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Being obese and pregnant – Being overweight during pregnancy

Committee Opinion No. Pre-pregnancy means your BMI before you get pregnant.

Matthew Cox
Tuesday, February 9, 2021
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  • What can you do to improve your chances of having a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby? Obese means you have an excess amount of body fat.

  • You do not have to do this amount all at once. Eating regularly also boosts your metabolismhelps to steady your blood sugar levels, and stops you from getting too hungry and overeating foods with too much sugar and fat.

  • Being pregnant past your due date and problems during labor and birth, including problems with anesthesia pain medicine. It may be hard for your health care provider to diagnose birth defects during pregnancy even prenatal tests like ultrasound.

If you have further questions, contact your ob-gyn.

We thank Prof. Working with your health care provider can help you manage your risks and promote a healthy pregnancy. Flavoured milks, soft drinks and juices can cause extra weight gain because of the high amounts of sugar they contain. CoxJonathan M.

For being obese and pregnant. Other risks include problems with the placenta and growth problems for the fetus. This information is designed as an educational aid for the public. A stroke often results in loss of consciousness and temporary or permanent paralysis. Diabetes Mellitus: A condition in which the levels of sugar in the blood are too high. Preeclampsia —Preeclampsia is a serious form of gestational hypertension that usually happens in the second half of pregnancy or soon after childbirth. If you have further questions, contact your ob-gyn.

Diabetes is when your body has too much sugar called glucose in the blood. Thus, given the current level of evidence, we cannot conclude that the current obesity epidemic is driven by intergenerational transmission mediated through the intrauterine environment. Together, they present a unique set of challenges that women and their doctors must tackle in order to achieve the best possible outcome for mom and baby. You do not have to do this amount all at once. Diabetes 58 : — The educational health content on What To Expect is reviewed by our medical review board and team of experts to be up-to-date and in line with the latest evidence-based medical information and accepted health guidelines, including the medically reviewed What to Expect books by Heidi Murkoff.

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About 4 out of 10 women ages 40 percent in the United States is obese. Evidence from the United States clearly shows that the goals as set in these new guidelines are currently not being achieved by overweight or obese women [ e. All pregnant women should be advised to eat a healthy, balanced diet, and obese women should be informed of the potential risks associated with obesity and pregnancy outcome.

Baby Caring for your baby Feeding your baby. Hi Your dashboard sign out. Obesee your BMI is 30 or above you should take a daily dose of 5 mg of folic acid. Where to get help with weight management You can get help with and motivation for healthy living and weight loss from: your GPobstetrician or midwife a child and family health nurse family and friends a dietitian — find an Accredited Practising Dietitian a physiotherapist the Australian Breastfeeding Association local walking groups. Learn About the Book. See also Antidepressants and pregnancy Pregnancy bed rest Blighted ovum: What causes it?

Save to my dashboard Being obese and pregnant in or Sign up to save this page. Stillbirth is when a baby dies in the womb before birth but after 20 weeks of pregnancy. The increasing chances are in relation to: miscarriage gestational diabetes high blood pressure and pre-eclampsia blood clots the baby's shoulder becoming "stuck" during labour The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists has more information about shoulder dystocia heavier bleeding than normal after the birth You are also more likely to need an instrumental delivery forceps or ventouseor an emergency caesarean section. You are also more likely to need an instrumental delivery forceps or ventouseor an emergency caesarean section.

This being obese and pregnant does not have an Arabic version. Get our emails with pregnancy tips, ways to take action and stories that inspire. Swimming is another good bding for pregnant women. Optimizing natural fertility in couples planning pregnancy. These numbers are greater if you are having multiples like twins. However, this approach also might increase the risk of having a baby whose weight is smaller than expected for gestational age. Gestational Hypertension: High blood pressure that is diagnosed after 20 weeks of pregnancy.

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Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Obesity is defined being obese and pregnant having a BMI of 30 or greater. IVF is when an egg and sperm are combined in a lab to create an embryo fertilized egg which is then put into your uterus. If your fetus is not growing well, changes may need to be made to your diet and exercise plan. In This Article.

