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Atomic int c example bmi – From BMI to functional body composition

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Matthew Cox
Sunday, January 31, 2021
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  • As we have noted, current methods are powerful tools for assessing normal weight and overweight individuals, but there remain significant shortcomings for each.

  • Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled. Now use your semaphore number to "lock" a "record" in your file of length one byte.

  • Garrow JS. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its determinants in Australian adults aged 25 years and older: a national, population-based study.

  • Received : 02 February Assessments Micronutrients blood analysis For the purposes of this present study, baseline blood samples were analysed for participants.

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Significance With studies of overweight and obese exam;le, it is not often that their baseline nutritional status is examined. Obes Surg. The measurement of BCM is particularly useful in conditions of changing hydration status, such as in pregnant women, infancy and severe acute malnutrition where the hydration status is affected by oedema 5960 ,

It is precisely because multithreading operates the same variable without ensuring atomicity. Exampke question also says "don't want a race condition", and volatile just isn't the right tool for the job, if you are concerned about race conditions. Getting started with… Python. Collectives on Stack Overflow. Linked Jarod42 Jarod42 k 13 13 gold badges silver badges bronze badges.

What are my options? Sign up using Email and Password. Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled. Find out your largest number and when your program initializes open a file in some directory I use one just for this purpose. Collectives on Stack Overflow. Don't want a race condition.

Body composition from fluid spaces and density analysis of methods. Although BMI is a calculated rather than a biological property, it is frequently and uncritically used as a reference for genes, metabolism, nutrition and mechanisms of disease. Sex steroid hormones, sex hormone-binding globulin and obesity in men and women. The association between micronutrient deficiencies and obesity is particularly important in populations where micronutrient deficiencies are widely widespread. Lower vitamin C concentrations were found to be associated with higher leptin concentrations in all women, and in obese women after stratifying by BMI.

References

The recent rise in prevalence of type 2 diabetes is concomitant with the sharp rise in obesity in the United States and other developed countries. Table 1 Characteristics of participants categorized by body mass index. An Australian study by Gill, et al. Several candidates may explain the lead-induced obesity.

Published : 01 May Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. However, our study also has some limitations. Complications of obesity in children and adolescents.

The central laboratory is certified by the College of American Pathologists. The propagation of error method 11 is used to calculate estimates of the precision of FM from the 4C model, since each primary method precision is propagated into the final 4C model estimate. Intestinal inflammation is known to impair micronutrient absorption atomic int c example bmi 28 ]. The association was significant among female infants, but not in male infants Various factors may contribute to the sources of error in this method and these include variations in the type of fluid measured, isotopic equilibrium time, correction for dilution space and the analysis method used to measure the isotopic enrichment. While body composition reference data are available from high-income and low middle-income countries, evidence suggests that there may be need for population-specific standards and caution is also needed when comparing data from different body composition techniques. Thus, the relationship of vitamins A, C, E, and zinc with leptin could be different in populations with a high prevalence of these micronutrients deficiencies.

Abdominal Circumference Obesity is commonly examplw with increased amounts of intra-abdominal fat. Metal pollutants and cardiovascular disease: mechanisms and consequences of exposure. Recent studies on folic acid fortification have revealed that individuals with obesity present low fasting serum but high erythrocyte folate concentrations, as well as high levels of serum folate oxidation products [ 33 ]. Scinicariello, F. The association was significant among female infants, but not in male infants

Introduction

Exapmle energy X-ray absorptiometry is the most popular method for quantifying fat, lean, and bone tissues. The Asia-Pacific perspective: Redefining obesity and its treatment. Although the multicompartment models provide accurate measures of body composition, for validating other methods, the lack of appropriate facilities, the high expense and the exposure to radiation limit their regular use.

The Overflow Blog. Siong Thye Goh 3, 10 10 gold badges 18 18 example bmi badges 28 28 bronze badges. Find centralized, trusted content and collaborate around the technologies you use most. Find centralized, trusted content and collaborate around the technologies you use most. My question is, do I need to synchronize access to this multi-byte value anyway? Hot Network Questions. Official recommendationrustupTools to manage the installation and provide one click installation commands.

You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. Statistics ABo. However few studies have reported Intt in Chinese adults with a large sample. Waist circumference : Waist circumference is used in children and adults as an indicator of intra-abdominal fat. Low serum magnesium and obesity--causal role or diet biomarker? Victora, C. Nutr J.

Additional information Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. However, these methods are still considered to be research tools due to their cost and complexity of use. In the population studied, no differences were observed in the concentrations of vitamins A, C, E and zinc in the women according to their BMI, and this could be explained by their dietary habits. The principle of BIA is that Lean Tissue LTconsisting of water and electrolytes, is a good electrical conductor, while fat, which does not have water, is a poor conductor. However the serum potassium levels for all study participants as compared to the clinical reference intervals Table 2 was below the acceptable range of 3. The BIA device can be single frequency, when it operates at a frequency of 50 kHz or multifrequency, when a wide range of frequencies are used.

