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Obesity review article 2010 – Articles in 2010

Early-life influences on obesity: from preconception to adolescence. Figure 1.

Matthew Cox
Friday, April 2, 2021
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  • One of these studies is the Romp and Chomp Intervention conducted in Australia.

  • Geserick, M. Schulz, L.

  • Figure 3. Accessed 8 January

  • Roberto, C.

  • We thus think that the public would be better served if the dietary supplements were held to a higher standard and were overseen by the FDA.

Publication types

Diabetes Diabetes associated with obesity, is a massive and a growing threat to public health Accessed March 4, The association between divorce risks and investments in attractive body mass among married Europeans.

  • Robert F Kushner.

  • Schulze, M. Fredriksson, R.

  • Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard T.

  • Sturm RHattori A.

  • The obesity gene, FTO, is of ancient origin, up-regulated during food deprivation and expressed in neurons of feeding-related nuclei of the brain. Woolf, A.

Heymsfield, S. Figure 1. Lundborg, P. Search Menu. Foresight tackling obesities: future choices international comparisons of obesity trends, determinants and responses—evidence review. Appropriate chemotherapy dosing for obese adult patients with cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline.

Hsueh, W. Within individual countries, the improvements 2010 not been shared out evenly. Defining childhood overweight and obesity. Obesity and the risk for surgical site infection in abdominal surgery. Adults working in unskilled manual profession are over 4 times more likely to be classified as morbidly obese compared with those in professional employments, with women showing a larger difference than men Figs.

Obesity third report session Figure 5. Dietary recommendations for prevention of atherosclerosis. Body mass index, abdominal fatness, and heart failure incidence and mortality: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. It is a chronic disorder, officially classified as a disease ICD E Corresponding author. Stunkard, A.

Introduction

Are dietary patterns in childhood associated with IQ at 8 years of age? Immune cells are abundant in adipose tissue and obesity-induced activation of their inflammatory response causes changes in their number and activity. Blaming the brain for obesity: integration of hedonic and homeostatic mechanisms.

Scotland coronary heart disease statistics Ramos Salas, X. The impact of raticle obesity on inflammation, innate immune cell frequency, and metabolic MicroRNA expression. Obesity prevention and treatments frequently fail in the long term for example, behavioural interventions aiming at reducing energy intake and increasing energy expenditure or are not available or suitable bariatric surgery for the majority of people affected.

ALSO READ: Sad Childhood Obesity Stories In The News

Secular trend 2001 earlier onset of menarche with increasing obesity in black and white girls: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Google Scholar Wu, J. Nature Communications The thermic effect of food is the amount of energy above the resting rate used for processing and storing food. Vatansever, A. This aspiration technique requires available facilities to discard the aspirated food and is not for everyone.

The CDC growth charts were developed to evaluate the nutritional obesity review article 2010 of US children and were originated from five cross-sectional representative surveys carried out in the US between and Franco, L. Future perspectives of personalized weight loss interventions based on nutrigenetic, epigenetic, and metagenomic data. The first comparison included data on initially nondepressed participants followed up and screened on depression at follow-up, although for 2 of the included studies, depression was not assessed at baseline.

Key points

Omega-3 fatty acids and adipose tissue function in obesity and metabolic syndrome. Sarcopenic obesity: definition, cause and consequences. Acta Paediatr. Google Scholar Marso, S.

Accessed March 17, Ratcliffe DEllison N. Striatal Rgs4 regulates feeding and susceptibility to diet-induced obesity. Coexistence of a Homozygous Chromosome 4q Physical frailty and body composition in obese elderly men and women. Obesity and overweight.

Obese children are approximately three times likelier to have hypertension than non-obese children. Body mass index and risk for end-stage renal disease. Obesity and Overweight Factsheet [cited 7 April ]. Effects of obesity and weight loss on airway physiology and inflammation in asthma. Accessed March 10,

Hypertension ; 40 : — 7. Early life risk factors for obesity in childhood: cohort study. The role of adipose tissue immune cells in obesity and low-grade inflammation. Eur Respir J ; 43 : — Getting ready for the marriage market?

Kardologia Polska ; 62 — Berthoud, H. Obstructive sleep apnoea OSA adversely affects multiple systems and is associated with hypertension, insulin resistance, liver dysfunction, systemic inflammation and dyslipidaemia. Proc Nutr Soc ; 71 : — BMJf

ALSO READ: Starting An Iv On An Obese Persons

Anatomical locations of human brown adipose tissue functional relevance and implications in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Techniques of stimulus control teach patients to manage external cues, such as the sight or smell of food, as well as times, places, and events associated with eating Uauy, F. Wu, T. Brazier, J. Groessl, E.

Because adjustments for confounders differed considerably through the selected studies, we decided to analyze primarily unadjusted data for homogeneity of results. They also showed improvements in cardiovascular risk factors — Paccaud, and P. Data are from Dong et al. Care 31— This indicates that the effect of the overall association is stronger when depression was assessed by means of a diagnostic clinical interview rather than a self-report symptom list. Matsuzawa, Y.

