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Influences of childhood obesity: Biological, environmental, and social influences on childhood obesity

Obesity Epidemiology.

Matthew Cox
Wednesday, April 14, 2021
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  • Bouchard C. Associations between family food behaviors, maternal depression, and child weight among low-income children.

  • Family factors Family factors have also been associated with the increase of cases of obesity.

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  • In a prospective cohort study of children, infants who slept fewer than 12 hours a day had double the odds of being overweight at age 3, compared with infants who slept more than 12 hours a day.

  • Maternal diabetes, gestational diabetes and the role of epigenetics in their long term effects on offspring.

Five Factors Contributing to Childhood Obesity

Contributions of influences of childhood obesity environment to childhood obesity. Thus, fetal overnutrition may be a mechanism of intergenerational transmission of obesity and diabetes 67 Kevin B. Longitudinal trends in obesity in the United States from adolescence to the third decade of life. Speaking of portions, the National Institute of Health found these have doubled over the last 20 years.

Curr Diab Rep. Obesity has reached epidemic levels in developed countries. Davis RL, et al. Publication types Review. Contributing factors. Bariatric Nursing and Surgical Patient. Learn More.

Contributing factors. Int J Obes. Concomitantly, there is a progressive rise in the prevalence of obesity, diabetes and other nutrition related chronic diseases NRCDs like obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some forms of cancer. Body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, depression, and weight status in adolescents.

  • This will have the biggest influence on the choices kids make when selecting foods to consume at school and fast-food restaurants and choosing to be active. Eating-disordered behaviors, body fat, and psychopathology in overweight and normal-weight children.

  • Your child's doctor can use growth charts, the BMI and, if necessary, other tests to help you figure out if your child's weight could pose health problems. Associated Procedures Bariatric surgery Cholesterol test.

  • Worldviews Evid Based Nurs.

  • Recreational values of the natural environment in relation to neighbourhood satisfaction, physical activity, obesity and wellbeing.

  • The Journal of Primary Prevention March 11 3 mins.

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Childhood obesity often causes complications in a child's physical, social and emotional well-being. The built environment and obesity: trimming waistlines through neighbourhood design. Many studies have examined the link between sugary drink consumption and weight and it has been continually found to be a contributing factor to being overweight. Understanding the somatic consequences of depression: biological mechanisms and the role of depression symptom profile. Obesity Silver Spring ; 15 — In general, overweight and obesity are assumed to be the results of an increase in caloric and fat intake. J Am Diet Assoc.

Weight-for-stature compared with body mass index-for-age growth charts for the United States from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Washington, D. Cancel Continue. It also recommends limiting foods and beverages with added sugars, solid fats, or sodium. In addition, BMI fails to distinguish between fat and fat-free mass muscle and bone and may exaggerate obesity in large muscular children. Body dissatisfaction Research has consistently found that body satisfaction is higher in males than females at all ages. Focusing attention on the fluid interactions of cultural influences with contextual factors, of recognized importance for the study of childhood undernutrition, can also lead to further understanding of how to address ethnic disparities in childhood obesity.

References

Health Influences of childhood obesity. Obesity during childhood can harm the body in a variety of ways. It is widely accepted that increase in obesity results from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, with an increase in positive energy balance being closely associated with the lifestyle adopted and the dietary intake preferences. Body mass index in screening for adiposity in children and adolescents: Systematic evaluation using receiver operating characteristic curves. This can result in a loss of self-esteem and an increased risk of depression and anxiety.

However, we do obesity and anaesthesia some things that have a strong association with childhood obesity:. Associations between obesity cyildhood comorbid mental health, developmental, and physical health conditions in a nationally representative sample of US children aged 10 to Rates of psychiatric disorders in a clinical study group of adolescents with extreme obesity and in obese adolescents ascertained via a population based study. In: Hu FB, ed. The majority of children in the past walked or rode their bike to school.

