Advertisement

Sign up for our daily newsletter

Advertisement

Mid upper arm circumference and body mass index – Relationship between Mid-Upper Arm Circumference and Body Mass Index in Inpatients

East Mediterr Health J.

Matthew Cox
Saturday, October 3, 2020
Advertisement
  • FAO; July 29, We analyzed anthropometric data collected from a large-scale nutritional survey on women of rural Bihar to determine the mid-upper arm circumference MUAC cutoffs corresponding to standard BMI cutoffs and the predictive accuracies of the determined cutoffs.

  • Corvos Hidalgo C. MUAC could be one, especially as several studies have examined this association [ 91017 ].

  • Women's nutrition study, Bihar, As Gomula et al.

  • Low mid-upper arm circumference identifies children with a high risk of death who should be the priority target for treatment. The nutrition transition: worldwide obesity dynamics and their determinants.

Publication types

Anthropometric assessment of nutritional status using the circumference of the arm in university students. Intergenerational changes in many biological traits are indicators of environmental conditions. Results The parameters of 1, patients Google Scholar. Mid-upper-arm and calf circumferences are useful predictors of underweight in women of reproductive age in northern Vietnam.

Also other authors [e. Since MUAC, compared to BMI, reflects more accurately long-term socioeconomic changes affecting growth of children, it may be a more reliable and sensitive anthropometric indicator in population screening for epidemiological purposes. This mid upper arm circumference and body mass index probably a reflection of the important socioeconomic differences between the two countries, for which reason our work may be more representative of general hospitals in first-world countries. In the post-war period, Polish economy was under reconstruction, and communist centrally planned economic system was introduced. These results support our research findings confirming that body weight might be a not ideal measure in population studies. Based on the coordinates of the curve, a cut-off point is selected for the variable MUAC, and the sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratio for positive and negative test, as well as the percentage of correct classification were carried out. MUAC could be one, especially as several studies have examined this association [ 91017 ].

ALSO READ: Lemon Diet Detox Weight Loss

Article Google Scholar 4. Currently, a BMI of Chomtho, S. Skip to main content Thank you for visiting nature. Hulanicka, B. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS.

Reiser B. Approximately, four of five women lived in a non-pucca not entirely built of ipper house, and about one-fifth of them had access to a flush toilet. Bisai S, Bose K. In first ration cards were introduced to distribute limited food products and other goods. These results support our research findings confirming that body weight might be a not ideal measure in population studies.

There are more than a few papers that have studied this relationship. The validity of BMI as circumferencw indicator of body fatness and risk among children. However, it must be taken into account that many inpatients cannot be weighed and measured. View author publications. Another limitation involved a long time interval between studies in andbecause there was a lack of data collection among schoolchildren from the s, shortly after the onset of political transformation in Poland.

Background

As Gomula et al. Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily. PLoS One. Abstract Introduction Nutritional screening is a fundamental aspect of the initial evaluation of the hospitalised patient.

Article Google Scholar 7. Accepted : 13 August Clin Nutr, srm 27 3 : — Diverse studies have employed MUAC as a nutritional parameter in different population groups as elderly, inpatients, infants, pre-school-age children, schoolchildren, pregnant women or lactating women [ 9 — 16 ]. In turn, the Mini Nutritional Assessment MNA screening, designated particularly for a population over 65 years of age, also comprises MUAC data, including values of 22—21 cm as parameters to detect malnutrition [ 23 ]. Agreement between body mass index, calf circumference, arm circumference, habitual energy intake and the MNA in hospitalized elderly.

ALSO READ: Mid Upper Arm Circumference And Body Mass Index

This economic stagnation resulted mid upper arm circumference and body mass index the price increases, food shortages and rationing of goods, where certain items and food products were limited and accessed only by ration cards introduced by the government in the second half of the s and maintained until the end of s. N Engl J Med ;— Two-sample independent t test was used to check their means comparison and Pearson correlation was used to investigate the correlation between MUAC and other anthropometric measurements. The head was positioned so that the infraorbital ridge and upper border of the external auditory meatus was in the same horizontal plane Frankfort's plane. Thus, we may not comment on whether the MUAC cutoffs can successfully identify women who are at higher risk of negative health outcomes. Other studies have found similar correlations in adult populations [ 27101112131415 ] and with a high correlation across ethnicity and sex.

