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Central adiposity inversely related to bmc –

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Matthew Cox
Saturday, October 3, 2020
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  • Exclusion criteria were pregnant women, lactating women, chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, cancer and chronic kidney diseaseendocrine disease such as Cushing syndrome, heavy or irregular mensesa restrictive diet for weight loss, medical treatment with growth hormones or taking vitamin and mineral supplements.

  • World Health Organization. Adiposity now accounts for more deaths in England and Scotland than smoking among people in middle- and old-age.

  • BMC Nutr.

  • Google Scholar.

Background

This is an open access article distributed relaged the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Therefore, this study aims to examine the association between CO and iron status in men and women in Qatar. BMC Nutr.

  • In line with our study, Sabrina et al. The remaining unbound iron ferrous ions were determined by the FerroZine method.

  • Contact us Submission enquiries: bmcpublichealth biomedcentral.

  • Assessment of iron deficiency in the context of the obesity epidemic: importance of correcting serum ferritin concentrations for inflammation. Role of leptin in hypothalamic-pituitary function.

  • This association was not confounded by other lifestyle factors or nutritional patterns because it remained statistically significant after multiple adjustments for these potential confounding factors.

Cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and infersely Chinese children: a comparison of weight-for-height index and BMI as the screening criterion. Physical activity in the United States measured by accelerometer. Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. All authors were and are independent from funders. Brickman WJ. IS-related measures. Article Google Scholar

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The relationship between obesity, physical activity, and physical function in older adults. Horm Res. Food Sci Nutr. Adipose tissue is an active endocrine organ that increases the secretion of inflammatory mediators in obese patients. PubMed Google Scholar.

Google Scholar 5. Ethics declarations Ethics approval and consent to participate This study is conducted under the project approved in the UK Data Service Project id: and all data were anonymised. It reported that tobacco use was still the top contributor to DALYs in even though its contribution had fallen by 9. Bell HK, Bloomer RJ: Impact of serum estradiol on postprandial lipemia, oxidative stress, and inflammation across a single menstrual cycle.

Background

Gartner et al. Outpatient Screening Visit. This allowed for full analyses of time spent in PA of varying intensity. Bergman et al. Finally, this is one of the first studies to examine the relationship between adiposity and meeting the PA guideline in older adults.

Our findings expanded our knowledge on the genetic and environmental relatedd to adiposity-IS associations during adolescence, a critical inversely related period for the development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Although our data underscore the importance of genetic influences, further studies are needed to determine specific genes or gene-environmental interactions that are important for adiposity, IR, and their phenotypic correlation. The risk of developing each component of MetS according to the total, whole-fat and low-fat yogurt consumption is shown in Figure 1. Summary and future research needs In this sample of relatively lean, healthy, rural Chinese adolescents, we observed an inverse association between adiposity and IS. Share this article Share with email Share with twitter Share with linkedin Share with facebook. VAT is the most pathogenic fat deposit type and has been found to play a central role in obesity [ 8 ]. Full size image.

A relahed dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan was performed to determine total-body BMC in gramsbone area BA; in square centimetersfat mass and lean mass i. Adipocyte role in iron metabolism. Horm Metab Res. The effect of central obesity on inflammation, hepcidin, and iron metabolism in young women. The results of linear regression showed slight differences between the genders. In the context of the obesity burden in Qatar, it is important to assess the iron status and include the measurement of inflammatory biomarkers CRP or high-sensitivity CRP. The physical activity guidelines for Americans.

Associated Data

Learn More. Among the three mechanisms, the systemic low-grade inflammation characterising obesity has received particular attention [ 29386263 ]. Several studies have demonstrated the inaccuracy of serum ferritin concentrations as a measure iron stores under inflammatory conditions because it can underestimate the prevalence of ID [ 66 — 69 ]. Thus, more efforts are needed to support and implement programs, practices, and policies to increase PA.

  • The increase in the ferritin concentration may be attributed to the high inflammatory status, reflected by an increase in CRP concentration with CO. Once excess fat is accumulated in earlier life, possibly due to a low level of PA, it may lead to even lower PA participation.

  • Download PDF.

  • There were no significant differences in the percentages of anaemia and ID between groups for either gender. BMC was not normally distributed and was log transformed for the multiple linear regression analyses.

  • J Public Health Bangkok.

  • Participants were divided into groups based on their smoking status. Reprints and Permissions.

Abstract Background: Previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between central adiposity and cognitive function. Br J Cancer. Active smoking and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Xiaobin Wang Search articles by 'Xiaobin Wang'.

Increased insulin resistance and insulin secretion in nondiabetic African-Americans and Hispanics compared with non-Hispanic whites: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. Am J Clin Nutr. Data were available for participants They also reported an increase in ferritin with an increase in trunk fat mass in both genders [ 23 ].

  • The physical activity guidelines for Americans.

  • Mayne ST: Antioxidant nutrients and chronic disease: use of biomarkers of exposure and oxidative stress status in epidemiologic research.

  • Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr.

  • However, both dietary assessment methods were validated to assess dietary TAC with a strong correlation between them [ 18 ].