BMC Pediatrics Environmental factors, lifestyle preferences, and cultural environment play pivotal roles in the rising prevalence of obesity worldwide. Maternal depressive symptoms and child obesity in low-income urban families. Dubois L, Girard M. Are overweight children unhappy?

Introduction

July 6 2 mins. Influence of behavioral determinants on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents of Aligarh. The growing issue of childhood obesity can be slowed, if society focuses on the causes. February 5 2 mins.

January influence 4 mins. Prog Biophys Mol Biol ; — Niehoff V. July 17 3 mins. Children and adolescents are exhibiting obesity-related conditions such as type 2 diabetes, elevated blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and higher fasting insulin levels 3456. Snack foods Another factor that has been studied as a possible contributing factor of childhood obesity is the consumption of snack foods.

  • However, real and sustained progress in combating the obesity epidemic will require a full understanding of the biological and social pathways to obesity in order to develop appropriately targeted prevention strategies in early life. October 24 2 mins.

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  • Although methods such as densitometry can be used in research practice, they are not feasible for clinical settings.

  • Diabetes Care. Ghosh A.

  • Parenting style and obesity risk in children.

Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Treating and preventing childhood obesity helps protect your child's health now and in the future. In addition to being implicated in numerous medical concerns, childhood obesity affects children's and adolescent's social and emotional health. Body satisfaction and body weight: Gender differences and sociodemographic determinants.

Though many studies have shown weight gain with regular consumption of fast food, it is difficult to establish a causal relationship between childhoov food and obesity. Below, three of the more common health problems associated with childhood obesity are discussed, diabetes, sleep apnea, and cardiovascular disease. Mental health and psychosocial characteristics in adolescent obesity: A population-based case-control study. Another factor that has been studied as a possible contributing factor of childhood obesity is the consumption of snack foods.

References

Childhoof studies, often based on maternal dietary restriction, confirm evidence for such fetal metabolic adaptations to undernutrition Introduction The world is undergoing a rapid epidemiological and nutritional transition characterized by persistent nutritional deficiencies, as evidenced by the prevalence of stunting, anemia, and iron and zinc deficiencies. Indian J Public Health.

This digital-age influences of childhood obesity increasingly popular and accessible video games and television shows. This field of research has been labeled as the developmental origins of health and disease and is the subject of much attention in the biomedical and epidemiologic sciences. November 2 3 mins. Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviours.

Academic Pediatrics. Childhood obesity and cardiovascular dysfunction. Research has consistently found obesity body satisfaction is higher in males than females at all ages. Furthermore, eating out or watching TV while eating is associated with a higher intake of fat. Polfuss ML, et al. Lifestyle interventions including nutrition, exercise, and supplements for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children. Association of depression and health related quality of life with body composition in children and youth with obesity.

A study conducted examined the eating habits of lean and overweight adolescents at fast food restaurants. This broader coverage comes at the expense of the more explicit methods, reporting and reproducibility, that are associated with systematic reviews, which tend to focus on narrower topics using prescribed search methods Diabetes ; 60 — Biological, environmental, and social influences on childhood obesity.

How common is childhood obesity?

And children normally carry different amounts of body fat at the various stages of development. However, cultural attitudes and beliefs are not the only potential source of ethnic variation in childhood obesity prevalence and should not be studied in isolation. Because of clever marketing, most parents believe these foods are healthy. It also recommends limiting foods and beverages with added sugars, solid fats, or sodium.

They may be more likely to ride a bus or have a parent drive them to school, in comparison to walking or riding influences childhood bike. The levelling off of the obesity epidemic since the year —a review of evidence and perspectives. This field of research has been labeled as the developmental origins of health and disease and is the subject of much attention in the biomedical and epidemiologic sciences. Is it important? The body mass index BMIwhich provides a guideline of weight in relation to height, is the accepted measure of overweight and obesity. J Epidemiol Community Health ; 63 — You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar.

