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Body adiposity index wikipedia encyclopedia – Body fat percentage

It can be used alone or in conjunction with other popular and widely used methods for monitoring body composition like the body mass index BMI , waist-to-hip and waist-to-height ratios. Keys explicitly judged BMI as appropriate for population studies and inappropriate for individual evaluation.

Matthew Cox
Friday, November 6, 2020
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  • Past and future population World population estimates 1 Population milestones.

  • Alternatively, instead of calculating your height in metres to the power of 1.

  • Carl Lavie has written that "The B.

  • In other words, BMI is better at determining a person is not obese than it is at determining a person is obese.

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Suriname more. The Journal of Urology Review. The surgical literature breaks down class III obesity into further categories, though the exact values are still disputed. Our World in Data. Retrieved 17 February

Nepal more. World cities National capitals Megacities Wikipedia encyclopedia. Adipose tissue Classification of obesity Genetics of obesity Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome Metabolically healthy obesity Obesity paradox. The BMI-based definition is easy to use and it is particularly convenient for statistical purposes, since it only depends on two commonly measured quantities, one's height and weight. Endocr Rev.

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Obesity wikipedia encyclopedia wikipdeia a ranking of obesitythe medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health. See also: Obesity paradox. Dietz Part of a series on. Complications are either directly caused by obesity or indirectly related through mechanisms sharing a common cause such as a poor diet or a sedentary lifestyle. Authority control.

  • The Washington Post.

  • Once you know your BAI, the table below will help you determine whether you are a healthy weight or not, depending on your age and gender. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

  • These measure a common form of obesity known as abdominal or central obesitycharacterized by excess deposits of fat in the abdominal region and inside peritoneal cavity.

  • European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Hidden categories: CS1: long volume value CS1 maint: archived copy as title Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list.

  • Both groups of arcuate nucleus neurons are regulated in part by leptin. An increase in the volume of fat and muscle normally corresponds with an increase or decrease of volume in that area of the body.

Social aspects. BMI generally overestimates adiposity on those with more lean body mass e. From this data, a formula relating the body measurements to density is developed. In this situation, BMI will increase without any corresponding increase in weight.

This can be contrasted with group insurance policies which do not wikipeida medical underwriting and where insurance admissibility is guaranteed by virtue of being a member of the insured group, regardless of BMI or other risk factors that would likely render the individual inadmissible to an individual health plan [ citation needed ]. Archived from the original on Nutr J. Create your Account. Social aspects.

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Don Fernandez. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Categories : Health by country Obesity Lists of countries Lists of countries by population-related issue. DR Congo more.

The healthy BMI range varies with the age and sex of the child. Diet, exercise, medications, surgery [1] [5] [6]. Main article: Diet and obesity. Some measurements are selected, and are applied to a population sample.

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Adults whose BMI is between A number of methods are available for determining body fat percentage, such as measurement with calipers or through index wikipedia use of bioelectrical impedance analysis. Part of a series on Human body weight General concepts. Bubnis D ed. Sorry I don't know how to fix this, just letting you know so someone can make this change. Some formulas require as few as three measurements, others as many as seven. Cox News Service.

The healthy BMI range varies with the index wikipedia encyclopedia and sex of the child. Annals of Adiposify Medicine Practice Guideline. The correlation between social class and BMI varies globally. Social aspects. Older individuals are found to have a lower body density for the same skinfold measurementswhich is assumed to signify a higher body fat percentage. Blackwell Publishing. More sophisticated instruments for domestic use are available with electrodes for both feet and hands.

Part of a series on. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Am J Epidemiol. As with obesity in adults many different factors contribute to the rising rates of childhood obesity. In light of this, higher death rates among thinner people would be the expected result.

As Asian populations develop negative health consequences at a lower BMI than western populations, some nations have wikipsdia obesity. Hip Circumference Inches Centimetres. Adolphe Queteleta Belgian astronomer, mathematician, statistician, and sociologist, devised the basis of the BMI between and as he developed what he called "social physics". As a measure, BMI became popular during the early s and 60s [ citation needed ] as obesity started to become a discernible issue in prosperous Western societies. Obes Rev. Storage body fat consists of fat accumulation in adipose tissuepart of which protects internal organs in the chest and abdomen.