  • This means that the baby is delivered early for a medical reason. Glucocorticoids may be involved and fatty acids are prime candidates, particularly because a raised nn-3 fatty acid ratio has been implicated from rodent studies in premature adipocyte maturation and proliferation

  • This information is designed as an educational aid for the public.

  • Get to a healthy weight before you get pregnant. Eliminating all pregnancy risks that are within your control, such as drinking and smoking, is particularly important.

  • An ultrasound is a prenatal test that uses sound waves and a computer screen to show a picture of your baby in the womb.

  • Diabetes Care 32 : —

  • Inducing labor is when your provider gives you medicine or breaks your water amniotic sac or bag of waters to make your labor begin. Request Appointment.

Being physically active pregnanr pregnancy will not harm your baby. We emphasize that it should not be assumed that observational studies will being obese and pregnant safely into recommendations for restriction of GWG for perinatal or other long-term outcomes. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. Gestational diabetes —High levels of glucose blood sugar during pregnancy increase the risk of having a very large baby. Drink plenty of water Water is the best drink for good health.

This information is designed as an educational aid for the public. During pregnancy, do these things to help keep pregnant and your baby healthy: Get early and regular prenatal care. Search for doctors near you. Not only is breastfeeding the best way to feed your baby, it also may help with postpartum weight loss. Trimesters: The 3-month times in pregnancy. Losing weight before pregnancy is good for both you and your baby.

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Precocious development of neonatal fat depots or being obese and pregnant altered adipocyte metabolism and proliferation in development in response to the fetal lbese and hormonal profile may also contribute to obesity in later life, as recently suggested from a human cohort study Thornburg says vitamin deficiency has to do with the quality of the diet, not the quantity. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

  • Many early childhood centres run free walking or exercise groups for new mothers.

  • Concerned about pregnancy and obesity?

  • This, coupled with the higher rate of maternal complications and cesarean delivery — up to 50 percent in some studies — in obese women, can make it harder to successfully breast feed. Ultrasound Exam: A test in which sound waves are used to examine inner parts of the body.

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Get to a healthy weight before you get pregnant. Your obstetrician—gynecologist bekng may refer you to a nutritionist to help you plan a healthy diet. High blood pressure is when the force of blood against the walls of the blood vessels is too high. High Blood Pressure: Blood pressure above the normal level. Walking is a good choice if you are new to exercise. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here.

Increasing your physical activity is important if you want to lose weight. Beung out about the possible complications, recommendations for weight gain and what you can do to promote a healthy pregnancy. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. BMI is used to determine whether a person is underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. See more conditions. Your weight should be tracked at each prenatal visit.

Your goal is being obese and pregnant stay active for 30 minutes on most—preferably all—days of the week. Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. It can help you make a healthy eating plan based on your age, weight, height and physical activity. This is when a blood clot breaks off and travels through your blood to organs like the brain, lungs or heart. Loralei L.

Healthy weight in pregnancy: why it’s important

Gestational Hypertension: High blood pressure that is diagnosed after 20 weeks of pregnancy. So do their children. Obesity is diagnosed when your BMI is 30 or higher.

BJOG : 44— Some, pregnantt not all studies suggest that preconception weight loss, either through lifestyle or bariatric surgery improves fertility and pregnancy outcomes 1011 and support a causal link between adiposity and adverse pregnancy outcome. Aim for at least glasses a day. J Neurosci 28 : — Measurement of growth trajectories in the fetus would be of value.

Being overweight during pregnancy. However, this approach also might increase the risk of having a baby whose weight is smaller than expected for gestational age. Talk to your provider about activities that are safe for you. Macrosomia —In this condition, the fetus is larger than normal. In light of the rise in rates of obesity in the United States, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourages women to seek guidance about nutrition and weight reduction from a health care provider if they are overweight and considering getting pregnant.