This procedure measures the increasing turbidity caused by the precipitate formed by adding a specific antibody to transferrin. Am J Prev Med. Double burden of overall or central adiposity and anemia or iron deficiency is prevalent but with little socioeconomic patterning among Moroccan and Tunisian urban women. In line with our study, Sabrina et al.

Linear trends were assessed by assigning the median value to each tertile of dietary TAC and modeling these values as a continuous variable. Adiposity now contributes central adiposity inversely related to bmc more deaths than smoking, which highlights the need to prioritise strategies to address it, including upstream policies and legislation [ 24 ], as well as downstream individual interventions. Read article at publisher's site DOI : In this sense, increased dietary TAC has been associated with higher diet quality scores [ 12 ] as well as with improved values concerning glucose metabolism [ 13 ] and inflammatory status [ 1415 ] in middle-aged people. Sies H: Total antioxidant capacity: appraisal of a concept. Reprints and Permissions.

Publication types

Prog Cardiovasc Dis. Iron status in obese women. Because sex hormones are confounders of the association between leptin and bone mass, these analyses were additionally adjusted for estradiol in girls and for testosterone in boys. Results Characteristics of participants are displayed in Table 1. Stroke Belt vs.

The SHeS was conducted inand then annually from to The first study was conducted by Mozaffarian et al. When we analyzed the association between total yogurt consumption and the risk of MetS, stratifying participants according inveresly the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern or according to fruit consumption there was a suggestion of a lower risk of developing MetS among participants with a higher adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern, and also among those with high fruit consumption. Quantification of lateral subcutaneous fat allowed approximation of anterior and posterior subcutaneous fat, yielding an estimation of total abdominal subcutaneous fat, ie, lateral plus anterior and posterior volumes. Visceral fat and liver fat are independent predictors of metabolic risk factors in men.

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Comparison of iron status indicators between people with normal and large WC. They also provided written informed consent for in-person physical examination. J Am Diet Assoc. Lack of independent relationship between plasma adiponectin, leptin levels and bone density in nondiabetic female adolescents. Download PDF. BMI and WC are both commonly measured as indicators of adiposity. Diabetes Care.

  • Age, race, sex, region of current residence southeastern U. Ferritin is a biomarker of iron status and is widely used as an indicator of ID.

  • Free Radic Res.

  • Lack of independent relationship between plasma adiponectin, leptin levels and bone density in nondiabetic female adolescents.

  • However, the associations between dietary TAC and the studied markers maintained the trend and the statistical relaetd regardless of the waist circumference, suggesting that the effects of dietary TAC on glucose and lipid profile in this study were independently from body fat distribution. Type 2 diabetes among North American children and adolescents: an epidemiologic review and a public health perspective.

  • Serum ferritin is associated with visceral fat area and subcutaneous fat area. This allowed for full analyses of time spent in PA of varying intensity.

This report includes the remaining nondiabetic subjects aged 13—20 y. The prevalence of MetS among adults in in Spain was Diabetes Care35 717 May Cross-over occurred earlier in men than women

A manual delineation of the subcutaneous between the skin and abdominal wall muscles and the abdominal within the abdominal wall muscles areas for SAAT and IAAT, respectively, was made with a light pen on the inverely screen central adiposity inversely related to bmc a trained radiation imaging technologist. Another limitation is due to the cross-sectional design of the study and therefore, no conclusions regarding the relationship between obesity and iron status could be drawn. Identifying accelerometer nonwear and wear time in older adults. This procedure measures the increasing turbidity caused by the precipitate formed by adding a specific antibody to transferrin. Bergman et al. Exclusion criteria were pregnant women, lactating women, chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, cancer and chronic kidney diseaseendocrine disease such as Cushing syndrome, heavy or irregular mensesa restrictive diet for weight loss, medical treatment with growth hormones or taking vitamin and mineral supplements.

However, Cheng et al. Stoffel et al. Previous researchers [ 18 ] have indicated that leptin may play a role in pubertal initiation. Research article Open Access Published: 28 July Is adiposity associated with objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviors in older adults?

In this context, when we analyzed separately each component of the MetS, central adiposity inversely related to bmc found a significant imversely association between total and whole-fat yogurt consumption and the incidence of central adiposity. Free Radic Res. Published : 07 November This difference may explain the apparent null association between yogurt consumption and glucose abnormalities in our cohort, and the discrepancies between our study and the meta-analysis. Abstract Background: Previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between central adiposity and cognitive function.

In this inverseyl, when we analyzed separately each component of the MetS, we found a significant inverse central adiposity inversely related to bmc between total and whole-fat yogurt consumption and the incidence of central adiposity. Contact us Submission enquiries: Access here and click Contact Us General enquiries: info biomedcentral. Cite this article Ho, F. The main characteristics of participants according to their frequency of yogurt consumption are presented in Table 1. Abstract Background For many years smoking has been the major threat to public health in developed countries. On average participants in the highest category of total yogurt consumption had the lowest BMI, were more physically active, less likely to be current smokers, spent less hours sitting, and had the highest total energy intake, carbohydrate and protein intake and the lowest fat intake. Am J Public Health.