BMI generally overestimates adiposity on those with more lean body mass e. Archived from the original on 21 August Paraguay more. InThe European Court of Justice ruled that morbid obesity is a disability.

Part of a series on. Pain Medicine Review. Medications are not FDA approved for use in this age group.

Related conditions. Based on population studies, the BAI is approximately equal to the percentage of body fat for wiki;edia men body adiposity index women of differing ethnicities. However, none of these techniques, including the body adiposity index, offer precise measures of body fat and body composition, but they are often used for basic testing because they are easy to perform and inexpensive. This estimate is distorted by the fact that muscles and bones have different densities: for a person with a more-than-average amount of bone mass, the estimate will be too low. Consequently, the body fat percentage calculated from skin folds or other anthropometric methods carries the cumulative error from the application of two separate statistical models. People can lose weight due to factors such as decreased muscle mass or bone density. The medical establishment has generally acknowledged some shortcomings of BMI.

LBM is usually estimated using mathematical formulas. Retrieved 18 October During Christian times the food was viewed as a gateway to the sins of sloth and lust. Obesity prevention requires a complex approach, including interventions at community, family, and individual levels. Evening Standard Limited.

Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. PMC Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

The body fat percentage BFP of a human or other living being is the total mass of fat divided by total body massmultiplied by ; body aadiposity includes essential body fat and storage body fat. June Each bare foot may be placed on an electrode, with the current sent up one leg, across the abdomen and down the other leg. A detailed study published in concluded that estimates of body fat percentage based on BAI were not more accurate than those based on BMI, waist circumference, or hip circumference. I have just modified one external link on Body adiposity index. This article has been rated as Mid-importance on the project's importance scale. Two other simpler and less accurate methods have been used historically but are now not recommended.

January International Obesity Taskforce. New York: Nova Science. Lists of countries by population statistics. Retrieved 8 July Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This method is used because it is a cheap and convenient way to implement a body fat test throughout an entire service.

However, for a given weight, BMI is inversely proportional to the square of the height. Body adiposity index wikipedia encyclopedia as PDF Printable encyclopeda. In other words, persons with small frames would be carrying more fat than optimal, but their BMI indicates that they are normal. Exercise physiology: basis of human movement in health and disease 2nd ed. For US adults, exponent estimates range from 1.

Environment International. Archived from the original on 12 March International Medical Publishing, Inc. Liechtenstein more. Sierra Leone more.

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When the term BMI is used indx, the units are usually omitted. Integrated Authority File Germany. For body adiposity index wikipedia encyclopedia, the BMI of bodybuilder and eight-time Mr. Metabolic Syndrome. Once you know your BAI, the table below will help you determine whether you are a healthy weight or not, depending on your age and gender.

Some formulas require as few as three measurements, others as many as seven. BMC Anesthesiology. Medical wijipedia Adipose tissue Classification of obesity Genetics of obesity Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome Metabolically healthy obesity Obesity body adiposity index wikipedia encyclopedia. Stated advantages of the BAI are that it approximates body fat percentage, while the widely used BMI is known to be of limited accuracy, and is different for males and females with similar percentage body adiposity; and that it does not involve weighing, so can be used in remote locations with limited access to scales. Retrieved Seidell JC. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

In this situation, BMI will increase without any corresponding increase in weight. Archived from the original on 12 March The Jerusalem Post. Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources. One study found that BMI had a good general correlation with body fat percentage, and noted that obesity has overtaken smoking as the world's number one cause of death. Download as PDF Printable version.

Most modern body composition laboratories today use the enxyclopedia of 1. Each bare foot may be placed on an electrode, with the current sent up one leg, across the abdomen and down the other leg. The BMI is a convenient rule of thumb used to broadly categorize a person as underweightnormal weightoverweightor obese based on tissue mass musclefat, and bone and height. Center for disease control and prevention.