From a historical point of view, the period between Surveys in and was particularly difficult for a Polish society. This is probably a reflection mid upper arm circumference and body mass index the important socioeconomic differences between the two countries, for which reason our work may be more representative of general hospitals in first-world countries. These indirect measures undeniably lead to an inherent margin of error in the process of estimating height or weight, being more relevant in the case of height as the latter is squared in the BMI equation. Tri-ponderal mass index vs body mass index in estimating body fat during adolescence. All authors reviewed the manuscript. Ljungqvist O, Man FD. Therefore, it is difficult to define, whether the secular increases in body weight and arm circumference were observed continuously from untilor these measures increased, for instance, in s and then stabilized.

Introduction

Also other authors [e. The likelihood ratios for each cutoff point were also shown. Body mass index. Undernourished people have an increased risk of premature mortality from both infectious and non-communicable diseases. While there is consensus about the usefulness of MUAC, the optimal cutoff to detect underweight is still not determined.

Milani uppre, Giacomo D. Abstract Introduction Nutritional screening is a fundamental aspect of the initial evaluation of the hospitalised patient. Children were selected by the National Bureau of Statistics GUS in a alaska weight loss institute hcg diet foods procedure of sampling in the following order: regions within Poland, the cities, towns and villages within the ypper, the schools within those locations, the required number of children within the schools 7 It should be taken into account, however, the differences that exist between the study population of this work and that of ours, not only for the interracial variability that could justify the differences encountered, but also for the greater chronic profile of our patients, for instance greater average age, which is almost double. Further reading Seasonal variability of the vitamin D effect on physical fitness in adolescents Gregorio P. Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Arm measurements as determinants of further survival in centenarians. Nutr Hosp. The impact of malnutrition on morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay and costs evaluated through a multivariate model analysis. Publish with us For authors Submit manuscript.

Introduction

Furthermore, in Spain as well as in Europe there is a body of work in combating malnutrition related to illness in which many inpatient nutritional screens are been designed and applied, and so body mass index believe that the results obtained in our article contribute somewhat more objectivity to the anthropometric data included in those studies. The parameters of 1, patients The BMI is a common and universally used measurement for screening both underweight and overweight across many populations [e. Therefore, MUAC, as a screening tool, may be useful in predicting not only severe malnutrition and, on the other hand, overweight and obesity, but also may reflect long-lasting socioeconomic and cultural changes within a whole population. Skip to main content Thank you for visiting nature.

Growth as a mirror of the condition of society: secular trends and class distinctions. Validation of a method of dispensing nutritional supplements in a tertiary hospital. A comparison of mid upper arm circumference, body mass index and weight loss as indices of undernutrition in acutely hospitalized patients. The authors would like to thank all professional staff and other people involved in Polish Anthropological Surveys across the years — Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field. For the comparisons of the quantitative variables between two independent groups the Student's parametric t -test is used. Nutritional screening is a fundamental aspect of the initial evaluation of the hospitalised patient.

ALSO READ: Heart Patient Weight Loss Diet

Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank all professional staff and other people involved in Polish Anthropological Surveys across the years — Results The parameters of 1, patients While BMI is a common and widely used measure of monitoring weight status within the population, it is also often criticized for its low accuracy in identifying overweight and obesity among individuals, especially in children and adolescents, because its adequacy varies according to the degree of body fatness and body composition [compare: 14 ]. Download references. Introduction The mid-upper arm circumference MUAC is an anthropometric screening tool that is useful especially in monitoring severe undernutrition 1.

Korean Journal of Pediatrics ;61 1 PLoS Circumference and ;4:e Exclusion of malnourished women would mean that ineex the population level, the sensitivity for screening of overweight and obese women might be lower, whereas that for underweight women would be higher than that obtained in the current analysis. However, we believe the consequences of missing someone in need of nutritional support who may very rarely seek health support, should outweigh the economic burden of low specificity. Obesity and inequities in health in the developing world. This could be due to both the setting, including only people who reach the bigger cities in the country, as well as a relatively small sample size.