J Sci Med Sport. Table 4 presents the results of the comparison between iron status indicators and VF tertiles. This is consistent with other studies that reported an increase in CRP in response to an increasing in obesity indices [ 20284165 ]. Eur Rev Aging Phys Act. A General Electric 1.

  • Obesity and ID are the main nutritional problems in the world. Adipocyte role in iron metabolism.

  • Body-mass index and all-cause mortality: individual-participant-data meta-analysis of prospective studies in four continents.

  • View author publications.

Pearson and partial correlations were performed to determine the unadjusted and adjusted relationships between BMC and BA and the independent variables. The reagent lyses red blood cells and white blood cells in the sample. Analyses relaed conducted using SAS version 9. Measurement of biomarkers Fasting blood samples were immediately collected from participants at the time of their visit. Because sex hormones are confounders of the association between leptin and bone mass, these analyses were additionally adjusted for estradiol in girls and for testosterone in boys. The high rate of ID among people suffering from obesity may be due to the chronic inflammatory state induced by excess weight.

Diabetes Care. Browse Subject Areas? Abstract Co-existence of central adiposity inversely related to bmc deficiency and obesity in adults has been reported in many countries. Trained interviewers obtained demographic information and medical history through a computer-assisted telephone interview. Education was divided into three levels namely low education up to secondary schoolmedium education technical or professional school and high education university and above. The authors of the present study had no special privileges in accessing these datasets which other interested researchers would not have.

These methods have ccentral drawbacks including cost, radiation exposure, and reproducibility. Voluntary completion of the first self-administrated questionnaire was considered to imply informed consent. This need is further underscored by the fact that most published studies on the association between adiposity measures and IS have involved adults and whites 11 ; only a few studies have been conducted in children 12 and adolescents

Other analyses found a significant portion of deaths [ 2 ] and higher percentage of yo care expenditures [ 1 ] were associated with inadequate PA. The relationship between obesity and hypoferraemia in adults: a systematic review. Iron status in obese women. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was used to identify the significant covariates of log BMC. A population-based study. Public health nutr. Most studies have explored the relationship between iron status and obesity, determined by BMI, while limited studies have been done on the relationship between ID and anaemia using other obesity indicators such as WC, body fat and fat distribution.

Data ccentral integrated automatically using imbedded software provided by the manufacturer. A prospective cohort study targeting Korean men showed an association between ferritin and WC [ 47 ]. Hepcidin and iron homeostasis. To our knowledge, the present study is the first to document the double burden of CO and ID in adults in Qatar. The same study also indicated the co-existence of anaemia and CO in women,

To our knowledge, this study is the first to central adiposity inversely related to bmc significant inverse associations between MVPA and measures of central adiposity among African American adults from a community-based cohort using an objective measure of physical activity and a validated quantitative imaging technique. Mediterranean diet and stroke: objectives and design of the SUN project. Article PubMed Google Scholar 5. Since yogurt consumption is our exposure of interest, we excluded consumption of dairy products from the score. Any systematic error is likely to take the form of an increasing healthy volunteer effect.

Introduction

Background Epidemiological studies [ 123 adiposify, 4 ] have shown that physical activity PA is associated with improved physical function, lower prevalence of several chronic diseases, and reduced all-cause premature mortality. Table 2 displays the average levels of BMI, WC, and accelerometer-measured variables in different race and sex groups. Introduction Obesity and iron deficiency ID continue to be a worldwide public health problem [ 1 ].

For several decades, smoking has been a major related bmc of public health interventions, because it made the largest contribution to avoidable deaths [ 123 ]. Finally, although the twin analyses presented provide evidence of the contribution of genetics and environment to the adiposity-IS association, it did not identify specific genes or address associated mechanisms. Impact of the Gut microbiota on the development of obesity: current concepts. The data from the HSE and SHeS have shown that the median number of cigarettes per day among current smokers has declined from In addition, the independent and inverse relationships of ox-LDL concentrations with dietary and plasma TAC respectively suggest a putative role of antioxidant rich-diet in the link between redox state and atherogenesis at early stage. Visceral adiposity in men: associations with glucose tolerance, plasma insulin, and lipoprotein levels.

  • Ann Agric Environ Med.

  • In China, while experiencing economic and nutritional transition, obesity in adolescents has also markedly risen since the early s 4.

  • Thomas T, Burguera B. In Latino children, the contributions of abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat to BMC have not been examined.

  • The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.

Incident cases of MetS were defined as all participants who did not have any MetS criterion at baseline, and reported 3 or more criteria of MetS in the 6th year follow-up questionnaire. Discussion The first relevant finding of meal plans to lose weight delivered diet study was the lower occurrence of mild central obesity in those individuals included in the last tertile of dietary TAC, while dietary TAC values were inversely correlated to waist circumference values in a young population. To examine which adiposity measures provide the best prediction of IS, partial R 2 was calculated for the various adiposity measures, based on maximum likelihood ML estimation to examine model fitting and assess the proportion of the variance in each IS outcome explained by each or combinations of adiposity measures 19 :. Acknowledgements We wish to thank the physician Blanca E. Contact us General enquiries: ORSupport springernature.

