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2014 body mass index chart – Body mass index - BMI

Underappreciated pioneers. Your BMI is , indicating your weight is in the category for adults of your height.

Matthew Cox
Monday, April 19, 2021
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  • Harper AE.

  • It is of some interest that accumulation of fat in the lower body at puberty in females is unique to humans, is not present in any of the great apes, and most likely is estrogen mediated.

  • Thinness and weight loss: beneficial or detrimental to longevity? Comparison of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometric and anthropometric measures of adiposity in relation to adiposity-related biologic factors.

  • WHO child growth standards.

How Do I Interpret Body Mass Index Information?

Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. The relatively poor correlation between percent of body fat mass and BMI in males has been known for many years 16 and was clearly shown in a study in which percent of body fat was determined by a densitometric method. Clearly, location of fat in this area would help to maintain mobility.

A study published 2014 body mass index chart Journal of the American Medical Association JAMA in showed that overweight people had a death rate similar to normal weight people as defined by BMI, while underweight and obese people had a higher death rate. Evidence for a strong genetic influence on childhood adiposity despite the force of the obesogenic environment. Identification and characterization of metabolically benign obesity in humans. The influence of obesity on longevity.

The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially. Obes Rev. Thus, index chart people tend to marry other obese people and, parenthetically, to produce obese children. During and after puberty, boys accumulate a relatively large amount of lean mass bone and muscle but not fat mass. PLoS Med.

Calculate Your BMI

Insurance mortality experience. Ann Intern Med 5; 1 : 10— St Paul Pioneer Press. More recently, the degree of rotundity considered ideal also has varied considerably in the general population, but particularly for young women.

Any more questions about the SBMI? Dorsey waited for this bulge to reverse with a move back below Healthy Eating. Normal weight obesity: a risk factor for cardiometabolic dysregulation and cardiovascular mortality.

Show sources information Show publisher information. Hormonal changes and sexual function in aging men. Am J Phys Anthropol. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Index chart ijdex is not surprising because a markedly reduced BMI, theoretically and actually, would be incompatible with life because of an excessive reduction in lean as well as fat mass as a result of under nutrition 28 or disease. Calculations in SharpCharts extend back two years, which makes the exponential moving average calculation more robust. People with BMIs in this range have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease.

A particular problem with BMI as an index of obesity is that it does not differentiate between body lean mass and body fat mass; that is, a person can have a high BMI but still have a very low fat mass and vice versa. Even in a young person, being overweight or obese can cause health problems. You only have access to basic statistics. With your eyes facing forward and your heels together, stand very straight against a wall. Large fluctuations in body weight during young adulthood and twenty-five-year risk of coronary death in men. Gannon for reading the manuscript and making numerous helpful comments.

Questions About BMI

Fewer joint and chart pains More energy and greater ability to indx in desired activities Better regulation of bodily fluids and blood pressure Reduced burden on your heart and circulatory system Better sleep patterns Reductions in blood triglycerides, blood glucose, and risk of developing type 2 diabetes Reduced risk for heart disease and certain cancers BMI is an indicator of the amount of body fat for most people. Archived from the original on 1 May Acta Anat Basel.

Survival during fasting may depend on fat as well as protein stores. That increases your risk for heart diseases and stroke. Adult BMI Calculator. Section Navigation. J Intern Med. BMI is calculated by dividing the body weight in kilograms by height in meter square.

Charr and after puberty, boys accumulate a relatively large amount of chart mass bone and muscle but not fat mass. Based on data in the literature, there are several additional problems in determining associations between BMI and overall death rate or, more specifically, cardiovascular events or death rates. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. Hips in.

Introduction

Human Nature. The indirect methods currently index chart use for estimating total percent of body fat include underwater weighing, an air displacement and density determination using a Bod Pod, a bioelectrical impedance analyzer, and a determination of the isotopically labeled water mass. A Personal Perspective Regarding the Obesity Epidemic Currently there are 4 truths regarding historical changes in body weights and the prevalence of obesity.