MeSH terms

On the other alaska weight loss institute hcg diet foods, after socio-political transformation, higher values of both anthropometric indicators in boys compared to girls only from higher SES category and their persistent social stratification with respect to Z-MUAC may suggest that these boys were more sensitive to the influence of economic welfare, that mainly affected the most privileged groups. Dietary behaviors, physical activity and sedentary lifestyle associated with overweight and obesity, and their socio-demographic correlates, among Pakistani primary school children. Ethics declarations Ethics approval and consent to participate The study was approved by the ethics review committee of the Nepal Health Research Council reference number Detrimental effects of underweight are also well known for growth and development during childhood, since it may cause nutritional deficits and lead to the impairment of immune system with more frequent infections [e.

Freedman, D. All authors have read and approved the manuscript. Use of mid-upper arm circumference in annd undernutrition and illness in rural adult Oraon men of Gumla District, Jharkhand, India. Approximately, four of five women lived in a non-pucca not entirely built of brick house, and about one-fifth of them had access to a flush toilet.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Within a broader context, socioeconomic xnd affect values of BMI along with the secular intergenerational trend, particularly in countries that underwent political transition [e. Height and MUAC were measured to the nearest 0. We believe, in any case, that the data obtained in our study are significant, since it is the first to be undertaken with a sample of inpatients from a general hospital in the first world.

As nutritional status of children may accurately reflect environmental changes within the whole population 13it mid upper arm circumference and body mass index worth identifying a simple biological measure that allows for monitoring the influence of socioeconomic transformations on human growth. HM is associated with delay in patient recovery, prolongs hospital stays, increases the number of readmissions, increases the risk of infection, alters the quality of life and increases mortality [ 3 — 6 ]. Our results seem to be in accordance with these findings, since significantly higher values of Z-MUAC among girls during the years — might reflect higher content of adipose tissue in females, while BMI mostly did not differ significantly with respect to sex during corresponding period. Lamerz, A.

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify whether Upped, compared to BMI, may be useful as a biological indicator of nutritional status affected by the socioeconomic temporal changes and differentiated by socioeconomic stratification, based on the cross-sectional data of Polish schoolchildren measured in, and JAMA Pediatr. Use of mid-upper arm circumference for determining overweight and overfatness in children and adolescents. Download: PPT. Socioeconomic status SES was assessed by the scores of first component derived from the principal component analysis and representing overall SES eigenvalue of the first factor: 2.

ALSO READ: Japanese Weight Loss Diet

A higher sample size might have increased the prevalence of the outcome, which again could increase the strength of the analysis. Mzss, M. Received : 10 March Anthropometric measures and nutritional status in a healthy elderly population. During these measurements, the subject was in comfortable standing position and asked to look straight ahead with shoulders in normal position. A BMI above but close to

These results support our research findings confirming that body weight might be a not ideal measure in population studies. Measurements of MUAC have long been known to reflect changes in human body weight, and the major determinants of MUAC, arm muscle and subcutaneous fat, are both important determinants of survival in starvation. Smoothing reference centile curves: the LMS method and penalized likelihood. Firstly, we included a large proportion of people suffering from a chronic heart disease, which is not representative of the population of Nepal. Faraggi D.

MilaniGiacomo D. It is also a reliable biological indicator of overweight and obesity among children in resource-limited areas 23. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. Reprints and Permissions. Download citation.

Publication types

Collins S. Conversely, the [LR N ] is obtained by dividing 1-senseitivity to the specificity and it tells how much the odds of a disease decreases when a test is negative. Article Google Scholar Pediatrics ;e—e Government of Pakistan: census report of Pakistan

Z-BMI was mostly constantly increasing throughout the studied period —while Z-MUAC had a significant decrease in its value between and Article Google Scholar 7. PLoS One. Area Under the Curve of Mid-Upper Arm Circunference for the detection of malnutrition in the whole sample and stratified by sex.

Download references. Evidence for nutritional benefits in prolonging wellness. Yet, inin contrast to previous mandatory surveys, a written consent of parents or legal guardians of the children was required, therefore, not entire target population of children has been involved 7. BMC Res Notes. Thus, the cutoff determined in the present study might have been based on the measurements taken from relatively healthier women, which might not comprehensively represent the scenario in the community.