  • Try eating healthily including knowing what foods to avoid in pregnancy and doing activities such as walking or swimming.

  • Pregnancy and obesity: Know the risks Concerned about pregnancy and obesity? Obstructive sleep apnea —Sleep apnea is a condition in which a person stops breathing for short periods during sleep.

  • Use of this site is subject to our terms of use and privacy policy. We're empowering families with the knowledge and tools to have healthier pregnancies.

Ideally, recommendations should be developed from stronger evidence drawn from a wide range of short- and long-term outcomes. Practice Bulletin No. Worldwide, obstetricians and midwives are confronted with an qnd of obesity among pregnant women. Breastfeeding rates are poor among obese women, with only 80 percent initiating and less than 50 percent continuing beyond six months, even though it is associated with less postpartum weight retention and should be encouraged as it benefits the health of mom and baby. There is no established explanation for why this is the case, but Thornburg says current thinking suggests that this is probably related to hormone changes in obese women that may decrease the risk of spontaneous preterm birth.

Help save lives every month Give monthly and join the fight for the health of moms and babies. Not only is breastfeeding the best way to feed your baby, it also may help with postpartum weight loss. Eat healthy foods. Healthy Lifestyle Pregnancy week by week.

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You're more likely to have an instrumental rates worldwide ventouse or forceps or a caesarean sectionand it can be difficult for an epidural to be given. Poston L. By Mayo Clinic Staff. Within the general category of obesity, there are three levels that reflect the increasing health risks that go along with increasing BMI: Obesity category I—BMI of 30 to Hum Genet : 15—

Help save lives every month Give monthly and join the fight for the health of moms and babies. Pregnat Care 33 : youth obesity rates worldwide Mission stories Spotlights Impact Stories. This and the recent RCT of similar design in women with mild GDM 38 provide some evidence for a causal relationship between maternal glycemic control and delivery of an LGA and fatter infant. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. At your first antenatal visit, called the booking appointmentyour midwife may measure your height and weigh you to work out your BMI.

Weight control: other things to consider Weight control is a complex issue. Diabetes Care 33 : — Don't have an ob-gyn? Several pregnaant RCTs now underway, with GWG as a primary outcome, and adequately powered for these outcomes will test directly the validity of the IOM recommendations In This Topic. Heart conditions and pregnancy Hemorrhoids during pregnancy High blood pressure and pregnancy High-risk pregnancy How do ankylosing spondylitis and pregnancy affect each other? Should the emphasis remain on GWG, then additional investigations among women of different ethnic subgroups and using standardized measurements with a range of outcomes are required.

This means your baby weighs more than 8 pounds, 13 ounces at birth. Ultrasound Exam: A and pregnant in which sound waves are used to examine inner parts of the body. Obese means you have an excess amount of body fat. We're advocating for policies to protect them. Skip to main content. Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, asthma and obesity later in life If you have gestational diabetes, your baby may have problems with breathing, low glucose levels and jaundice.

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BJOG : — Within the general category of obesity, being obese and pregnant are three levels that reflect the increasing health risks that go along with increasing BMI: Obesity category I—BMI of 30 to This content does not have an Arabic version. You do not have to do this amount all at once. This educational content is not medical or diagnostic advice.

Do something active every day. Learn About the Book. But there are things you can do before and during pregnancy to help you have a healthy baby. News Moms Need Blog Read about what moms and moms-to-be need to know.

Beyerlein A, Schiessl B, Lack N, von Kries R Optimal gestational weight gain ranges for the avoidance preegnant adverse birth weight and pregnant a novel approach. You should be offered a referral to a dietitian or other health professional for advice on healthy eating and physical activity. Precocious development of neonatal fat depots or persistently altered adipocyte metabolism and proliferation in development in response to the fetal metabolic and hormonal profile may also contribute to obesity in later life, as recently suggested from a human cohort study Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A serious sleep disorder that causes a person to have brief pauses in breathing during sleep.

Prepare for a healthy pregnancy and baby this year.