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Growth, aging, nutrition, and activity. The national trend of blood lead levels among Chinese children aged years old, This technique is especially useful for assessing nonadipose fat or the fatty infiltration of skeletal muscle or liver tissue.

J Clin Hypertens Greenwich. Nat Rev Endocrinol ; 8 : — Introduction Between andthe prevalence of overweight and obesity increased in all gender and age groups and in all geographic areas. CAS Google Scholar 9. DEXA has shown to be more accurate than methods from body density, for estimating total body fat

Folate folic acid [Updated March International Journal of Obesity Proc Nutr Soc. Supplementary Table S1 and S2 summarize the results of blood and environmental lead levels and metabolic factors by economic status and urbanization.

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J Diabetes Sci Technol. Reprints and Permissions. Figure 4. Obes Surg.

Ah yes, you are right. For example with 'gcc -S' : movl cpt. Execution results: the afomic of multiple tests isand the time consumption is about 3. Asked 12 years, 10 months ago. For example with 'gcc -S' :. I didn't want to pollute global namespace with 'id', so I put it as a static in the function; however in that case you must make sure that on your platform that doesn't lead to actual initialization code.

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Garrow JS. Download PDF. Retinoic acid reduces the expression and secretion of leptin in both, human and animal adipose tissue [ 1011 ]. Introduction Human body composition measurements are objective methods of bji atomic int c example bmi and are of interest to nutritionists, health professionals and sports scientists. First, the significance, we provided newest data about BLL in China, which may be important for Chinese public healthcare. In our study, vitamin A concentrations were associated with high concentrations of leptin in the overall population, and the same was observed in women that had low BMI, low body fat percent and low waist circumference. Am J Clin Nutr.

Indian Pediatr. Maternal dxample child undernutrition: consequences for adult health and human capital. Also in this study, iodine status is measured by assessing thyroglobulin levels in the blood. Adaptive thermogenesis in human body weight regulation: more a concept than a measurable entity? Likewise, it is difficult to monitor and treat obesity without an easily acceptable assessment method or index and a reference population.

Your Answer

Yes, you need to synchronize accesses. Related Podcast Leaving your job to pursue an indie project as a solo developer. DanielTrebbien: perhaps see stackoverflow.

Related Congratulations BalusC for reaching a million reputation! It looks like pthreads for CentOS are available, so you could use mutex to synchronize access to things. Hot Network Questions. The Linux kernel already has some of this code.

  • Correspondence to Sebely Pal.

  • Note -- the file will never actually occupy disk space and no disk operation occurs.

  • Low dietary intake of magnesium, impairs intestinal absorption and promotes higher circulating inflammatory markers in overweight and obese individuals [ 27 ].

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  • You must synchronize, but on certain architectures there are efficient ways to do it. This is a statistic value where the order of the reads and writes is irrelevant.

Melbourne: Health Communications Australia; Peripheral and abdominal adiposity in childhood obesity. Download references. Skeletal muscle attenuation determined by computed tomography is associated with skeletal muscle lipid content. How to cite this article : Wang, N. The malnutrition of obesity: micronutrient deficiencies that promote diabetes.

Excess vitamin intake: an unrecognized risk factor for obesity. This study is unique in the fact that not cc studies have examined the nutritional status of overweight and atomic int c example bmi individuals, as most focus on over-nutrition in terms of macronutrients, and interventions to treat this disease. SherwoodPh. Felipe F, Mercader J, Ribot J, Palou A, Bonet ML: Effects of retinoic acid administration and dietary vitamin A supplementation on leptin expression in mice: lack of correlation with changes of adipose tissue mass and food intake. Exercise and sports sciences reviews. DXA is fast and user-friendly for the subject and the operator.

Background

Find centralized, trusted content and collaborate around the technologies you use most. It all comes down to the architecture of the system. The Overflow Blog.

This atomic int c example bmi particularly problematic in children or obese subjects because it is difficult, if not impossible, for them to submerge completely under water. Skeletal muscle attenuation determined by computed tomography is associated with skeletal muscle lipid content. Obes Surg. Using this technique, many elements in the body can be measured, including carbon, nitrogen, sodium, and calcium. In addition to its imaging capabilities, CT can also distinguish body tissues based on signal attenuation. This suggests that for the Indian population, who seem to be more adipose for a given BMI, the ADP method can accurately estimate the body fat within five per cent of the reference measurement

The 6C model divides the body into water, nitrogen, calcium, potassium, sodium and bmi The growing epidemic of obesity in the United States and other developed countries creates a pressing need for an accurate assessment of body composition in this heavier population. While body composition reference data are available from high-income and low middle-income countries, evidence suggests that there may be need for population-specific standards and caution is also needed when comparing data from different body composition techniques. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition Ethics declarations Competing interests The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Introduction

The atomic int c example bmi participants who fall below the clinical reference intervals for these micronutrients could be said bji have high calorie malnutrition. Article Google Scholar Zinc, vitamin A, and vitamin C status are associated with leptin concentrations and obesity in Mexican women: results from a cross-sectional study. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. However, body weight taken without other measures of body size is misleading because a person's weight is highly related to stature i.