Popkin, B. Publish with us For authors Submit manuscript. InSES differences for analysed anthropometric indicators mainly diminished and lost their significance. The authors would like to thank all professional staff and other people involved in Polish Anthropological Surveys across the years — Article Google Scholar 8.

As Gomula et al. MilaniGiacomo D. Download PDF. Thus, it was found that the differences in MUAC between malnourished and non-malnourished patients were somewhat greater in women than in men, but without reaching statistical significance, being able to employ said common value to both sexes in the analysis of this measure. Clin Nutr.

Moreover, until s in low- and middle income developing countries higher socioeconomic status measured, for instance, by the educational level was related to higher values uper BMI 9. Use of mid-upper arm circumference for determining overweight and overfatness in children and adolescents. Show results from All journals This journal. Since MUAC, compared to BMI, reflects more accurately long-term socioeconomic changes affecting growth of children, it may be a more reliable and sensitive anthropometric indicator in population screening for epidemiological purposes.

LMS method allows to take into account an effect of age as a covariate that is related to changing distribution of a given measurement during growth of children [for more details see: 18 ]. Food Nutr Bull. External link. In total, 9. Public Health Nutr.

As Gomula et al. Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. A higher sample size might have increased the prevalence of the outcome, which again could increase the strength of the analysis. They had the right to voluntarily participate in or withdraw at any time from the study.

Therefore, MUAC, as a screening tool, may be useful in predicting not only severe malnutrition and, on the other hand, overweight and obesity, but also may reflect long-lasting socioeconomic and cultural changes within a whole population. It is a very simple and non-invasive measure 27 that could be reasonably informative. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. Exp Gerontol. Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field.

Height and MUAC were measured to the nearest 0. Ng, M. For this reason the greatest simplicity possible must be sought with optimum results.

Arch Public Health. PloS One. However, more studies in children and young adults should be carried out to evaluate the usefulness of MUAC as an index of adiposity. The bory cross-sectional study was derived from a case-control study on rheumatic heart disease RHD examining the relationship between Vitamin D deficiency and RHD unpublished observations, submitted, principal investigator Lene Thorup. The optimal cutoff point of MUAC was defined as a value which represented the maximum sum of sensitivity and specificity in each sex, stratified by age. During these measurements children were examined in light clothes without shoes. We analyzed anthropometric data collected from a large-scale nutritional survey on women of rural Bihar to determine the mid-upper arm circumference MUAC cutoffs corresponding to standard BMI cutoffs and the predictive accuracies of the determined cutoffs.

ALSO READ: 10 Different Diets To Lose Weight

Ljungqvist O, Man FD. Article Google U;per 8. Accepted : 13 August Results The parameters of 1, patients As we have commented on in the discussion, different cut-off points can be obtained according to sex and age, but the objective of this study was to find a single common cut-off point for a nutritional screen.

Bac, A. The weighing machine was calibrated to measure differences of up to 10 g, whereas one millimeter was the minimum measurement possible for height and MUAC. Dietz, W. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Index for rating diagnostic tests.

Arch Public Health. For this reason the greatest simplicity possible must be sought with optimum results. MilaniGiacomo D.

Recently, mid-upper-arm circumference Bbody has been proposed as another important indicator of obesity in children. Leandro-Merhi V. PLoS One. The descriptive statistics of age and anthropometric characteristics by sex were described in Table 1. The present cross-sectional study was derived from a case-control study on rheumatic heart disease RHD examining the relationship between Vitamin D deficiency and RHD unpublished observations, submitted, principal investigator Lene Thorup.

Contact us Submission enquiries: mid upper arm circumference and body mass index biomedcentral. Study design It was a cross-sectional study using multistage cluster sampling. Introduction In the recent years, obesity prevalence in children and adults afm been well documented. Mothers Understand And Can do it MUAC : a comparison of mothers and community health workers determining mid-upper arm circumference in children aged from 6 months to 5 years. Social class, parental education, and obesity prevalence in a study of six-year-old children in Germany. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

However, no significant decrease was noted. After the Second World War, Poland underwent vast economic and socio-political changes, beginning with rising after wartime destruction, through the period of long-lasting communism, political transformation to democracy and free market economy, and, finally, joining the European Union in [compare: 711 ]. About this article.