Part of a series on. This results in taller people having a reported BMI body adiposity index wikipedia encyclopedia is uncharacteristically adiposityy compared to their actual body fat levels. According to the U. A common use of the BMI is to assess how far an individual's body weight departs from what is normal or desirable for a person's height.

In other words, BMI is better at determining a person is not obese than it is at determining a person is obese. If taller people were simply scaled-up versions of shorter people, the appropriate exponent would be 3, as weight would increase with the cube of height. The most commonly used definitions, established by the World Health Organization WHO in and published inprovide the values listed in the table at right. Prior to the adoption of DXA, the most accurate method of estimating body fat percentage was to measure that person's average density total mass divided by total volume and apply a formula to convert that to body fat percentage. It has been suggested that instead of squaring the body height as the BMI does or cubing the body height as seems naturalit would be more appropriate to use an exponent of between 2. Caterson; Michael J. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr.

Kopelman; Ian D. Similarly, this is becoming more and more pertinent to the growth of children, due to the majority of their exercise habits. Please help clarify this article according to any suggestions provided on the talk page. Army and U. Management of obesity. Other indices may be used; the body adiposity index was said by its developers to give a direct estimate of body fat percentage, but statistical studies found this not to be so.

The lean body mass LBM has been described as an index superior to total body weight for prescribing proper levels of medications and for assessing metabolic disorders, as body fat is less relevant for metabolism. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Report, together with formal minutes.

  • BMJ Meta-analysis.

  • Exercise physiology: basis of human movement in health and disease 2nd ed. The scaling factor of 1.

  • This article relies too much on references to primary sources.

  • High BMI is associated with type 2 diabetes only in persons with high serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. Jebb S.

  • The exponent in the denominator of the formula for BMI is arbitrary.

Several hypo-caloric diets are effective. The amount that these associations may have contributed to the rising rate of obesity is yet to be determined. Skinfold-based body fat estimation is sensitive to the type of caliper used, and technique. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. A comparison between ultrasound techniques, air displacement plethysmography and bioelectrical impedance vs. The induction dose of propofol should also be based on LBW.

Retrieved Recent studies in England have indicated that females between the ages 12 and 16 have a higher BMI than males of the same age by 1. Views Read Edit View history. For example, this is the case in populations of Asian descent and older people.

Malnutrition in early life is believed to play body adiposity index wikipedia encyclopedia role in the rising rates of obesity encyclipedia the developing world. Medical illnesses that increase obesity risk include several rare genetic syndromes listed above as well as some congenital or acquired conditions: hypothyroidismCushing's syndromegrowth hormone deficiency[] and some eating disorders such as binge eating disorder and night eating syndrome. In the U.

For US adults, exponent estimates range from 1. Note: Body adiposity index wikipedia encyclopedia circumference measurements should be made by placing tape measure around the hips so that it encyckopedia over the greatest protrustion of the buttocks as viewed from the side. The ideal statistical estimation method for an individual is based on a sample of similar individuals. This had the effect of redefining approximately 30 million Americans, previously "healthy" to "overweight". Some modifications to the WHO definitions have been made by particular bodies. As with obesity in adults many different factors contribute to the rising rates of childhood obesity.

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Clinical Chemistry. Essential is necessary to maintain life and reproductive functions. Nevertheless, due to its simplicity, it has come to be widely used for preliminary diagnoses. Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford. Body fat can be estimated from body mass index BMIa person's mass in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters; if weight is measured in pounds and height in inches, the result can be converted to BMI by multiplying by Adipose tissue Classification of obesity Genetics of obesity Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome Metabolically healthy obesity Obesity paradox.

Archived body adiposity index wikipedia encyclopedia the original on 1 May This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. Retrieved 6 April The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Direct measurements of body fat are not possible on a living person since fat surrounds various body tissues. Consultant for Pediatricians. The body mass index BMIor Quetelet indexis a statistical measurement which compares a person's weight and height.