  • Obeity factors Family factors have also been associated with the increase of cases of obesity. Indeed, it has more recently been suggested that these two comorbid conditions may mutually reinforce a progressive downward spiral in each other and that additional insight into their longitudinal interaction may be important for intervention strategies

  • National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

  • Summary and Implications In undertaking a review of this broad area of significant health promotion interest, I have used the narrative review method.

  • These potential consequences are further examined in the following sections.

In humans, fetal undernutrition may be a consequence of maternal undernutrition, maternal smoking, or placental dysfunction from preeclampsia. Prev Med ; 57 — PubMed Google Scholar. Eating disorder traits in obese children and adolescents.

Are overweight children unhappy? Barker Oobesity. It is also associated with poor academic performance and a lower quality of life experienced by the child. Psychosocial aspects of obesity. Childhood obesity, bone development, and cardiometabolic risk factors. If you're worried that your child is putting on too much weight, talk to his or her doctor.

COVID-19: Advice, updates and vaccine options

It is emerging convincingly that the genesis of Type 2 Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease begins in childhood, with childhood obesity serving as an obesity factor. There are several tools your doctor might use to determine if your child is at risk for obesity, including:. As proposed by the National Taskforce on Obesityfiscal policies such as taxing unhealthy options, providing incentives for the distribution of inexpensive healthy food, and investing in convenient recreational facilities or the esthetic quality of neighborhoods can enhance healthy eating and physical activity. Family-based interventions to improve the home food environment 90 and parenting style and policies to reduce the costs of healthy food choices are needed.

This information reaffirms that while genetics can influence weight-gain, they are not the reason for the dramatic increase in morbid obesity and obesity. Developmental and epigenetic pathways to obesity: an evolutionary-developmental perspective. Factor 2: Food Quality and Quantity The consumption of sweetened beverages and junk food plays a role in excessive weight gain in children. Breast, formula and combination feeding in relation to childhood obesity in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Eating disorder symptoms Traits associated with eating disorders appear to be common in adolescent obese populations, particularly for girls. Fast food Consumption: Increased fast off consumption has been linked with obesity in the recent years. Parental feeding style is also significant. Junk food, candy, and sugary beverages may be tasty and rewarding to children, but how do they contribute to their overall lifestyle? Obesity in Indian children: Time trends and relationship with hypertension. Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21 st century. The highest prevalence rates of childhood obesity have been observed in developed countries; however, its prevalence is increasing in developing countries as well.

COVID-19: Advice, updates and vaccine options

Body mass index in screening for adiposity og children and adolescents: Systematic evaluation using receiver operating characteristic curves. Kaczynski childhood obesity, Jan M. August 6 3 mins. Physical activity levels are influenced by public recreation opportunities, transit availability, and neighborhood walkability 3537394041 Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med ; —5.

Overweight children tend to protect themselves from negative comments and attitudes by retreating to safe places, such as their homes, where they may seek food as a comfort. These potential consequences are further examined in the following sections. Am J Clin Nutr. Consuming large portions, in addition to frequent snacking on highly caloric foods, contribute to an excessive caloric intake.

ALSO READ: Education About Obesity Is It Effective To Use Caesura

Associations of early life risk factors with infant sleep duration. Family factors have also been associated influences of childhood obesity the increase of cases of obesity. Antibiotic exposure in the food supply affects all of us and needs to be dealt with. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. The entire food environment that children are being raised in nowadays needs to be improved. One of the best strategies to reduce childhood obesity is to improve the eating and exercise habits of your entire family. Childhood predictors of adult obesity: a systematic review.

The doctor will consider your child's history of growth and development, your family's weight-for-height history, and where your child influehces on the growth charts. A research study concluded that overweight and obese children were four times more likely to report having problems at school than their normal weight peers. Family factors Family factors have also been associated with the increase of cases of obesity. Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviours.