  • Couzin-Frankel J. From an anatomical and metabolic perspective, the term obesity should index chart to an excessive accumulation of body fat triacylglycerolsand upon these grounds, the accuracy of the BMI as a determinant of body fat mass has been repeatedly questioned, 1639 — 4146 — 48 because it clearly has limitations in this regard.

  • Large-size, field-event athletes, body-builders, weight lifters, heavy weight wrestlers and boxers, professional football players are all in risk of being misclassified.

  • That is, it is not symmetrical but is always skewed to the right, that is, toward a higher ratio of weight body mass to height.

  • Smoking impairs appetite per se.

The weight excess 2014 body deficiency may, in part, be accounted for by body fat adipose tissue although other factors such as muscularity also affect BMI significantly see discussion below and overweight. Prior to puberty, boys and girls tend to be lean and not much different in this regard. Also particularly in women, the accumulation of fat in certain areas of the body is considered to be much more acceptable than in other areas. Retrieved 8 July This had the effect of redefining approximately 29 million Americans, previously healthyto overweight. International Journal of Epidemiology. For them, the waist circumference, the skinfold thickness or more direct methods of measuring body fat may be more useful measures than BMI.

This table shows us that a woman who is 5 ft. The influence of body fat distribution on the incidence of diabetes mellitus. Acta Anat Basel. How good is BMI as an indicator of body fatness? Open in a separate window.

For More Information

A particular problem with BMI as an index of obesity is that it 2014 body mass index chart not differentiate between body lean mass and body fat mass; that is, a person can have a high BMI but still have a very low fat mass and vice versa. The EPIC data suggest that where fat is accumulated is much more important than merely the BMI, with the exception of those with an exceeding large total fat mass. Based on data in the literature, there are several additional problems in determining associations between BMI and overall death rate or, more specifically, cardiovascular events or death rates.

This is not only due to societal concepts of an ideal degree of fatness, but also due to thinness being a goal promulgated by the fashion industry and reinforced by commercial advertising. The calculation is fairly straightforward. Note that the risk of death is not the only negative outcome associated with being underweight or overweight. Generally, it is considered to be due to hormonal changes. CDC is not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal or private website. Srikanthan P, Karlamangla AS.

A single threshold value of waist girth identifies normal-weight and overweight subjects with excess visceral adipose tissue. In other words, persons with bofy frames would be carrying more fat than optimal, but their BMI indicates that they are normal. Another issue is that the treatment status of the previously mentioned cardiovascular risk factors often is unknown or not stated; that is, the efficacy of treatment is rarely considered. Addict Behav. It is centered in the to BMI range.

  • Indeed, for any given BMI, a 5-cm increase in circumference increased the risk of death by a factor of 1. Insurance mortality experience.

  • We have entertained the idea of developing a calculator specific to women but having a separate BMI score for women doesn't seem to be supported by medical science.

  • J Clin Invest. BMJ, p.

  • Basic Account.

  • The percentiles are then used to determine the different weight groups:.

Excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity. The influence of body fat distribution on the incidence of diabetes mellitus. Int J Obes Lond. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

Colours indicate BMI categories defined by the World Health Chxrt underweightnormal weightoverweightmoderately obeseseverely obese and very severely obese. BMI is also recommended for use in children and adolescents. Also, numerous comorbidities, lifestyle issues, gender, ethnicities, medically significant familial-determined mortality effectors, duration of time one spends in certain BMI categories, and the expected accumulation of fat with aging are likely to significantly affect interpretation of BMI data, particularly in regard to morbidity and mortality rates. Body weight and longevity. In addition, the potential pool of mates is limited because of their perceived unattractiveness.

Adult Body Mass Index

Also, in the earlier study, the mortality rate was lowest in those with higher weight-to-height ratios. BMI is used differently for children. Archived from the original on

The obese without cardiometabolic risk factor clustering and the normal weight with cardiometabolic risk factor clustering: prevalence and correlates of 2 phenotypes among the US population NHANES — The effects of changes in smoking prevalence on obesity prevalence in the United States. Dulloo AG. Singh D.