Being physically active in pregnancy will not harm your baby. Baby Caring for your baby Feeding your baby. Possible problems if you're overweight in pregnancy Being overweight increases the chance of complications for you and your baby.

Youth obesity rates worldwideBarbara AbramsKatherine P. Be organised Planning and preparing meals and snacks in advance helps you make healthy food choices. A birth defect is a health condition that a baby has at birth. It will not reduce the chance of complications and may not be safe. Instead, losing even a small amount of weight before you conceive can up your odds of a safer pregnancy. Other pertinent parameters include raised maternal triglyceride and fatty acids, and fetal insulin concentrations that may contribute to fat accretion in the offspring. Being overweight is defined as having a body mass index BMI of 25 to

For example:. Once you are home with your new baby, stick to your obesee eating and exercise habits to reach a normal weight. Talk to your health care provider about the right weight for you. Weight gain during pregnancy: Reexamining the guidelines. This also increases the chance of cesarean birth. During pregnancy, do these things to help keep you and your baby healthy: Get early and regular prenatal care. This is a kind of diabetes that some women get during pregnancy.

Many overweight women have healthy pregnancies and babies. Instead, losing even a obeee amount of weight being obese and pregnant you conceive can up your odds of a safer pregnancy. It often takes longer for their milk to come in and they can have lower production breast size has nothing to do with the amount of milk produced. For example, the plasma concentration of leptin is increased in neonatal offspring of obese rats, and it is hypothesized that elevated levels of this hormone, recently found to play an important neurotrophic role in hypothalamic development, may disrupt neuronal connections between the nuclei that control energy balance, leading to persistently increased appetite 52 ,

A Guide to Pregnancy from Ob-Gyns

This, coupled with the higher rate of maternal complications and cesarean delivery — up to 50 percent in some studies — in obese women, obbese make it harder to successfully breast feed. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Inducing labor is when your provider gives you medicine or breaks your water amniotic sac or bag of waters to make your labor begin. Sign up now. Placenta: An organ that provides nutrients to and takes waste away from the fetus.

Being obese and pregnant IN. Review dates. Your care in pregnancy If you are obese in pregnancy, you'll be offered a test for gestational diabetes. Share on. Checking your weight during pregnancy If you start pregnancy above a healthy weight range, your weight should be checked at each antenatal appointment. Read copyright and permissions information. Notable exceptions are gastroschisis and spontaneous preterm labor, both of which occur less often.

ALSO READ: Catheter Directed Thrombolysis Risks Of Obesity

Losing even a small amount of weight can improve your overall health and pave the way for a healthier pregnancy. Get expert tips and resources from March of Dimes and CDC to increase your chance of having a healthy, fully-term pregnancy and baby. Page last reviewed: 20 January Next review due: 20 January If you have a BMI of 30 or higher, your health care provider will closely monitor your pregnancy. Several larger RCTs now underway, with GWG as a primary outcome, and adequately powered for these outcomes will test directly the validity of the IOM recommendations

Problems with breastfeeding During labor, too much ans fat may also block the passage of your baby through the pelvis. What kinds of pregnancy complications can being overweight or obese cause? A birth defect is a health condition that a baby has at birth. Macrosomia also increases the risk of cesarean birth. For example:.

Your GP, dietitian or child being obese and family health nurse could help with ideas and contacts, or you lbese look online for weight loss or exercise groups near you. Pregnancy and obesity: Know the risks Concerned about pregnancy and obesity? We emphasize that it should not be assumed that observational studies will translate safely into recommendations for restriction of GWG for perinatal or other long-term outcomes. Fiona Samuels and Ms. The USA guidelines are based on a systematic review of the literature on outcomes of maternal weight gain in pregnancy [Agency for Health Care Research and Quality AHRQ ], a specially commissioned analysis of a study in a large Scandinavian cohort Dr. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS.

ILSI Europe a. Skip to content Skip to navigation. He or she might recommend:. ITP and pregnancy: Is it safe? Because of the potential benefit of lowering the nn-3 ratio, an RCT in pregnant women of low nn-3 enriched fatty acid mix fish oil capsules, 1.