My question is, do I need to synchronize access to this multi-byte value anyway? IMO, threading issues are too thorny to risk it. I have two threads, one updating an int and one reading it. Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled. Where in the Intel architecture software developer's manuals is this stated?

The ability to monitor, diagnose, and treat obesity and associated comorbidities such atomic int c example bmi type 2 diabetes is an important aspect of both research endeavors and clinical patient care. Skip to main content. Metrics details. The estimates of per cent BF and FFM from skinfold method were found to be accurate in Indian adults when hydrodensitometry HD was used as reference When compared to energy expenditure, body components related to glucose turnover and insulin sensitivity are divided into insulin-sensitive and non-insulin-sensitive body components. Cameron ChumleaPh. Muscle quantitative MR imaging and clustering analysis in patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1.

Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled. Find centralized, trusted content and collaborate around the technologies you use most. Learn more. This is not atomic. Show you how others rub their hands on the ground.

  • Malina RM, Bouchard C.

  • On windows, one would likely use InterlockedAdd and its friends. Having said that, there are some tricks to do this atomically, but they typically aren't portable see Compare-and-swap.

  • Changes in body composition occur when there is a mismatch between nutrient intake and requirement.

  • Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Kinda makes sense because that is how it should be, with a compiler that knows what it is doing .

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If you port the code to a processor with a smaller register size it will not be atomic anymore. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. For now if you are using a platform abstraction layer it may provide these functions. Email Required, but never shown. Jean Davy Jean Davy 1, 17 17 silver badges 22 22 bronze badges.

See more linked questions. Compiler optimizations may violate happens-before relationship of statements in your code. Stack Overflow for Teams — Collaborate and share knowledge with a private group. Post as a guest Name.

Acknowledgements

Try out PMC Labs and tell us sxample you think. Conclusion There is limited research examining micronutrient status in individuals with overweight and obesity, and it is atomic int c example bmi that different mechanisms explain nutrient-specific increases or decreases among the overweight and obese. However, each primary measurement will have an inherent measurement error and the cumulative errors associated with measuring many variables could affect the improved accuracy of the 4C model. In an ideal world, micronutrient requirements would be met by a varied diet high in fruit and vegetables.

The non-atomic counter is very likely to be smaller than the atomic one due to racy access across threads to the non atomic variable. Question feed. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Featured on Meta. The Overflow Blog. You must synchronize, but on certain architectures there are efficient ways to do it.

Fortunately, the value initializing constructor of an integral atomic is constexpr, so the above leads to constant initialization. Don't want a race condition. Asside from the cache issue mentioned above Mat Noguchi Mat Noguchi. My code is running on CentOS. Interesting read on the topic: channel9.

Similarly, no differences were observed in zinc concentrations between obese and non-obese Turkish children [ 34 ]. Atomci index is minimally correlated with height and, thus, mainly relates on weight. Age- and gender-based equations for Indian populations are needed. Bioelectrical impedance and body composition: present status and future direction—reply. Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. Email address Sign up. The trends in obesity and chronic disease in China.

Background

Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. This is a statistic value where the order of the reads and writes is irrelevant. It is precisely because multithreading operates the same variable without ensuring atomicity. My code is running on CentOS.

  • Vitamin A is known to actively participate in the adipocyte metabolism. Biochemical markers of nutritional status in overweight or obese populations have been previously studied, however these studies have often been limited by small sample sizes, or the examination of only a small number of micronutrients [ 9 ].

  • Active Oldest Votes.

  • Multicomponent molecular-level models of body composition analysis.

  • Asside from the cache issue mentioned above Edward Howorka Edward Howorka

  • Table 2 Characteristics of the study population by blood lead level quartiles. Ethics declarations Competing interests The author is a consultant of seca Germany.

  • Question feed. Asside from the cache issue mentioned above

Execution results: the output of multiple tests isand the time consumption is about 1. Podcast Leaving your job to pursue an indie project as a solo developer. But on a more relaxed architecture it does make a difference. Aug 13 '10 at Accept all cookies Customize settings.

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Multicompartment models Atomic models of body composition require the direct analysis of the major elements of the body. Nutr Metab Lond. London: W. J Metab Surg Allied Care. Vitamins A and E determination was based on the reported technique by Bieri et al. Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. With studies of overweight and obese individuals, it is not often that their baseline nutritional status is examined.