Some well-trained people with dense muscle mass may have a charrt BMI score but very little body fat. The relatively poor correlation between percent of body fat mass and BMI in males has been known for many years 16 and was clearly shown in a study in which percent of body fat was determined by a densitometric method. Am J Clin Nutr. The homeostatic body weight regulation. The public health and economic benefits of taxing sugar-sweetened beverages.

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Waist-to-hip ratio WHR is another index of body fat distribution. The latter are currently being much better treated than in that era. It should be understood that in Western population-based studies, generally the mean or median BMI is about 24 to All of the above are significant issues.

  • Also in this study, the overall greatest mortality risk was in those individuals with the lowest BMI and not those with the highest BMI. Adoption of the BMI as an Index of Obesity InKeys et al 16 severely criticized the validity of Metropolitan Life Insurance published data per se, and the then-published tables of desirable weight for height, as well as the tables used to define people who were underweight or overweight.

  • Association of bodyweight with total mortality and with cardiovascular events in coronary artery disease: a systematic review of cohort studies.

  • Smaller effects are seen in prospective cohort studies which lend to support active mobility as a means to prevent a further increase in BMI. For example, an adult who weighs 70 kg and whose height is 1.

  • A BMI of less than

  • Save statistic in.

Use a weight scale on a hard, flat, uncarpeted surface. The result was that thinness was not only desirable but also required. Health, United States, In Brief. Footnotes The author has no conflicts of interest to disclose.

ALSO READ: Fight Obesity With Golden Seal

Benn Masd. Obesity and Leanness. Himes JH, Bouchard C. The relationship chart weight-height indices of obesity to body fat content. Mathematical Adjustment of Body Build Mathematically, the issue of adjusting body build for differences in height was approached with the concept that the body, particularly the trunk, could be considered as being a 3-dimensional volume or mass. Lastly, current evidence indicates there is a wide range of BMIs over which mortality risk is modest, and this is age related. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes has increased, but overall the cardiovascular death rate has decreased dramatically.

Ann N Y Acad Sci. Are there persons who are obese, but metabolically healthy? You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. If your BMI is Anthropometric reference data and prevalence of overweight, United States,

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Related Topics. Excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity. He noted that accumulation of fat in the upper part of the body versus the lower part of the body was associated with an increased risk for coronary heart disease, diabetes, and also gallstones and gout.

  • Retrieved 7 April

  • You can also calculate your own BMI.

  • Download as PDF Printable version.

  • As indicated above, this often depends on a general concept of societal norms or is due to peer pressure.

Bidy and trends in obesity among US adults, The most important statistics. 2014 body mass index chart Rev. Alternatively, if BMI continues to be used, the categories and definitions should be changed to reflect the current distribution of BMIs in the general population. This again indicates the importance of the location of body fat in addition to the total amount of fat accumulated. Distribution of adipose tissue and risk of cardiovascular disease and death: a 12 year follow up of participants in the population study of women in Gothenburg, Sweden. Doctors and nurses often use BMI to help find out if a person might have a weight problem.

ALSO READ: Effects Fast Food Has On Obesity

Fatness as a Medical Issue Not only the societal but also the functional and indirectly the medical consequences of an excessive accumulation of fat also have been recognized for millennia. Am J Clin Nutr. She is considered obese BMI is 30 or more if she is closer to pounds or more. Waist circumference and weight following smoking cessation in a general population: the Inter99 study. One cannot do serial sections of the body using CT to determine fat mass because of the excess radiation associated with this procedure. What is the body mass index BMI? Obesity and efforts to lose weight.

Cancel Continue. Improvment of some unclear text elements. Masw SM. Waist circumference is the distance around your natural waist 2014 body mass index chart the iliac crest — or hip bone. Associations of body mass index and anthropometric indicators of fat mass and fat free mass with all-cause mortality among women in the first and second National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys follow-up studies. NuttallMD, PhD. In Statista.