Requests for data access may be sent to regardsadmin uab. In relaed Latino children, we found a positive relationship between IAAT and insulin resistance [ 10 ] and a negative relationship between insulin resistance and BMC [ 11 ]. According to knowledge based on the available literature, no studies have been conducted to evaluate the prevalence of ID in adults with CO in Qatar. Charles, Mo. A single radiologist reviewed all images after processing.

The association between obesity and iron status remains controversial [ 16193839 ]. Intra-individual double burden of overweight and micronutrient deficiencies among Vietnamese women. Support Center Support Center. In addition to the burden of obesity and non-communicable diseases, micronutrient deficiencies, e.

Reproducibility of an FFQ validated in Spain. Genetic and epigenetic studies of adiposity and cardiometabolic disease. Only the estimates from the best-fit models are presented. Kim J.

Obesity-induced hypertension: interaction of neurohumoral and renal mechanisms. Continued follow-up of this relater would provide more insight into the temporal relation between adiposity and IR and the complex interplay of environmental and genetic determinants. Activity conducted between the hours of 7 am and 11 pm daily were used in these analyses. In our study the prevalence of obesity in England and Scotland was much higher at Open in a separate window.

Diagnosis of MetS itself, the same as each MetS criterion was previously validated in a subsample of the cohort [ 2425 ]. Related activity in the United States measured by accelerometer. Third, because our rural Chinese sample was relatively short and lean, caution is needed when generalizing our findings to other populations. When we simultaneously analyzed total yogurt consumption and fruit consumption, we found that the category of a combined exposure to both higher yogurt consumption and high fruit consumption was significantly associated with a lower risk of developing MetS. National strategies to address adiposity should be a public health priority.

Health effects of overweight and obesity in countries over 25 years. National strategies to address adiposity should be central adiposity inversely related to bmc public health priority. Conclusions Sinceadiposity has contributed to more deaths in England and Scotland than smoking. Percentage of all-cause deaths attributable to adiposity and smoking by age at completion of full-time education. Conclusions The findings of this study showed that high consumption of yogurt at the same time with a high consumption of fruits was inversely associated with the development of MetS. Genetic and environmental correlations between body mass index and waist circumference in China: the Qingdao adolescent twin study.

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Serum estradiol was measured by double-antibody radioimmunoassay Diagnostics Products Corp. Among the participants, Ferritin significantly increased with the increase in the android fat to gynoid fat ratio relatd visceral fat in both genders. BMC Nutr. Standardized values of waist circumference, android fat, gynoid fat ratio and visceral fat were significantly associated with log transformed ferritin in men and women. Subjects fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected using a simple random selection in which each person had the same chance of being selected. Results indicated that participants with higher WC had significantly lower Hb, serum iron and TS compared to participants with normal WC.

Howard 2Suzanne E. A systematic review further indicated that The reagent lyses red blood cells and white blood cells in the sample. Prevention efforts aimed at promoting weight control may be beneficial to prevent physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyle among older adults. Published : 28 July

  • Int J Obes.

  • For several decades, smoking has been a major target of public health interventions, because it made the largest contribution to avoidable deaths [ 123 ]. To our knowledge, this study is the first to identify significant inverse associations between MVPA and measures of central adiposity among African American adults from a community-based cohort using an objective measure of physical activity and a validated quantitative imaging technique.

  • We noted a significant difference between genders.

  • Table 3 presents the univariate correlation coefficients between measures of physical activity and measures of central adiposity.

  • Bidirectional association in a longitudinal study of 31, Australian adults. J Aging Health.

Cigarette smoking, cardiovascular disease, and stroke: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. Availability of data and materials The data sets analyzed during this study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request. Liu R. When we analyzed the association between total yogurt consumption and the risk of MetS, stratifying participants according to the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern or according to fruit consumption there was a suggestion of a lower risk of developing MetS among participants with a higher adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern, and also among those with high fruit consumption. Gac Sanit.

J Public Health Bangkok. Serum ferritin was logarithmically transformed. Ann Agric Environ Med. Validation of the actical activity monitor in middle-aged and older adults. Download: PPT. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Lung Cancer. Google Scholar BMC Obes 4, 34

  • Similar results have been reported in other studies [ 204954 ].

  • Download references.

  • Another study of women from three countries that were undergoing the nutrition transition found an overlap between being OW and having anaemia [ 19 ]. BMC was not normally distributed and was log transformed for the multiple linear regression analyses.

  • Methods Yogurt consumption was assessed at baseline through a item validated FFQ. The combined associations of smoking and adiposity should be considered in future individual-level studies, as there may be interactions between them.

  • They also provided written informed consent for in-person physical examination. J Intern Med.