Publication types

Antibiotic exposure in the food supply affects all of us and fo to be dealt with. Definition, epidemiology and etiology of obesity in children and adolescents. Project Viva, for example, is a Boston-area study that began following more than 2, pregnant women and their offspring from soon after the women discovered they were pregnant, and it will continue following the women and children at least through early adolescence. Another factor that has been studied as a possible contributing factor of childhood obesity is the consumption of snack foods. It is widely accepted that increase in obesity results from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, with an increase in positive energy balance being closely associated with the lifestyle adopted and the dietary intake preferences.

The author's found that authoritative feeding determining which foods are offered, allowing the child to choose, and providing rationale for healthy options is associated with positive cognitions about healthy foods and healthier intake. Childhood obesity has oc epidemic levels in developed as well as in developing countries. Focusing on these causes may, over time, decrease childhood obesity and lead to a healthier society as a whole. It is widely accepted that increase in obesity results from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, with an increase in positive energy balance being closely associated with the lifestyle adopted and the dietary intake preferences. So you might not know by how your child looks if weight is a health concern.

  • See tips to help children maintain a healthy weight. Department of Health and Children.

  • Project Viva, for example, is a Boston-area study that began following more than 2, pregnant women and their offspring childhood obesity soon after the women discovered they were pregnant, and it will continue following the women and children at least through early adolescence. But it may also subject the fetus to periods of high blood glucose and elevated insulin.

  • Family factors have also been associated with the increase of cases of obesity.

  • Severe childhood obesity: an under-recognized and growing health problem.

  • Text Book of Public health and Community Medicine. Also, be sure your child sees the doctor for well-child checkups at least once a year.

  • The social consequences of obesity may contribute to continuing difficulty in weight management. Sugary drinks are often thought of as being limited to soda, but juice and other sweetened beverages fall into this category.

Attitudes about and environmental contexts for physical activity are also relevant. Int J Ppt on morbid obesity and anaesthesia Disord. Obesiyt preschooler obesity at birth: the role of maternal obesity in early pregnancy. Washington, D. Harvard T. Developmental origins of childhood overweight: potential public health impact. On the other hand, there are supporting evidence that excessive sugar intake by soft drink, increased portion size, and steady decline in physical activity have been playing major roles in the rising rates of obesity all around the world.

There are influences of childhood obesity tools your doctor might use to determine if your child is at risk for obesity, including:. This summary provides a public health overview of selected key issues related to the prevention of obesity and chronic diseases with a life-course perspective of nutrition and child growth. Parental feeding style is also significant. Studies emerging from different parts of India within last decade are also indicative of similar trend. Associations between family food behaviors, maternal depression, and child weight among low-income children. This will have the biggest influence on the choices kids make when selecting foods to consume at school and fast-food restaurants and choosing to be active. Current conceptualisation of body image dissatisfaction: Have we got it wrong?

Toxic Food Environment

Research indicates taste, followed by hunger and price, is the most important factor in adolescents snack choices. Section Navigation. Whitaker RC.

Our society tends to use food as influences of childhood obesity reward, as a influejces to control others, and as part of socializing. In addition, family mealtimes can influence the type of food consumed and the amount thereof. To receive email updates about this topic, enter your email address. This content does not have an English version. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.

Infant Sleep Duration and Obesity Risk Intriguing work has revealed an association between short sleep duration and weight gain in adults. Overeating among adolescents: Prevalence and associations with weight-related characteristics and psychological health. On the other hand, there are supporting evidence that excessive sugar intake by soft drink, increased portion size, and steady decline in physical activity have been playing major roles in the rising rates of obesity all around the world. Nutr Rev.

Introduction

What's this? Low birth weight and catch-up-growth associated with metabolic syndrome: a ten year systematic review. Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Understanding the somatic consequences of depression: biological mechanisms and the role of depression symptom profile.

Source of Support: Nil. The ecological model, as described by Davison et al. BMJ ; — The obesity epidemic is a worldwide phenomenon. Mol Cell Endocrinol.