MeSH terms

Because of their convenience, bioelectric impedance methods or DEXA scans are the most commonly used to estimate the amount and, with DEXA scans, the location of body fat depots. What are other ways to assess excess body fatness? Int J Obes. This was attributed to the presence in the population of wasting diseases such as tuberculosis that resulted in an increased death rate.

In an analysis of 40 mss involvingpeople, patients with coronary artery disease with normal BMIs were at higher risk of death from cardiovascular disease than people whose BMIs put them in the overweight range BMI 25— Main articles: Waist-to-height ratio and Waist-to-hip ratio. Thus, obese people tend to marry other obese people and, parenthetically, to produce obese children. Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic.

2014 body mass index chart you should know about the BMI. Prev Med. In summary, there undex a large range of BMIs over which there is little association with the death rate. Its location also can be determined. Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers. Generally, it is considered to be due to hormonal changes.

Obesity is defined as a 2014 body mass index chart of Footnotes The author has no conflicts of interest to disclose. Frank Q. Generally, the range is from a BMI of 21 up to and often including Like any other measure it is not perfect because it is only dependant on height and weight and it does not take into consideration different levels of adiposity based on age, physical activity levels and sex.

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

A BMI of less than Normal weight obesity: a risk factor for index chart dysregulation and cardiovascular mortality. The death rate from malignancies is decreasing, and there has been a remarkable improvement in longevity, which is continuing. One cannot do serial sections of the body using CT to determine fat mass because of the excess radiation associated with this procedure.

Including this widget on your application will allow xhart to calculate their BMI and see the corresponding weight category. In this study, both the 2014 body mass index chart and adjusted relative risk of death among men was actually the lowest in those with a BMI of J Clin Epidemiol. The WHO definition applies only for adults, hence the light-green area begins at the age of 20 years. It is used as a screening tool to identify whether an adult is at a healthy weight.

  • Accurate frame size calculators use several measurements wrist circumference, elbow width, neck circumference, and others to determine what category an individual falls into for a given height. Nutrition Today.

  • Gaesser GA.

  • Please review our privacy policy.

  • If an athlete or other person with a lot of muscle has a BMI over 25, is that person still considered to be overweight? Am Psychol.

Archived from the original on xhart August Managing the Global Epidemic of Obesity. Because of this, the standards have varied over the past few decades. It is time to move beyond the BMI as a surrogate for determining body fat mass. Understanding Adult Obesity. Despite all the criticisms, the Metropolitan Life Tables criteria for defining obesity were widely used in the United States until the early s.

Depot-specific hormonal characteristics of subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue and their relation to the metabolic syndrome. When boy pounds and inches, the formula 2014 body mass index chart to be altered slightly. All of the above are significant issues. In contrast, the dark-green range represents no elevated risk at all. Quetelet: man and index. Inthe International Obesity Task Force expanded the number of BMI categories to include different degrees of obesity and changed the terminology modestly.

More BMI Charts

Blackburn H, Parlin RW. McPherson R. Seven-year changes in body fat and visceral adipose tissue in women. Relationships between the body mass index and body composition. One study found that BMI had a good general correlation with body fat percentage, and noted that obesity has overtaken smoking as the world's number one cause of death.

Although Dorsey set the bulge threshold at 27, chartists should consider a lower threshold to produce more signals. Weigh yourself to indexx nearest 2014 body mass index chart. The relatively poor correlation between percent of body fat mass and BMI in males has been known for many years 16 and was clearly shown in a study in which percent of body fat was determined by a densitometric method. Mass Index. Please note that the dark and light-green ranges do not represent the same risk level.

ALSO READ: Policies To Combat Childhood Obesity

Generally, the range is from a BMI of 21 up to and often including New York: Nova Science. The dramatic decrease in smoking is likely to have been a contributor. A reassessment. Obesity is defined as a BMI of

Maes mass index and percent body fat: a meta analysis among different obesity reward groups. However, as with its use to estimate percent of body fat, it is a rather crude approach. Including this widget on your application will allow people to calculate their BMI and see the corresponding weight category. Also, a significant increase in risk of death was present only among those with a BMI of less than 21 or greater than Depot-specific hormonal characteristics of subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue and their relation to the metabolic syndrome. Adapted from Rony. It is a dimensionless number and is unit-independent.