Qin et al. Since girls were more mature than boys, leptin and Tanner stage were positively correlated in girls but negatively correlated in boys, and leptin and BMC were inversely correlated, it is plausible to conclude that the adverse effect rlated IAAT on BMC in girls may be explained, at least partially, by leptin. The reaction mixture is aspirated into the measuring cell, where the microparticles are magnetically captured onto the surface of the electrode. We found that girls were more mature, had a higher percentage of body fat, higher serum leptin and estradiol levels but lower testosterone compared to boys. High sitting time or obesity: which came first? BMC was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. In line with our study, Sabrina et al.

It reported that tobacco use was still the top contributor to DALYs in even though its contribution had fallen by 9. Article PubMed Google Scholar Recent history Saved searches. To gain further insight into the association between physical activity and VAT in this population at high risk of cardiometabolic disease [ 26 ], we describe the cross-sectional association between physical activity measured using accelerometry and VAT measured using dual x-ray absorptiometry DXA in a community-based sample of African-American adults participating in the Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study METS [ 27 ].

  • Unique effect of visceral fat on insulin sensitivity in obese Hispanic children with a family history of type 2 diabetes. Bend, OR worn over the right hip attached to a neoprene waistband.

  • Reprints and Permissions. Circ Res.

  • Excess of ferrous iron was added to the sample to saturate the transferrin.

  • Development of a dynamic framework to explain population patterns of leisure-time physical activity through agent-based modeling.

  • Once excess fat is accumulated in earlier life, possibly due to a low level of PA, it may lead to even lower PA participation.

Donald Zimmerman Search articles by 'Donald Zimmerman'. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity with accelerometry is associated with visceral adipose tissue in adults. Authors' contributions HHMH: Design, field work, data collection, analysis, and writing of the manuscript. In this study, the dietary TAC was also inversely associated with glucose biomarkers. Among older age-groups, the crossover between smoking and adiposity occurred earlier and, therefore, the difference in magnitude is now greater. Inflammation and insulin resistance.

Adiposuty the in-home visit, using an 8-ft metal tape, height was measured without shoes; wearing light clothes, weight was measured using a standard lb calibrated scale. Aderibigbe et al. One possible explanation suggested by Godin et al. The current investigation is the first to examine the independent effect of leptin on BMC while adjusting for important confounders in pre- and postpubertal Latino children. Future research is needed to explicitly address these issues. Participants were divided in subgroups tertiles based on their METs. Folate deficiency is associated with nutritional anaemia in Lebanese women of childbearing age.

Curr Obes Rep. BMJ Open ; 6:e One possible bias of BMI was that it does not distinguish fat mass and fat-free mass. Similarly, Roemmich et al.

Type 2 diabetes among North American children and adolescents: an epidemiologic review and a public health perspective. Results Anthropometric, clinical and lifestyle characteristics were examined by tertiles of dietary TAC values Table 1. Results In linear regression analyses, dietary TAC adiplsity were inversely associated with glycemia, total cholesterol:HDL-c ratio, triglycerides and oxidized-LDL concentrations, and positively associated with HDL-c concentrations, independently of gender, age, smoking status, physical activity, vitamin use supplement, waist circumference, energy intake, fatty acid intake. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the HRs of former and current smoking by sex adjusting for age, sex, ethnicity, deprivation, physical activity, and diet. Am J Epidemiol. The self-reported outcome might be considered as a major limitation of our study.

  • Time spent being sedentary and weight gain in healthy adults: reverse or bidirectional causality? This association disappeared after adjusting for age, gender and BMI [ 52 ].

  • In this sense, increased dietary TAC has been associated with higher diet quality scores [ 12 ] as well as with improved values concerning glucose metabolism [ 13 ] and inflammatory status [ 1415 ] in middle-aged people.

  • One study in older population [ 25 ] illustrated that obesity was associated with lower levels of physical activity and physical function.

  • Subjects fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected using a simple random selection in which each person had the same chance of being selected.

  • Similarly, Roemmich et al.

Am J Clin Nutr. Passive smoking and the risk of heart disease. Monozygotic co-twin analyses of body composition measurements and serum lipids. PLoS One. Interestingly, another study showed the combination of aerobic exercise and strength training has a modest reduction of VAT but both separately had a significant VAT decrease [ 8 ].

Obesity and ID are the main nutritional problems in the world. The reaction mixture is aspirated into the measuring cell, where the bmc are magnetically captured onto the surface of the electrode. Table 4. Pearson and partial correlations were performed to determine the unadjusted and adjusted relationships between BMC and BA and the independent variables. Statistical analysis Data were analysed using Stata J Aging Health. Lack of independent relationship between plasma adiponectin, leptin levels and bone density in nondiabetic female adolescents.

Inverselt fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected using a simple random selection in which each person central adiposity inversely related to bmc the same chance of being selected. Time spent being sedentary and weight gain in healthy adults: reverse or bidirectional causality? Women and African Americans were more likely to fail to meet the PA guidelines [ 67 ]. The relationship between adiposity and PA has been reported in a number of previous cross-sectional studies [ 3031 ]. The same study also indicated the co-existence of anaemia and CO in women,

Association of adiposity trajectories with insulin sensitivity and centra, deterioration: a longitudinal study of rural Chinese twin adults. On one hand, by scavenging free radicals and by sparing lipophilic antioxidant content of lipoproteins and, on the other hand by increasing the plasma TAC availability [ 47 — 50 ]. Diagnosis of MetS itself, the same as each MetS criterion was previously validated in a subsample of the cohort [ 2425 ]. Adiposity measures and insulin sensitivity IS estimates in Chinese twin adolescents aged 13—20 y 1.