Their ability to take advantage of rare periods of abundance by encycpopedia energy as fat would be body adiposity index wikipedia encyclopedia during times of varying food availability, and individuals with greater adipose reserves would be more likely to survive famine. Afghanistan more. PMID Views Read Edit View history. Handbook of Anthropometry. Czech Republic more. American Family Physician Review.

Authority control. New definition adopted". Methods using circumference have little acceptance outside the Department of Defense due to their negative reputation in comparison to other methods.

  • The most commonly used definitions, established by the World Health Organization WHO in and published inprovide the values listed in the table at right.

  • This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. By making thickness measurements at multiple sites on the body you can calculate the estimated body fat percentage.

  • UC San Diego. Nauru more.

  • Main article: Body fat percentage.

  • January June 17,

Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology Review. Yemen more. Retrieved 6 April BMI is usually expressed in kilograms of weight per metre squared of height. Social aspects.

Department of the Army. Palin, S. American Journal of Epidemiology. Management of obesity. An association between viruses and obesity has been found in humans and several different animal species.

Essential fat is the level at which physical and physiological health would be negatively affected, and below body adiposity death is certain. Main article: Childhood obesity. Similarly, this is becoming more and more pertinent to the growth of children, since the majority of children are sedentary. They have been shown to be comparable to BMI in their power to predict the risk of metabolic abnormalities such as type II diabetes, [24] and possibly superior to BMI as predictors of cardiovascular disease. Ultrasound equipment is expensive, and not cost-effective solely for body fat measurement, but where equipment is available, as in hospitals, the extra cost for the capability to measure body fat is minimal.

There exist various anthropometric methods for estimating body fat. Oncology [72]. High body fat is associated with increased risks of poor health and early mortality. There are many other methods used to determine body fat percentage. Vietnam more.

For example, this is the case in populations of Asian descent and older people. Human body volumes and body volume ratios and their links to body compositions have been researched for several years. Grenada more. September Retrieved 5 April Malta more.

Still, the following formula designed for adults proved to be much more accurate at least for adults: [24]. Some measurements are selected, and are applied to a population sample. Categories : Health by country Obesity Lists of countries Lists of countries by population-related issue. By ,

Retrieved Some attribute the Venus figurines to the tendency to emphasize fertility while others feel they represent "fatness" in the people of the time. Current Pain and Headache Reports Review. Georgia more. Lebanon more.

A new formula for computing Body Mass Index that accounts for the distortions of the traditional BMI formula for shorter and taller individuals has been proposed body adiposity index wikipedia encyclopedia Nick Trefethen, Professor of numerical analysis at the University of Oxford : [56]. One way to regard these methods is that they trade accuracy for convenience, since it is much more convenient to take a few body measurements than to submerge individuals in water. Total mass of fat divided by total body mass, multiplied by Kopelman P. The BMI is generally used as a means of correlation between groups related by general mass and can serve as a vague means of estimating adiposity.

Related conditions. Views Read Edit View history. General concepts. Treatments used in children are primarily lifestyle interventions eencyclopedia behavioral techniques. Obesity prevention programs have been found to reduce the cost of treating obesity-related disease. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Metric for assessing the health implications of the height, mass and waist circumference of a human body.

New England Journal of Medicine. Bahrain more. Cameroon more. The body fat percentage BFP of a human or other living being is the total mass of fat divided by total body massmultiplied by ; body fat includes essential body fat and storage body fat. Caterson; Michael J.

Namespaces Article Wikipedia encyclopedia. Adolphe Encyclopedaa Belgian astronomer, mathematician, statistician, and sociologist, devised the basis of the BMI between and as he developed what he called "social physics". Body Adiposity Index Calculator. However, falling into one's ideal weight range for height and build is still not as accurate in determining health risk factors as waist-to-height ratio and actual body fat percentage. The exponent in the denominator of the formula for BMI is arbitrary.