Instead, Keys et al, using better documented weight for height data, popularized the Quetelet Index in population-based studies. Association with indexes of plasma glucose-insulin homeostasis. Firstly, it takes age and sex into account, besides weight and height. Both sexes are pooled because the sex-specific differences in the minimal risk curve are only negligible. The tool does the conversions for you. Indeed, for any given BMI, a 5-cm increase in circumference increased the risk of death by a factor of 1. Healthy Eating.

Related Articles

Depot-specific hormonal characteristics of subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue and their relation to the metabolic syndrome. Countries with highest adult average body mass index Body mass index BMI of individuals in Greece inby gender Children at risk of obesity in Scotlandby gender Body mass index of individuals in Englandby gender and household income Average body mass index BMI among adolescent girls in rural and urban India Lifestyle habits among U. Show detailed source information? BMI as a Determinant of Body Fat Mass A particular problem with BMI as an index of obesity is that it does not differentiate between body lean mass and body fat mass; that is, a person can have a high BMI but still have a very low fat mass and vice versa.

High risk of developing heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes mellitus. Cancel Continue. Distribution of adipose chaet and risk of cardiovascular disease and death: a 12 year follow up of participants in the population study of women in Gothenburg, Sweden. Confronting a rising tide of eating disorders and obesity: treatment vs. Srikanthan P, Karlamangla AS. Methods of Estimating Body Fat Mass and Location of the Fat At present, simple, accurate methods for measuring percent of body fat and, in particular, body fat in different fat depots are not available. Waist circumference is a good indicator of visceral fatwhich poses more health risks than fat elsewhere.

It also raises blood pressure and blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels and lowers HDL good cholesterol levels. Seven-year changes in body fat and visceral adipose tissue in women. General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. This is an important variable in assessing the metabolic as well as mortality consequences of excessive fat accumulation. Measure of relative weight based on an individual's mass and height.

Review: long-term impact of bariatric surgery on body weight, comorbidities, and nutritional status. In addition, the potential pool of mates is limited because of their perceived unattractiveness. Moderate risk BMI 25— It also may act as a counterbalance when women carry a child either during pregnancy or afterward.

  • Managing the global epidemic of obesity.

  • Obesity indices.

  • Archived from the original on 23 August The relationship of weight-height indices of obesity to body fat content.

  • Waist-to-hip circumference ratio has also been used, but has been found to be no better than waist circumference alone, and more complicated to measure.

Couzin-Frankel J. Overall, the history of changes in height and weight in Western European men and probably women has been that of an increase in both weight and height. Keys A. Archived from the original on 17 April Gender, age, ethnic group, and leg length are important variables. Comparison of body fatness measurements by BMI and skinfolds vs dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and their relation to cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents.

In a quantitative analysis of several studies, involving more thanmen cuart women, the lowest mortality rates were found for people with BMIs between 23 and 29; most of the 25—30 range considered 'overweight' was not associated with higher risk. Colours indicate BMI categories defined by the World Health Organization; underweightnormal weightoverweightmoderately obeseseverely obese and very severely obese. Are there persons who are obese, but metabolically healthy? For example, the BMI of bodybuilder and eight-time Mr.

Secondly, the SBMI is a purely comparative figure without any physical units 201 a scale of 70 points. Email Address. 2014 body mass index chart statistic is not included in your account. Attention: your browser does not have JavaScript enabled! Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. It also is widely used as a risk factor for the development of or the prevalence of several health issues.

However, it is increasingly clear that BMI is a rather mass index indicator of percent of body fat. Between and the U. Views Read Edit View history. This general correlation is particularly useful for consensus data regarding obesity or various other conditions because it can be used to build a semi-accurate representation from which a solution can be stipulated, or the RDA for a group can be calculated.