Inadiposity accounted for 3. Steenland K. To our knowledge, this study is the first to identify associations between parameters of physical activity and measures of central adiposity among African American adults from a community-based cohort. The self-reported outcome might be considered as a major limitation of our study.

In women, the difference was 2. Full size image. The temporal trends were more striking in older age-groups. Search all BMC articles Search. The trend was also more pronounced in men than women, in spite of men having a higher annual prevalence of smoking than women, and a lower prevalence of obesity. Venous blood samples were drawn after a 12 h overnight fast by venipuncture.

Descriptive characteristics of our study population specification. Br J Sports Med. A significant relationship also existed between adiposity and odds of meeting the PA guideline.

  • PubMed Google Scholar 7. Other studies have reported the co-existence of general obesity and anaemia [ 41 — 43 ].

  • The annual prevalence of overweight, obesity, current and former smoking is consistent with previous reports in England and Scotland Supplementary Table 1.

  • Table 3.

  • The reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study: objectives and design. Relationship of leptin to bone mineralization in children and adolescents.

  • Trained interviewers obtained demographic information and medical history through a computer-assisted telephone interview.

  • None of the authors had any conflicts of interest.

Values were adjusted for age, education adi;osity, smoking and leisure-time physical activity METs, recoded as tertiles. Iron, hepcidin and inflammatory status of young healthy central adiposity inversely related to bmc and obese women in Australia. During the in-home visit, using an 8-ft metal tape, height was measured without shoes; wearing light clothes, weight was measured using a standard lb calibrated scale. The increase in the ferritin concentration may be attributed to the high inflammatory status, reflected by an increase in CRP concentration with CO. Adipose tissue is an active endocrine organ that increases the secretion of inflammatory mediators in obese patients.

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No interaction was significant for the logistic model of meeting or not meeting centrral PA guideline, but all results were stratified by race and sex for ease of comparability. Screen time, other sedentary Behaviours, and obesity risk in adults: a review of reviews. Eur Rev Aging Phys Act. J Nutr. Is adiposity associated with objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviors in older adults?. Different hypotheses have been suggested to elucidate the relationship between obesity indices and ID. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

  • A population-based study. Participants were invited to wear an accelerometer for 7 days for assessment of PA.

  • Article PubMed Google Scholar.

  • First, in this study, we recognise the lack of sensitive inflammatory biomarker measures, which would have been useful in characterising the relationship between obesity and iron status. Judd 3Steven N.

  • McGrath, S.

  • Some studies [ 910111213 ] have identified demographic, biological, psychological, social, and environmental variables linked to PA levels. Thomas T, Burguera B.

Relationship of leptin to bone mineralization in children and adolescents. A random sample of healthy Qatari adults, aged 20—50 years, was obtained from Qatar Biobank study. Search all BMC articles Search. Using a cloth tape over skin or lightweight clothing, waist circumference WC was measured at the midpoint between the lowest rib on the right side and the top of the iliac crest. Research article Open Access Published: 28 July Is adiposity associated with objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviors in older adults?

For instance, results from the Iowa Bone Development Study [ 24 ] revealed percent body xdiposity measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry was associated with subsequent MVPA in childhood. In the context of the obesity burden in Qatar, it is important to assess the iron status and include the measurement of inflammatory biomarkers CRP or high-sensitivity CRP. Hepcidin and iron homeostasis. Results The characteristics of the samples by gender are given in Table 1. Prevalence of anemia and associated factors in childbearing age women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Prevalence of anemia and associated factors in childbearing age women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Other studies gelated reported the co-existence of general obesity and anaemia [ 41 — 43 ]. Role of leptin in hypothalamic-pituitary function. Are general obesity and visceral adiposity in men linked to reduced bone mineral content resulting from normal aging?.

The participants in METS have been followed annually since for measurement of weight, at a minimum. Abstract Background The role of yogurt consumption in the development of metabolic syndrome MetS is not fully understood and the available epidemiologic evidence is scarce. Regional distribution of body fat, plasma lipoproteins, and cardiovascular disease. New Eng J Med. The association of adiposity with mortality may differ by ethnicity and this might need to be accounted for in future analysis. The average age of participants in the studies included in that meta-analysis was in general over 50 years, whereas the mean age of participants in our cohort was Med Sci Sport Exerc.

Bmc Metab Cardiovasc Dis. Article PubMed Google Scholar 3. Mayne ST: Antioxidant nutrients and chronic disease: use of biomarkers of exposure and oxidative stress status in epidemiologic research. BMC Public Health 15, Adolescent health in the United States, Methods Study population and institutional review board METS is a multi-country, longitudinal cohort study designed to examine the relationship between objectively-measured physical activity and weight gain among five community-based samples of adults, predominantly of African descent.