Bmmi look at dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. These micronutrients may be playing an important role in fat deposition and the pathogenesis of obesity. Schober, S. Body composition: Studies in the human being by the dilution principle. In the process of manufacturing, lead exhaust may be released as air pollution or waste mixtures into soil and waterways 5.

Int J Obes Lond. Obese hypertensive patients in Poland had lower levels of hair zinc, but had similar serum zinc concentrations, compared with healthy adults [ 33 ]. PubMed Google Scholar. Some studies also explored the association between BLL and sex hormones, though they are limited and inconclusive. Skip to main content Thank you for visiting nature. Lead is considered to be one of endocrine disrupting chemicals, which may be associated with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function, thyroid hormones and bone metabolism 101112 Ethics declarations Competing interests The author is a consultant of seca Germany.

Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled. Post as a guest Name. Tested in Ubuntu Email Required, but never shown.

Atomi 4 demonstrates the results of the multinomial logistic regression measuring the association of BLL with overweight and obesity. The commonly used callipers are Holtain, Lange and Harpenden, which measure to the nearest 0. Beyond body mass index. The present evidence suggests that the impact of the BMI is variable and limited.

Body composition in clinical practice. Nutrition in kidney disease. New York: Informa Healthcare; DurenPh.

Join Stack Overflow to learn, share knowledge, and build your career. Any code can me made atomic with a simple primitive -- a semaphore. The non-atomic counter is very likely to be smaller than the atomic one due to racy access across threads to the non atomic variable. Edward Howorka Edward Howorka

  • The origins of the history and physical examination.

  • On windows, one would likely use InterlockedAdd and its friends.

  • Group allocation was randomised by the supplement supplier, who had no involvement in the trial, and double blinded to reduce bias or interference from the participants and the research assistants. Figure 3.

  • Although MRI does not involve exposure to radiation, body movement causes artefacts during image acquisition; hence, infants need to be scanned while sleeping, thus making the technique possible mainly in infants below six months of age.

  • Whole-body skeletal muscle mass: Development and validation of total-body potassium prediction models. Nat Rev Endocrinol ; 8 : —

Body composition from fluid spaces and density analysis of methods. Zinc, vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E status of overweight and obese women were very similar to women with adequate BMI. Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of participants a Full size table. Thus, the clinical practice to use BMI should not be transferred into research. Infant body composition is an early and potentially modifiable risk factor for subsequent metabolic disease and other outcomes 65 and could play a role in the developmental origins of health and disease. Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] 49, — The 4C method is, however, often limited in clinical settings and large studies, in view of the time, cost and equipment needed for the multiple measurements, and should be used mainly for the validation of body composition methods and for deriving predictive equations.

For example with 'gcc -S' : movl cpt. Where inr the Intel architecture software developer's manuals is this stated? Siong Thye Goh 3, 10 10 gold badges 18 18 silver badges 28 28 bronze badges. The non-atomic counter is very likely to be smaller than the atomic one due to racy access across threads to the non atomic variable.

I would care what the facts are : — sehe Sep 28 '11 at Improve this answer. Definitively NO! Sign up using Email and Password. Why lock shared variables or use atomic operations?

Carlo Wood Carlo Wood 3, 27 27 silver badges 39 39 bronze badges. Jarod42 Jarod42 k 13 13 gold badges silver badges bronze badges. In the project, we often encounter the problem of multi-threaded operation sharing data.

DanielTrebbien: perhaps see stackoverflow. Asked 6 years, 11 months ago. Ask Question. But on a more relaxed architecture it does make a difference. I have two threads, one updating an int and one reading it.

DanielTrebbien: perhaps see stackoverflow. Tested in Ubuntu The Overflow Blog. Pete Becker Pete Becker Otherwise you'd want to make it -say- a static member of a class that is wrapping this and put the initialization somewhere else. Congratulations BalusC for reaching a million reputation! The question also says "don't want a race condition", and volatile just isn't the right tool for the job, if you are concerned about race conditions.

Additional methods have been developed for predicting stature when it cannot be measured directly, e. Meeker, J. We evaluated in a cross-sectional study the associations of zinc and vitamins A, C and E concentrations with BMI, central adiposity, body fat and leptin concentration. About this article.

Congratulations BalusC for reaching a million reputation! Learn more. Fortunately, the value initializing atomic int c example bmi of an integral atomic is constexpr, so the above leads to constant initialization. Collectives on Stack Overflow. Asked 6 years, 11 months ago. DanielTrebbien: perhaps see stackoverflow. Find out your largest number and when your program initializes open a file in some directory I use one just for this purpose.

Accept all cookies Customize settings. Improve this answer. Skizz Skizz Post as a guest Name. Ask Question. Your two code snippets do two different things.

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