obese. The impact of imdex of the nutrition support process on the nutrition support program in a tertiary care hospital in the Philippines: Report for the years — Table 5. Obes Rev ; 3: The sociodemographic and nutritional status of the participants is shown in Table 1 and Table 2. Am J Clin Nutr. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms.

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Hills, A. Download PDF. For example, a year-old boy of average height 56 inches who weighs pounds would have a BMI of But also, there was a segment of Asian Indian population that was smaller in weight as well as height compared to South Korean population.

Support Center Support Center. Body-mass index and mortality in Korean men and women. There is a lack of evidence showing the association between Asian criteria-based BMI and maternal anaemia, LBW, and preterm delivery among the Asian population. Your BMI is. Respir Med.

  • Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. She said researchers need to better assess individual ethnic groups within the Asian American umbrella, the largest of which in the United States are Chinese, Filipino, Asian Indian, Vietnamese, Korean and Japanese.

  • Health risk. Comorbidities At the time of enrollment to the cohort, patient comorbidities were checked.

  • American Heart Association News covers heart disease, stroke and related health issues.

  • Figure 3. Pulmonary physiologic changes of morbid obesity.

  • Nitric oxide diffusing capacity versus spirometry in the early diagnosis of emphysema in smokers. The English in this document has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English.

What are the health consequences of obesity for adults? However, these methods are not always readily available, and they are either expensive or need to be conducted by highly trained personnel. Given these data, and in light of paper by Hood et al. Cancel Continue. Relation of body mass index and skinfold thicknesses to cardiovascular disease risk factors in children: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Hood, K. But this awareness could be an important step for containment of diabetes epidemic in Asian countries.

Allometric scaling of weight to height and resulting body mass index thresholds in two Asian populations. It is obvious that weight and height are linked. However, athletes may have a high BMI because of increased muscularity rather than increased body fatness. Consensus statement for diagnosis of obesity, abdominal obesity and the metabolic syndrome for Asian Indians and recommendations for physical activity, medical and surgical management. These latest findings "highlight the need for the application of population-specific and culturally appropriate metrics when assessing cardiovascular health," she said. Asians, particularly South Asians have lower muscle mass and sarcopenia compared to Caucasians Yet, little is known about their cardiovascular health, according to authors of a new study who say their research is the first to assess heart health status of Asian Americans in a nationally representative sample.

Children (aged 2 to 20)

Ann Am Thorac Soc. It was later adopted by several Asian countries including the Philippines. Obes Surg ; Appropriate Asian body mass indices? Company About Advertise Contact.

Read more about obesity trends in the U. However, athletes may have a high BMI because of increased muscularity rather than increased body fatness. If you have index asian or comments about this story, please email editor heart. Reprints and Permissions. Changes in guidelines would mean an increase in the number of individuals considered to have overweight or obesity. Body mass index and obesity-related metabolic disorders in Taiwanese and US whites and blacks: implications for definitions of overweight and obesity for Asians.

General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe. Back to Discussion 3. Although overweight and obese women had a lower risk of anaemia and LBW in our study, a higher prevalence of postpartum anaemia was detected in the obese women due to the increase of blood loss at delivery Table 2. Metric Imperial. Support Center Support Center. Relationship between preterm delivery and maternal height in teenage pregnancies.

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The percentage of patients with congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and peripheral vascular disease was also highest in the obese groups. Read more about obesity trends in the U. What is the normal BMI?

How do I calculate my BMI? Figure 5 shows the proportion of each BMI group. Basic and clinical biostatistics, 3rd ed. J Trop Pediatr. In Singapore, body mass index asian standard BMI cut-off infex were revised inafter studies have shown that Singaporeans including many Asian populations, have higher proportion of body fat and increased risk for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus as compared with general BMI recommendations in other countries. Several other studies have found that at the same BMI, Asians have higher risks of hypertension and cardiovascular disease than their white European counterparts, and a higher risk of dying early from cardiovascular disease or any cause.

Body mass index asian standard, however, this trend has leveled off, except for older msas. Because height is commonly measured in centimeters, divide height in centimeters by to obtain height in meters. Received : 27 November Even the tribal population, known for its smaller body size and stature compared to general population, showed similar scaling. Published : 28 January Copyright is owned or held by the American Heart Association, Inc. Ann Acad Med Singapore.