ALSO READ: Anti Obesity Activity Evaluation Questionnaire

However, we do know some things that have a strong association ppt on morbid obesity and anaesthesia childhood obesity:. Obesity Silver Spring. One of the best strategies to reduce childhood obesity is to improve the eating and exercise habits of your entire family. The entire food environment that children are being raised in nowadays needs to be improved. Antibiotic exposure in the food supply affects all of us and needs to be dealt with. Fast food Consumption: Increased fast food consumption has been linked with obesity in the recent years. J Am Diet Assoc.

It is also associated with anaesthesia academic performance and a lower quality of life experienced by the child. Being big or growing fast: systematic review of size and growth in infancy and later obesity. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. Support Center Support Center. Furthermore, maturation pattern differs between genders and different ethnic groups.

Skip directly to obesity content Skip childhodo to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Waist circumference seems to be more accurate for children because it targets central obesity, which is a risk factor for type II diabetes and coronary heart disease. Introduction The world is undergoing a rapid epidemiological and nutritional transition characterized by persistent nutritional deficiencies, as evidenced by the prevalence of stunting, anemia, and iron and zinc deficiencies. Exerc Sport Sci Rev ; 28 —8. Nutr J ; 7

What are the causes of childhood obesity?

Children who have obesity are more likely to have: The CDC states that to be explained, the obesity epidemic must consider both genetics and the environment in which a person lives. February 5 2 mins. CAS Google Scholar. Churchwell, President and CEO.

Influences of childhood obesity the food environment for childhood obesity prevention: challenges and opportunities. Chjldhood fat rather than being fat may be associated with psychological well-being in young Dutch adolescents. Childhood obesity, bone development, and cardiometabolic risk factors. June 15 3 mins. The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased globally over the past three decades, with evidence of recent leveling off in developed countries. Academic Pediatrics.

You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. It also recommends limiting foods and beverages with obesoty sugars, obesity fats, or sodium. Email Address. J Epidemiol Community Health ; 62 :e2. Breast-feeding and childhood obesity—a systematic review. This digital-age brings increasingly popular and accessible video games and television shows. The author's found that authoritative feeding determining which foods are offered, allowing the child to choose, and providing rationale for healthy options is associated with positive cognitions about healthy foods and healthier intake.

You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Indian Pediatr. Socio-cultural factors have also been found to influence the development of obesity.

Environmental determinants of physical activity and sedentary behavior. May 12 3 mins. These behavioral factors are therefore frequent targets for both preventive and therapeutic interventions. For Patients. January 21 3 mins.

  • Definition, epidemiology and etiology of obesity in children and adolescents. The mechanism of obesity development is not fully understood and it is believed to be a disorder with multiple causes.

  • Many studies have examined the link between sugary drink consumption and weight and it has been continually found to be a contributing factor to being overweight. Gestational weight gain and child adiposity at age 3 years.

  • Body dissatisfaction Research has consistently found that body satisfaction is higher in males than females at all ages. Availability of, and repeated exposure to, healthy foods is key to developing preferences and can overcome dislike of foods.

  • Prevalence of binge-eating disorder in obese children and adolescents seeking weight-loss treatment.

The growing issue of childhood obesity can be slowed, if society focuses on the causes. Needham BL, Crosnoe R. J Health Soc Behav ; 46 — Obesity and diabetes genes are associated with being born small for gestational age: results from the Auckland Birthweight Collaborative study.

Opportunities to be physically active and safe environments to be active in have decreased in the recent years. It has been hypothesized that obese individuals have lower basal metabolic rates. Many co-morbid conditions like metabolic, cardiovascular, orthopedic, neurological, hepatic, pulmonary, and renal disorders are also seen in association with childhood obesity. Nutr Rev. Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviours. Other reasons parents gave for driving their children to school included no safe walking route, fear of child predators, and out of convenience for the child. Another factor that has been studied as a possible contributing factor of childhood obesity is the consumption of snack foods.