The adiposity measures were expressed as age- and sex-specific z scores, calculated as an observed value minus the mean value, divided by SD within each year of age and sex stratum. The association of adiposity with mortality may differ by ethnicity and this might need to be accounted for in future analysis. It should, however, be noted that the present study was designed to capture habitual physical activity levels rather than exercise intensity or intervention, and these data indicate low exercise levels. Body-mass index and all-cause mortality: individual-participant-data meta-analysis of prospective studies in four continents.

  • Diabetes Care. The increased ferritin concentration may be attributed to the increase in inflammatory status as a result of an increase in c-reactive protein concentration associated with central obesity.

  • Dairy product intake is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome in Korean adults: Anseong and Ansan cohort of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. Adiposity now accounts for more deaths in England and Scotland than smoking among people in middle- and old-age.

  • Many older adults in the U. However, the extent to how adiposity is associated with objectively measured PA and STA, and the adherence to the PA guidelines in older adults remains uncertain.

  • There were no other significant differences between girls and boys. The relationship among physical activity, obesity, and physical function in community-dwelling older women.

Ho and Carlos Celis-Morales contributed equally to this work. We acknowledge the assistance innversely cooperation of the faculty and staff of the Anhui Institute of Biomedicine, Anhui Medical University, and thank all of the study participants for their support. Of the phenotypic correlations between adiposity measures and IS Importantly, none of the studies that explored the association between MetS and yogurt have studied the potential different effects for whole-fat and low-fat yogurt consumption. Risk ratios of adiposity and smoking Risk ratios RRs were used for the estimation of population attributable fraction. The temporal trends are consistent with our findings.

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Overweight and obese children have central adiposity inversely related to bmc bone mass and area for their weight. Results Invedsely were available for participants This study did not assess thalassaemia, a common disease in the region. J Clin Invest. Second, there are limitations to using accelerometers, including not being able to identify types and domains of PA or capture upper-body or non-ambulatory movement, potentially resulting in an under-estimation of total PA [ 40 ]. There were no other significant differences between girls and boys. However, BMI is not considered to be a direct measure of adiposity.

These significant associations remained after controlling for age, sex, and smoking status; neither alcohol consumption nor employment status were associated with abdominal adiposity. Continued follow-up of this cohort would provide more insight into the temporal relation between adiposity and IR and the complex interplay of environmental and genetic determinants. HRs are the ratios of instantaneous incidence rate and were converted into RRs using the formula described elsewhere [ 17 ]. HHMH: Design, field work, data collection, analysis, and writing of the manuscript. Google Scholar

Department of Health and Human Services; Skip to main content. For example, the difference in PAFs between adiposity and smoking was only 3. Validity of self-reported metabolic syndrome components in a cohort study. Among men, Of the phenotypic correlations between adiposity measures and IS

The confidence interval for the PAF was calculated using bootstrap repetitions based on the variances of both prevalence and RRs [ 18 ]. Recently, it was determined that VAT is a stronger predictor of morbidity and mortality than body weight change [ 9 ]. The negative health impact of increased levels of VAT is substantial. R2 measures based on Wald and likelihood ratio joint significance tests.

Bidirectional association in a longitudinal study central adiposity inversely related to bmc 31, Australian adults. We noted that participants men and women classified in the csntral rd tertile of VS had a higher level of ferritin when compared with those in the lowest relatec. Figures in parentheses represent percentages. Upper body and centralized adiposity in Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites: relationship to body mass index and other behavioral and demographic variables. No interaction was significant for the logistic model of meeting or not meeting the PA guideline, but all results were stratified by race and sex for ease of comparability. Since girls were more mature than boys, leptin and Tanner stage were positively correlated in girls but negatively correlated in boys, and leptin and BMC were inversely correlated, it is plausible to conclude that the adverse effect of IAAT on BMC in girls may be explained, at least partially, by leptin. We noted a significant difference between genders.

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PubMed Google Scholar 6. Table 2. Second, we used actual measurements to access the adiposity of participants during an in-home visit, providing more detailed analysis for older white and black women and men. Future studies will be necessary to uncover the mechanism of how adiposity may impact later PA behaviors in older adults. Consent for publication Not applicable. A systematic review further indicated that In children, Matkovic et al.

Figure 1. A detailed description of all methods, including recruitment methods in each site, has been previously onversely [ 27 ]. Cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese Chinese children: a comparison of weight-for-height index and BMI as the screening criterion. To arrive at the top five similar articles we use a word-weighted algorithm to compare words from the Title and Abstract of each citation.

Is obesity associated with anemia of chronic disease? Similarly, Roemmich et al. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and association with metabolic syndrome in a Qatari population.

The overlap of overweight and anaemia among women in three countries undergoing the nutrition transition. In addition to the burden of obesity and non-communicable diseases, micronutrient deficiencies, e. The results of linear regression showed slight differences between the genders. Persistence of juvenile-onset obesity over eight years: the Bogalusa Heart Study. J Am Coll Cardiol.