Get free access to the latest running event updates, promotions, product announcements and much more! Wsian more about obesity trends in the U. An ideal BMI for most pill for is in the The risk of maternal anaemia was higher in underweight women and lower in overweight and obese women based on pre-pregnancy BMI. There were more normal patients in the WHO criteria Sun Aug 8. Overweight and obese women at pre-pregnancy by the Asian criteria-based BMI had a lower prevalence of anaemia.

BMI for women

Pre-pregnancy weight and pregnancy weight at the first prenatal visit were used for calculating pre-pregnancy and pregnancy BMI. Both pre-pregnancy and pregnancy BMI, using the international or Asian criteria-based classifications, were associated with maternal anaemia at ,ass first prenatal visit and LBW and preterm birth in pregnant Thai women. The present study revealed that patients with COPD with a high BMI had better pulmonary function and health-related quality of life and fewer dyspnea symptoms. Skip to content Obesity Prevention Source. Low maternal BMI results in an increased incidence of newborns with low birthweight LBWan Apgar score of less than 5 at one minute and perinatal mortality in Sudan 5.

An ideal BMI for most adults is in the The BMI is a convenient rule of thumb used to broadly categorize a person as underweightnormal weightoverweightor obese based on tissue mass muscle, fat, and bone and height. Of anaemic pregnant women at the first prenatal visit, the prevalence of mild, moderate, and severe anaemia was Abstract An observational study was conducted in the four southernmost provinces of Thailand aiming at determining the effect of international or Asian criteria-based body mass index BMI in predicting maternal anaemia, low birthweight LBWand preterm births among pregnant Thai women and the change in haemoglobin Hb level during pregnancy. Food Nutr Bull. WHO Expert Consultation Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. The burden of anemia among women in India.

Misra A, Vikram NK. References 1. Estimates of excess deaths associated with body mass index and other anthropometric variables. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Int J Obes Lond. Read more about interpreting adult BMI. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies.

Low maternal BMI has a strong relationship with maternal anaemia 4 - 8. Elevated circulating plasma adiponectin in underweight patients with COPD. In addition to BMI, maternal age, parity, and late prenatal visit were independently associated with maternal anaemia, low birthweight, and preterm birth. Company About Advertise Contact.

The male to female ratio for Phase 1 is In addition, maternal age, parity, and late prenatal visit were independently associated risks of maternal anaemia. Experiences and challenges in developing countries. However, all the women were interviewed at their first prenatal visit; thus, recall bias was minimized. The standardization of complete blood count machine was performed by comparing the results of Hb levels with the well-known standard values of Hb levels.

  • Skip to content Obesity Prevention Source.

  • Stair Climbing vs Running: Benefits of 2 Exercises in Methodology: Height in meters and weight in kilograms from two time periods were gathered Phase 1: yrs to and Phase 2: yrs to with data from the Weight Center for comparison.

  • It is obvious that weight and height are linked. Skip to content Obesity Prevention Source.

  • Please review our privacy policy.

  • To see the formula based on either kilograms and meters or pounds and inches, visit How is BMI calculated?

CDC is not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal or private website. How good is BMI as an indicator of body fatness? They wsian up 5. BMI can be a screening tool, but it does not diagnose the body fatness or health of an individual. But this awareness could be an important step for containment of diabetes epidemic in Asian countries. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. Misra, A.

In their analysis, Hood et al. Body fat patterning, hepatic fat and pancreatic volume of non-obese asian indians with type 2 diabetes in north india: a case-control study. Show results from All journals This journal. Obesity Prevention Source Menu. In a sample of Hong Kong Chinese men and women, the risk of having diabetes mellitus or hypertension was at lower BMI or waist circumference levels in Chinese than in Caucasians While genetic differences may be at the root of these different body fat patterns in Asians and other ethnic groups, environmental factors seem to be a much stronger force.

Author information

Ntuk, U. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. What are the health consequences of obesity for adults? About this article.

  • These findings have touched off international debate about whether the cut points for overweight and obesity should be lower for Asians than for other ethnic groups. Obesity-related non-communicable diseases: South Asians vs White Caucasians.

  • Read more about obesity trends in the U.

  • To see the formula based on either kilograms and meters or pounds and inches, visit How is BMI calculated? How is BMI calculated?

  • Low body mass index, anaemia and poor perinatal outcome in a rural hospital in eastern Sudan.