Scientific Reports Advanced search. Chomtho, S. The parameters of 1, patients

Search all BMC articles Search. Our results seem to be in and body with these findings, since significantly higher values of Z-MUAC among girls during the years — might reflect higher content of adipose tissue in females, while BMI mostly did not differ significantly with respect to sex during corresponding period. The head was positioned so that the infraorbital ridge and upper border of the external auditory meatus was in the same horizontal plane Frankfort's plane. Receiver-operating characteristic ROC curves were calculated for all participants and women and men separately. Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. We cannot reject that our inclusion method might have caused selection bias, causing overrepresentation of people with any type of disease, since all participants were recruited in a hospital setting. KumarA.

James W. Mramba, L. Freedman, D. Author statements Atm The authors are grateful to the study participants for their time in engaging mid upper arm circumference and body mass index this study. A screening mechanism based on MUAC could be essential for early detection of malnutrition among women, who usually have poorer access to health care than men, and to bring them under care. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

Int J Epidemiol. Cole, T. Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think.

Dell Statistica data analysis software systemversion 13 accessed June Stat Med. However, the BMI z score for boys and girls 0. Reprints and Permissions. The present study also demonstrates the feasibility of measuring MUAC in study setting. Google Scholar 2.

The measurement section contained the information about the anthropometric measurements. Bull World Health Organ ;— The authors would like to thank all professional staff and other people involved in Polish Anthropological Surveys across the years — Furthermore, we also tried to ensure that our study sample could cover all the socio-demographic economic class of people and ethnicities of Pakistan. Nanan D. Accepted : 23 July Scientific Reports

  • Laskey M. Although Z-MUAC seems to reflect long-term socioeconomic changes more accurately than Z-BMI, the differences between these two indicators with respect to the current higher or lower SES categories are not so pronounced.

  • The impact of malnutrition on morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay and costs evaluated through a multivariate model analysis.

  • Stat Med. Youden W.

  • Nutritional risk curcumference NRS : a new method based on an analysis of controlled clinical trials. Through this analysis, and observing that the possible cut-off points of each sex are very close to one another, the conclusion was reached that it is impractical to use a different value for men and women.

  • As a consequence, it has finally brought large disproportions and failures in development of particular economic sectors.

Hospital Malnutrition HM is highly prevalent. Through this analysis, and observing that the possible cut-off points of each sex are very close to one another, the conclusion mid upper arm circumference and body mass index reached that it is impractical to use a different value for men and women. During the communism, at the turn of the s and s, there was an economic crisis in Poland with a decrease in a real income of households, food shortages and price increases. EuroOOPS study group. It is also a reliable biological indicator of overweight and obesity among children in resource-limited areas 23. Although Z-MUAC seems to reflect long-term socioeconomic changes more accurately than Z-BMI, the differences between these two indicators with respect to the current higher or lower SES categories are not so pronounced. MUAC was taken twice and the averages were recorded.

Growth as a mirror of the condition of society: secular mjd and class distinctions. BMC Public Health ; Different effects of living conditions on the variation in BMI and height in children before the onset of puberty. Subsequently, 54 were excluded; 26 were underage, 9 had edema, 16 were pregnant and 3 had missing data for analysis. The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data.

You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. Body mass index, body composition and the chronic energy deficiency classification of rural adult populations in Guatemala. Pediatr Neonatol ;— The mid-upper arm circumference MUAC is an anthropometric screening tool that is useful especially in monitoring severe undernutrition 1. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. A logistic regression model is adjusted with the aim of evaluating, upler the interaction term whether the selected cut-off point presented a different effect from the classification of malnutrition based on sex and age. Anamnestic weight loss-do patients remember correctly? The determination coefficient R2 is calculated as a goodness-of-fit index. Obesity and inequities in health in the developing world. Rev Sanid Milit Mex. Abstract Intergenerational changes in many biological traits are indicators of environmental conditions.