Your body image might also change in pregnancy. Pre-pregnancy means your BMI before you get pregnant. Article Google Scholar. A stroke often results in loss of consciousness and temporary or permanent paralysis. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Healthy Lifestyle Prgnant week by week. Some types of bariatric surgery may affect how the body absorbs medications taken by mouth, including birth control pills. Gestational hypertension — High blood pressure that starts during the second half of pregnancy is called gestational hypertension. Within the general category of obesity, there are three levels that reflect the increasing health risks that go along with increasing BMI:. Your pre-pregnancy weight and BMI is important to consider when determining how much weight you need to gain during pregnancy.

The following myths and truths highlight some expected and some surprising issues to take into account before, during and after pregnancy. In light of the obede in rates of obesity in the United States, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourages women to seek guidance about nutrition and weight reduction from a health care provider if they are overweight and considering getting pregnant. Department of Agriculture has a special section for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Talk to your provider or a nutritionist to help you plan your meals. It is not a substitute for the advice of a physician.

Aim to be moderately active for example, biking, brisk walking, and general gardening for 60 minutes and pregnant vigorously active jogging, swimming laps, or doing heavy yard work for 30 minutes on most days of the week. Your obstetrician—gynecologist ob-gyn may refer you to a nutritionist to help you plan a healthy diet. An example of a pregnancy complication is preterm labor. Article continues below Advertisement.

Inducing labor is when your provider gives you medicine or breaks your water amniotic sac or bag of waters to make your labor being obese and pregnant. Rpegnant is associated with increased risk of almost all pregnancy complications: gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, delivery of large-for-GA infants, and higher incidence of congenital defects all occur more frequently than in women with a normal BMI. We do not recommend the reintroduction of antenatal monitoring of GWG in the United Kingdom and Europe until further evidence informs guidance. More recent studies from other populations, e.

If you have further questions, contact your ob-gyn. Any use and pregnant this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. Being overweight is defined as having a body mass index BMI of 25 to You may also have some problems with testing like during your ultrasounds. Work with your health care provider to find out what's best for you and to manage your weight throughout pregnancy.

Staying healthy and safe. In addition, some evidence suggests that a child of an obese mother may suffer from exposure to a suboptimal in utero environment and that these early life adversities may extend into adulthood 56. The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of ILSI Europe or any other individual or company acknowledged here. More recent studies from other populations, e. The evidence was drawn predominantly from European-origin women and generalization to other ethnic groups within high-income countries, or to women in low-middle income groups may not be appropriate, especially among populations showing rapid demographic change. Breastfeeding rates are poor among obese women, with only 80 percent initiating and less than 50 percent continuing beyond six months, even though it is associated with less postpartum weight retention and should be encouraged as it benefits the health of mom and baby. About adult BMI.

  • Read more about healthy eating when you're overweight and pregnant. Eat healthy foods.

  • Donate your birthday Create a Facebook fundraiser to let friends and family know you're donating your birthday so more babies can have theirs.

  • For these reasons, obesity during pregnancy increases the likelihood of having a cesarean birth.

The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of ILSI Europe or any other individual or company acknowledged here. If you have had fertility problems, they may resolve on their own as you rapidly lose the excess weight. Talk to your provider or a nutritionist to help you plan your meals. Discuss your exercise plan with your ob-gyn to make sure it is safe. Eat healthy foods.

Diabetes Mellitus: A condition in which the levels of sugar in the blood are too high. Obese means you have an excess amount of body fat. Trimesters: The 3-month times in pregnancy. Make a movie of your pregnancy with our free smartphone app!

There is a need for improved management oregnant treatment of adverse being obese and pregnant associated with obesity, such as gestational diabetes and preeclampsia. Beyerlein A, Schiessl B, Lack N, von Kries R Optimal gestational weight gain ranges for the avoidance of adverse birth weight outcomes: a novel approach. Losing even a small amount of weight can improve your overall health and pave the way for a healthier pregnancy. Talk to your provider about activities that are safe for you.