Table 3 presents knversely univariate correlation coefficients between measures of physical activity and measures of central adiposity. For the two relatee components of the metabolic syndrome high triglycerides and low HDL-C we did not find any significant association with frequent yogurt related bmc, even though, in all cases our non-significant estimates were in the direction of an inverse association. A unique feature of this study was that it showed an inverse adiposity-IS relation in relatively lean Chinese adolescents, which complements and extends the findings from previous studies in mostly overweight, adult, white populations. In addition, the independent and inverse relationships of ox-LDL concentrations with dietary and plasma TAC respectively suggest a putative role of antioxidant rich-diet in the link between redox state and atherogenesis at early stage. The SUN project is a prospective, multipurpose, and dynamic cohort study conducted in Spain, which was originally designed to establish associations between diet and the occurrence of several diseases and chronic conditions including overweight and obesity [ 16 ]. This study is unique in that normal physical activity level, rather an exercise intervention, was assessed and may have important clinical implications for future obesity management. After these exclusions a total of 8, participants were available for the final analysis.

S1 Checklist. A conceptual neurocognitive affect-related model for the promotion of exercise among obese adults. Conclusion Total abdominal adipose fat and leptin are negatively associated with BMC in Latino children. This study has several strengths. Diabetes Care.

Our findings are consistent with some previous cross-sectional studies indicating an inverse but non-significant association between yogurt consumption and MetS [ 610 ]. Peer Review reports. The design was cross-sectional. Google Scholar. Rev Esp Cardioldoi Rong Liu Search articles by 'Rong Liu'.

References 1. Free full text. J Pediatr ; —72 [ Abstract ] tto Google Scholar ]. Yogurt consumption assessment Frequency of whole-fat and low-fat yogurt consumption in the previous year was reported by each participant in the baseline FFQ. The confidence intervals were wider for smoking than adiposity due to the less precise estimates of RRs [ 15 ]. However, we adjusted dietary total antioxidant by energy in separated models for women and men and we assessed the association of dietary TAC values with the investigated glucose and lipid biomarkers in multivariate linear regression models controlled by gender.

  • Second, there are limitations to using accelerometers, including not being able to identify types and domains of PA or capture upper-body or non-ambulatory movement, potentially resulting in an under-estimation of total PA [ 40 ].

  • Inadiposity contributed to 3.

  • Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Application of a voltage to the electrode then induces chemiluminescent emission, measured by the Cobas —1 modular platform Roche Diagnostic, Mannheim, Germany.

  • You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar.

  • Unique effect of visceral fat on insulin sensitivity in obese Hispanic children with a family history of type 2 diabetes.

  • External link. Finally, as a cross-sectional study, causality cannot be inferred.

It has also been reported that there is a significant difference in the prevalence of the double burden of CO and anaemia between the genders [ 40 ]. J Public Health Res. Age Dordr. A manual delineation of the subcutaneous between the skin and abdominal wall muscles and the abdominal within the abdominal wall muscles areas for SAAT and IAAT, respectively, was made with a light pen on the computer screen by a trained radiation imaging technologist.

Partial R 2. Over the same period, the prevalence of current smoker decreased from Dyslipidemias and insulin resistance constitute major risk factors of cardiovascular diseases CVD and related-features [ 1 ]. However, systematic differences in response on the basis of smoking versus obesity are unlikely. However, we adjusted dietary total antioxidant by energy in separated models for women and men and we assessed the association of dietary TAC values with the investigated glucose and lipid biomarkers in multivariate linear regression models controlled by gender. Consent for publication Not Applicable. This website requires cookies, and the limited processing of your personal data in order to function.

The confidence interval for the PAF was calculated using bootstrap repetitions based on the variances of both prevalence and RRs [ 18 ]. Obesity Collaborators GBD. In this study, the dietary TAC was also inversely associated with glucose biomarkers. Nutrient composition of specified portion sizes was multiplied by the frequency of consumption in order to calculate each nutrient score.

Prevalence and trends in overweight among U. Inadequate physical activity and health care expenditures in the United States. Data were available for participants Bone acquisition in healthy children and adolescents: comparisons of relaed x-ray absorptiometry and computed tomography measures. The decrease in circulating iron observed in obese individuals has been linked to an increase in hepcidin expression due to chronic low-grade inflammation [ 63 ]. Accelerometry analysis of physical activity and sedentary behavior in older adults: a systematic review and data analysis. The sample size was selected because QBB provides free samples for research projects done by institutions in Qatar.

Google Scholar Additional file 1. Article Google Scholar Increase in physical activity energy expenditure is associated with reduced metabolic risk independent of change in fatness and fitness. A standard oral-glucose-tolerance test 1. Results of the multivariate regression analyses are presented in Table 4for the total cohort as well as for women and men, separately.

Role of leptin in hypothalamic-pituitary function. Arch Dis Child. A total of children girls, inversepy were recruited through clinics, health fairs, newspaper announcements and word of mouth. Google Scholar. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Leptin inhibits bone formation through a hypothalamic relay: a central control of bone mass.

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