Current formula for calculating body mass index is applicable to Asian populations. Diabetes fact sheet in Korea. Importantly, attributable risk for diabetes associated with low handgrip strength was substantially higher in South-Asian than other ethnic groups in UK Asian Americans are one of the fastest-growing populations in the United States.

Abbreviation: BMI, body mass index. Commonly accepted BMI ranges are underweight under Both generic and disease specific bovy quality of life are deteriorated in patients with underweight COPD. These findings have touched off international debate about whether the cut points for overweight and obesity should be lower for Asians than for other ethnic groups. The association between anaemia and infestation of STHs in pregnancy could not be identified. Second, the quality of life and dyspnea score improved as the BMI groups changed from underweight to overweight.

The results of the present study confirm that both Asian and international BMI classifications are appropriate for pregnant women of Thailand. Due to lack of body composition data, evaluation of the association of clinical parameters such as lung function and symptom score to FFMM was limited. Sharma V, Sharma A. The change of Hb or Hct at each trimester was analyzed using the linear mixed-effects modelling technique fit by maximum likelihood. High Risk: Your weight is further above healthy range.

  • They based their assessment on seven metrics: smoking, weight, physical activity, diet, blood cholesterol, blood sugar and blood pressure. Obesity among 2- to year-olds is defined as a BMI at or above the 95 th percentile of children of the same age and sex in this to reference population.

  • Eur Respir J.

  • The correlation between the BMI and body fatness is fairly strong 1,2,3,7but even if two people have the same BMI, their level of body fatness may differ BMI is interpreted differently for children and teens, even though it is calculated using the same formula as adult BMI.

  • N Engl J Med.

  • No significant change in the mean age was observed in either classification.

  • Bodj liver fat may occur in non-obese south Asians as well, and has been shown to be almost double the amount recorded in Caucasians when matched for weight; and is associated strongly with insulin resistance 9 Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.

CDC is not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal or private website. Reprints and Permissions. High adiposity and high body mass index-for-age in US aian and adolescents overall and by race-ethnic group. Article Google Scholar 9. For example, research suggests that under-nutrition during fetal life, such as during the Chinese famine of toraises the risk of diabetes in adulthood, especially when individuals live in nutritionally rich environments later in life. Comparison of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometric and anthropometric measures of adiposity in relation to adiposity-related biologic factors.

An observational study was conducted in the four southernmost provinces of Thailand aiming at determining the effect of international or Asian criteria-based body mass index BMI in predicting maternal anaemia, low birthweight LBWand preterm births among pregnant Thai asian standard and the change in haemoglobin Hb level during pregnancy. Final logistic regression model of LBW with international and Asian criteria-based BMI at pre-pregnancy and pregnancy at the first prenatal visit. Funding support for the study was provided by the Institute of Research and Development for Health of Southern Thailand. Enter your information into the fields below to calculate your BMI. It increases the risk for developing many chronic diseases such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes, and decreases overall quality of life.

Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. However, athletes may asan a high BMI because of increased muscularity rather than increased body fatness. Changes in guidelines would mean an increase in the number of individuals considered to have overweight or obesity. The study by Hood et al.

J Assoc Physicians India. Report of a WHO consultation. Second, the body composition data, comprising fat and skeletal muscle mass and inxex muscle strength, of patients were not measured. Holme J, Stockley RA. Figure 5 shows the proportion of each BMI group. Thus the output showed two peaks — one for the normal nutritional status group and another for the pre-obese group — patterns which were not present in the WHO criteria assigned values.

An increase in fat mass is likely to be associated with functional limitation. Clinical inddx of elevated diffusing capacity. Dawson B, Trapp RG. The recommendation for daily food intake for pregnant women published in a maternal and childcare handbook provided by the Ministry of Public Health, Thailand, was considered the guidance of six food-groups rice, vegetable, meat, fruit, fat, and milk and amount of foods required. In addition, the BMI cut-points for classifying body-weight categories have been found to vary in previous studies. Skip to content Obesity Prevention Source. Pulmonary physiologic changes of morbid obesity.

Copyright stadnard owned or held by the American Heart Association, Inc. Specifically, adipocytes in deep subcutaneous abdominal index asian standard tissue are smaller and express more pro-inflammatory genes than adipose tissue from other subcutaneous sites, and its higher metabolic activity contributes to systemic insulin resistance For adults, the interpretation of BMI does not depend on sex or age. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.

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