Maternal gestational diabetes, birth weight, and adolescent obesity. Speakman JR. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Snack foods Another factor that has been studied as a possible contributing factor of childhood obesity is the consumption of snack foods.

Public Health Nutr ; 10 — So you might not know by how your child looks if weight is a health concern. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Department of Health and Children. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate.

Ending childhood obesity: a multidimensional challenge. Obewity who have obesity may experience teasing or bullying by their peers. Causes of Childhood Obesity It is widely accepted that increase in obesity results from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, with an increase in positive energy balance being closely associated with the lifestyle adopted and the dietary intake preferences. Chapman G, Maclean H. Responses to the physical and social environment will influence, and be influenced by, pubertal development 4748 ,

About childhood obesity. Adolescent physical activity and sedentary behavior: patterning and long-term maintenance. Higher parental education, parental nurturing, and higher self-esteem reduce obesity risk in girls Mental health and psychosocial characteristics in adolescent obesity: A population-based case-control study.

These are also potentially optimal times for intervention, for two reasons: Women may be oof receptive to making lifestyle changes as they prepare to get pregnant and when they are pregnant to increase the likelihood of having a healthy baby. Environmental factors, lifestyle preferences, and cultural environment play pivotal roles in the rising prevalence of obesity worldwide. Childhood obesity: Evidence-based guidelines for clinical practice — Part two. Introduction The world is undergoing a rapid epidemiological and nutritional transition characterized by persistent nutritional deficiencies, as evidenced by the prevalence of stunting, anemia, and iron and zinc deficiencies.

Diabetes ; 50 — Mealtime structure is important with evidence suggesting that families who cnildhood together consume more influences of childhood obesity foods. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Front Horm Res ; 36 — Email Address.

Explaining overweight and obesity in children and adolescents of Asian Indian origin: The Calcutta childhood obesity study. Beck AR. Am J Epidemiol ; —8. Google Scholar 59 Adair LS. Ben-Shlomo Y, Kuh D. Also, be sure your child sees the doctor for well-child checkups at least once a year.

It has been hypothesized that obese individuals have lower basal metabolic rates. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Government and social policies could also potentially promote healthy behavior. Eating-disordered behaviors, body fat, and psychopathology in overweight and normal-weight children. J Am Diet Assoc.

Breastfeed preferably without other liquids for months and some breastfeeding for at least 12 months. J Consult Clin Psychol. Medical consequences Obesity obesity has been linked to numerous medical conditions. Overeating among adolescents: Prevalence and associations with weight-related characteristics and psychological health. Below, three of the more common health problems associated with childhood obesity are discussed, diabetes, sleep apnea, and cardiovascular disease. Ghosh A.

ALSO READ: Cdc Obesity And Diabetes Trends United

Keywords: Childhood obesity, consequences, epidemiology, lifestyle, non-communicable disease, overweight. Eur Eat Disord Rev. In addition, eating healthy foods and ovesity physically active helps to prevent influences of childhood obesity diseases such as type 2 diabetes, some cancers, and heart disease. Childhood obesity also affects the hormones that control puberty and blood sugar. Other reasons parents gave for driving their children to school included no safe walking route, fear of child predators, and out of convenience for the child.

Academic Pediatrics. Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. J Family Med Prim Care. Longitudinal trends in obesity in the United States from adolescence to the third decade of life. Psychosocial aspects of obesity.

Obesity Prevention Source Menu. This adaptive response allows influences of childhood obesity more efficient transfer of glucose and other fuels across the placenta, so the fetus can grow. In addition, family mealtimes can influence the type of food consumed and the amount thereof. Prevalence of obesity in affluent school boys in Pune. Childhood obesity, bone development, and cardiometabolic risk factors. Diabetes Care. Addressing the childhood obesity crisis.

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