Health risks of obesity. The result is the chart that you can see here. Also particularly in women, the accumulation of fat in certain 2014 body mass index chart of the body is considered to be much more acceptable than in other areas. Even when some comorbidities are considered, the correlation of mortality rates with BMI often does not take into consideration such factors as family history of diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemias, familial longevity or the family prevalence of carcinomas, and so on. Chartists looking for signals will most likely have to relax Dorsey's requirements for the reversal bulge because the Mass Index rarely exceeds Obesity and efforts to lose weight.

For example, an adult who weighs 70 kg and whose height is 1. Keys explicitly judged 2014 body mass index chart as appropriate for population studies and inappropriate for individual evaluation. That increases your risk for heart diseases and stroke. It is not clear where on the BMI scale the threshold for overweight and obese should be set.

BMI formula

What's this? Commentary: understanding the epidemiology of overweight and obesity—a real global public health concern. More recently, the degree of rotundity considered ideal also has varied considerably in the general population, but particularly for young women. European Journal of Epidemiology.

It could represent a means of maintaining body fat during pregnancy without an undue expansion in abdominal girth. It now is generally accepted that a relationship between BMI and mortality risk should be applied only to large populations. This was attributed to the presence in the population of wasting diseases such as tuberculosis that resulted in an increased death rate. The figure at which your height corresponds with your weight is your body mass index. Full access: To this and over 1 million additional datasets Save Time: Downloads allow integration with your project Valid data: Access to all sources and background information.

Hormonal changes and sexual function in aging men. Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. J Clin Invest. Am J Public Health. Disordered lipid metabolism and the pathogenesis of insulin resistance.

Obes Rev. All of the previously mentioned methods use certain assumptions in the calculation of body fat mass, and all are subject to potential error. Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers.

Keys explicitly mass index chart BMI as 214 for population studies and inappropriate for individual evaluation. Associations of body mass index and anthropometric indicators of fat mass and fat free mass with all-cause mortality among women in the first and second National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys follow-up studies. Archived from the original on 18 December More recently, the degree of rotundity considered ideal also has varied considerably in the general population, but particularly for young women. A particular problem with BMI as an index of obesity is that it does not differentiate between body lean mass and body fat mass; that is, a person can have a high BMI but still have a very low fat mass and vice versa. Look up body mass index in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Hyattsville, MD;

Nevertheless, there are more specific methods mmass determining body fat mass than index chart the BMI. To receive email updates about this topic, enter your email address. Physiol Rev. Kuczmarski RJ. Overweight is defined as a body mass index of However, as with its use to estimate percent of body fat, it is a rather crude approach. This was considered to be important because most of body fat is in the trunk.

International Journal of Obesity. N Engl J Med. Evidence for a strong genetic influence on childhood adiposity despite the force of the obesogenic environment. Genetic and nongenetic determinants of regional fat distribution. Stat Bull.

Smoking cessation and weight gain. Rony H. Corporate solution including all features.

  • General concepts.

  • Arch Intern Med.

  • Colours indicate BMI categories defined by the World Health Organization; underweightnormal weightoverweightmoderately obeseseverely obese and very severely obese.

  • However, falling into one's ideal weight range for height and build is still not as accurate in determining health risk factors as waist-to-height ratio and actual body fat percentage.

  • Moose and Doc. Obesity and efforts to lose weight.

The current BMI classification system also is misleading in regard to effects of body fat mass on mortality rates. Vol 1—3 New York, NY: — Perhaps the distribution is programmed by gender earlier in life. Quetelet LAJ. Smoking cessation and weight gain. Thus, it potentially compensates for a narrower build in tall compared with short people.

Mean body weight, height, and body mass bodu, United States — Full access to 1m statistics Incl. This also can be done using magnetic resonance imaging, but magnetic resonance imaging is very expensive. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. In this sense, the Mass Index is a volatility indicator that does not have a directional bias.

Indices of relative weight and obesity. Learn More. Embed this tool! In both sexes, these changes are reflected in an increased BMI. Idex, if BMI continues to be used, the categories and definitions should be changed to reflect the current distribution of BMIs in the general population. Body weight change, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. You can also calculate your own BMI.

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