  • Cervical length Chickenpox and pregnancy Depression during pregnancy Diastasis recti Miscarriage and stress Epilepsy and pregnancy Fingolimod during pregnancy: Is it safe? A dangerous blood clot problem called venous thromboembolism also called VTE.

  • Mission stories Spotlights Impact Stories.

  • Checking your weight during pregnancy If you start pregnancy above a healthy weight range, your weight should be checked at each antenatal appointment.

The developing fetuses of prenant women also are at increased risk for health problems. Your health care provider can help you find ways to eat healthy and be physically active to help you lose weight before you get pregnant. Frequently asked questions Contact us. March of Dimes, a not-for-profit, section c 3. ITP and pregnancy: Is it safe? Placenta: An organ that provides nutrients to and takes waste away from the fetus. Or divide your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared.

Therefore, the emphasis on GWG in antenatal care of obese women may be misplaced, and in many countries in Europe, where conformity to these guidelines would require reintroduction of routine weight checks, the efforts are likely to ibese any potential benefits. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Why your weight matters during pregnancy and after birth Page last reviewed: Nov www. BodnarAbigail R. Please whitelist our site to get all the best deals and offers from our partners. First, ovulation is often more irregular in obese women. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer.

A Guide to Pregnancy from Ob-Gyns

BodnarAbigail R. Show references American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Someone who is categorised as obese, for example, will get extra advice and care. Walking or swimming are both good choices. Int J Obes Lond 32 : 73—

Skip pregnant main content. Obesity-related Health Risks for Mothers Women who are overweight or obese preghant pregnancy face several possible health risks, including high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, and an increased chance of needing a Cesarean delivery. By Mayo Clinic Staff. Macrosomia —In this condition, the fetus is larger than normal. Products and services.

  • They have a higher chance of needing birth interventionsincluding caesareansand a higher chance of birth complications like shoulder dystocia. Diabetes is when your body has too much sugar called glucose in the blood.

  • This, coupled with the higher rate of maternal complications and cesarean delivery — up to 50 percent in some studies — in obese women, can make it harder to successfully breast feed.

  • IVF is when an egg and sperm are combined in a lab to create an embryo fertilized egg which is then put into your uterus.

  • Although the chances of these problems increase if you are obese, most pregnancies will result in a healthy baby. Connect With Us.

  • Losing even a small amount of weight can improve your overall health and pave the way for a healthier pregnancy. Losing weight before pregnancy is good for both you and your baby.

Being obese and pregnant to Top. Increase this gradually to at least 4 minute sessions a week. Read about making a weight management plan here What are the risks of being overweight and pregnant or obese and pregnant? Am J Clin Nutr 90 : — Talk to your health care provider about the right weight for you.

Nat Rev Endocrinol 5 : — Prepare for a healthy pregnancy and baby this year. In rare cases, seizures, heart attack, and stroke can happen. If you were not active before pregnancy, it's a good idea to consult your midwife or doctor before starting a new exercise plan when you're pregnant. Being overweight during pregnancy.

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CoxJonathan M. Worldwide, obstetricians and midwives are confronted with an escalation of obesity among pregnant women. It can help you make a healthy eating plan based on your age, weight, height and physical activity. Obesity can affect a certain kind of fertility treatment called in vitro fertilization also called IVF.

In This Article. These emphasize the potential benefit of weight loss among obese women of reproductive age. You may also have some problems with testing like during your ultrasounds. Exercising during these nine months:.

It often takes longer beinng their milk to come in and they can have lower production breast size has nothing to do with the amount of milk produced. Women who have had gestational diabetes are at a higher lifetime risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes. If you have had fertility problems, they may resolve on their own as you rapidly lose the excess weight. See more conditions. You can limit the impact of having a high BMI and help ensure your health and your baby's health. Office on Women's Health.

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