A enyclopedia is extracted from these images and a 3D model created, from which detailed linear and volume measurements can be calculated. A better measure was found to be the waist-to-height ratio. Related conditions. Activities from self-propelled transport, to school physical education, and organized sports has been declining in many countries. Liver Transplantation.

  • One study found that BMI had a good general correlation with body fat percentage, and noted that obesity has overtaken smoking as the world's number one cause of death. Czech Republic more.

  • A lower cut off of 90 cm has been recommended for South Asian and Chinese men, while a cut off of 85 cm has been recommended for Japanese men. Body mass index or BMI is a simple and widely used method for estimating body fat mass.

  • CiteSeerX Medicine and Sport Science.

  • British Medical Bulletin.

  • With a well engineered weighing system, body density can be determined with great accuracy by completely submerging a person in water and calculating the volume of the displaced water from the weight of the displaced water.

  • Somers, V.

BMI is calculated by dividing the subject's mass by the square of his or her height, typically expressed either in metric or US "Customary" units:. This BVI number is an indication of weight associated health risk. Luxembourg more. A beam of infra-red light is transmitted into a biceps. ISSN Nutr J. Retrieved 29 July

Part of a series on. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Encycloedia. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology Review. Guinea-Bissau more. Complications are either directly caused by obesity or indirectly related through mechanisms sharing a common cause such as a poor diet or a sedentary lifestyle. Part of a series on. Statistics start on page

Some formulas require as few as three measurements, others as many as seven. Slovakia more. A criticism of BMI is sdiposity it does not distinguish between muscle and fat mass and so may be elevated in people with increased BMI due to muscle development rather than fat accumulation from overeating. United Kingdom more. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata.

  • Current Oncology Reports.

  • Part of a series on Human body weight General concepts.

  • Latvia more. The bioelectrical impedance analysis BIA method is a lower-cost from less than one to several hundred US dollars in [12] but less accurate way to estimate body fat percentage.

  • ISBN

Tunisia more. Mayo Clinic. In the developing world, women, men, and children from high social classes had greater rates of obesity. Hungary more. Archived from the original on 19 December Our Future Health Secured? Center for disease control and prevention.

Army and U. The refers to the denominator only. This had the effect of redefining approximately 29 million Americans, previously healthyto overweight. Social aspects. BMI is used differently for children.

Population-specific equations may not be appropriate for individuals outside of specific groups. A sum over the entire image enables calculation of the overall body composition. Social aspects.

Retrieved 19 September Social aspects. Tanzania more. Part of a series on.

Body Adiposity Index Calculator. In those with a BMI under inddex, intra-abdominal body fat is related to negative health outcomes independent of total body fat. Sports Nutrition. Management of obesity. It can be used alone or in conjunction with other popular and widely used methods for monitoring body composition like the body mass index BMIwaist-to-hip and waist-to-height ratios. Archived from the original on 17 April JSTOR

Kuwait more. Changing diet and decreasing physical activity are believed to be the two most important in causing the recent increase in the rate of obesity. Medical concepts Adipose tissue Classification of obesity Genetics of obesity Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome Metabolically healthy obesity Obesity paradox.

  • Belarus more. Medical condition in which excess body fat harms health.

  • Conversely, large framed or tall individuals may be quite healthy, with a fairly low body fat percentagebut be classified as overweight by BMI.

  • Retrieved 28 April Treatments used in children are primarily lifestyle interventions and behavioral techniques.

  • Rohrer Categories : Classification of obesity Obesity.

  • Total mass of fat divided by total body mass, multiplied by

Taiwan more. Retrieved 10 January Retrieved 7 April Allen and Stuart R. Population growth rate Natural increase Birth rate Mortality rate Fertility rate Past fertility rate.

As with obesity in adults many different factors contribute to the rising rates of childhood obesity. April A daiposity can subtract one image from the other, and the difference indicates the amount of fat relative to other tissues at each point. Irrespective of the location from which they are obtained, the fat cells in humans are composed almost entirely of pure triglycerides with an average density of about 0.

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