Arch Public Health. Abstract Introduction Nutritional screening is a fundamental aspect of the initial evaluation of the hospitalised patient. Exp Gerontol. Weight and height were obtained with a model Seca scale, placing the patient with their back to the instrument, measuring the height and weight. Mothers Understand And Can do it MUAC : a comparison of mothers and community health workers determining mid-upper arm circumference in children aged from 6 months to 5 years. Moreover, until s in low- and middle income developing countries higher socioeconomic status measured, for instance, by the educational level was related to higher values of BMI 9. In turn, the Mini Nutritional Assessment MNA screening, designated particularly for a population over 65 years of age, also comprises MUAC data, including values of 22—21 cm as parameters to detect malnutrition [ 23 ].

The study was performed in Western Europe, understanding that the results would not coincide with the majority of studies carried out in developing countries due to interracial differences in body composition. LMS method allows to mid upper arm circumference and body mass index into account an effect of age as a covariate that is related to changing distribution of a given measurement during growth of children [for more details see: 18 ]. A logistic regression model is adjusted with the aim of evaluating, using the interaction term whether the selected cut-off point presented a different effect from the classification of malnutrition based on sex and age. This economic stagnation resulted in the price increases, food shortages and rationing of goods, where certain items and food products were limited and accessed only by ration cards introduced by the government in the second half of the s and maintained until the end of s.

LT wrote the paper with input from all authors. Furthermore, only 9. Within a broader context, socioeconomic changes affect circumferrnce of BMI along with the secular intergenerational trend, particularly in countries that underwent political transition [e. Study population and design A population based cross-sectional study sample of age 2 years and above was collected from Pakistan's most populated province viz. Conflicts of interest: No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

ALSO READ: Ashlee Simpson Wentz Little Miss Obsessive Youtube

One of the reasons might be that they were afraid of the effect of stigmatization associated with the assessment of body weight in their children [for more details see: 7 ], although it was noted anonymously. At the analysis level, the arithmetic mean of the two measures was calculated. Malnutrition in patients admitted to the medical wards of the Douala General Hospital: a cross-sectional study. J Pediatr Rio J ;— Download PDF. Public Health.

Laskey M. Anthropometry Anthropometric measurements were performed following WHO standards by the same investigator using the same equipment throughout the study. ESPEN guidelines on definitions and terminology of clinical nutrition. SaimalaN. Pandey M. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. For simplicity, a MUAC of

Figure 1. The impact of malnutrition on morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay and costs evaluated through a multivariate model circumgerence. It should be taken into account, however, the differences that exist between the study population of this work and that of ours, not only for the interracial variability that could justify the differences encountered, but also for the greater chronic profile of our patients, for instance greater average age, which is almost double. Sci Rep 9, The nutrition transition: worldwide obesity dynamics and their determinants. Reprints and Permissions. To facilitate the evaluation of the results obtained by measuring MUAC, we sought to analyse the results in a grouped sample of men and women.

If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. Faraggi D. Aside from screening purposes, assessment of nutritional status is a useful tool in management and evaluation of various chronic diseases. Food Nutr Bull.

These results support our research findings confirming that body weight might be a not ideal measure in population studies. Rytter, M. Correspondence to Natalia Nowak-Szczepanska. Chomtho, S.

MUAC could be one, especially as several studies have examined this association [ 91017 cicrumference. Socioeconomic status SES was assessed by the scores of first component derived from the principal component analysis and representing overall SES eigenvalue of the first factor: 2. Blackwell, N. Monteiro, C. The parameters of 1, patients Full size table.

Article Google Scholar 7. Obesity 28S2—S9 During the same time, there was no significant difference in Z-BMI between the sexes.

There was no difference between men and women. Sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics of the mid upper arm circumference and body mass index participants. Therefore, the present study sought to assess MUAC as an alternative to BMI to detect adult underweight in a population, which also includes chronically ill patients, in this case suffering from rheumatic heart disease. Bull World Health Organ ;— Faraggi D. Mid-upper arm circumference and body mass index as different screening tools of nutritional and weight status in Polish schoolchildren across socio-political changes. Determinants of malnutrition and post-operative complications in hospitalized surgical patients.

Study design The present study used a cross-sectional design implemented using multistage cluster sampling. Results A total of participants were screened for inclusion, from Pokhara and from Kathmandu. On the other hand, researchers have shown that MUAC can predict overweight and excess fatness with fairly reasonable accuracy 2. Public Health.

Sidebar1?
Sidebar2?