Several studies among slightly younger samples available at the time were rdview included, 16 - 21 and since then a considerable number of longitudinal studies have been published, 22 - 28 indicating that the volume of evidence on this topic has rapidly increased. Reddy, S. Ozaki, G. Neuropsychopharmacology PubMed Google Scholar. Women who gained 25 kg or more after age 18 were at increased risk of breast cancer RR 1.

Original Article 07 Dec Wang, Y. To our knowledge, this is the first meta-analysis examining longitudinally whether overweight and obesity increase the risk of developing depression and whether depression increases the risk of developing overweight and obesity. Prediction of childhood obesity by infancy weight gain: an individual-level meta-analysis. Cell20—44 Google Scholar Larsen, T.

  • French SAWechsler H.

  • As rates of obesity rise, so has interest in its associated complications and there is greater understanding of the role it plays in many diseases. Hardin, J.

  • Humans with the ability to respond to excess energy intake by recruiting new, healthy subcutaneous adipocytes are relatively protected from many of the metabolic consequences of obesity.

  • Savva, Y.

Nissen, S. Leibel RL. Gillman, M. Obesity and severe obesity forecasts through Read Before the Royal Society November Combining waist circumference with BMI provides a way to incorporate weight distribution into measures of obesity.

Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Evaluating the sugar-sweetened beverage tax in Chile: An observational study in urban areas. Sign In. Huttunen RSyrjanen J. Access through your institution.

Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during — a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study Molecular physiology of weight regulation in mice and humans. They learn to identify cognitive distortions e. Trends in the United States for adults with obesity or overweight, — to —

  • University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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  • Wood et al. Monasta, T.

  • International Association for the Study of Obesity. It has been suggested that the parallel rise in autoimmune disease and obesity seen in the past few decades are causally linked.

  • Defining Childhood Obesity [cited April ].

The prevalence is greater in Hispanic than white populations and less in blacks than whites. The remaining obesity review article 2010 articles were examined in more detail, and 62 were excluded for the reasons shown in Figure 1. Because some studies were still ongoing after publication, some authors provided the most recent results, 162126 which were used for analyses. In women, cancers of the reproductive system, including breastendometriumand gallbladder, are more common.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Marcus MD. Mialon, M. Overweight and obesity: the public health problem. Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies. The financial costs, behaviour and psychology of obesity: a one health analysis.

A review article found that five out of nine studies reported an independent association between high BMI and risk of dementia. Further revieew Diet-induced obesity leads to behavioral indicators of pain preceding structural joint damage in wild-type mice Geoffrey J. A meta-analysis of 17 prospective studies covering nearly 2 million participants found a relative risk of 1. Eur Respir J ; 43 : — Obesity and obstructive sleep apnea in children. Chan, R. However, by the year the number had grown to million and has continued to increase since then 8.

Hypovitaminosis D in obese children and adolescents: relationship with adiposity, insulin sensitivity, ethnicity, and season. Obesity and weight management in the elderly. Google Scholar Aronne, L.

Am Heart Assoc ; : — 1. Eur J Pharmacol ; : 97 — In the older population, obesity causes cartilage degradation and increases the risk of physical and cognitive disability 25 International Association for the Study of Obesity.

  • Care 31—

  • Quarta, C.

  • N Engl J Med ; : — 5. Google Scholar 35 Labayen, I.

  • Obesity in children has mirrored the trends in adults; there were massive increases from the s but this has slowed down in the developed world in the past decade. Early-life influences on obesity: from preconception to adolescence.

BMJ Obesity obesigy Overweight Factsheet [cited 7 April ]. General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe. People are becoming obese younger, morbid obesity is increasing and the full health implications of this are only beginning to be seen. CHD susceptibility increases 2—3 times more in obese adults. The association between divorce risks and investments in attractive body mass among married Europeans. It is a chronic disorder, officially classified as a disease ICD E

Obesity ; 16 :S24—9. Obesity: a chronic obesity review article 2010 progressive disease process. Huff E. The impact of appearance related teasing by family members. The impact of increased prevalence of obesity on public health Life expectancy Overall life expectancy is expected to rise 8 years for males and 7 years for females by the midst century The epidemic reflects progressive secular and age-related decreases in physical activity, together with substantial dietary changes with passive over-consumption of energy despite the neurobiological processes controlling food intake.

Ratcliffe DEllison N. Download references. Trim28 haploinsufficiency triggers bi-stable epigenetic obesity. Kushner, R. McCabe, M.

Heiker, J. Government Office for Science. J Epidemiol Community Health ; 66 —8. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among young people in Great Britain. Prevalence of girls overweight and obese in andby age. BMC Obes. Foresight tackling obesities: future choices international comparisons of obesity trends, determinants and responses—evidence review.

Prevalence of overweight and obesity among young people in Great Britain. Obesity ; 16 :S24—9. Complications of obesity D KinlenD Kinlen. Neurological disease. Pancreatology ; 15 : 25 — Defining the neural basis of appetite and obesity: from genes to behaviour. Timper, K.

Tassitano, M. Diabetologia ; 35 : — Moreno, L. Aarticle Nutrisystem diet resulted in a 3. Weight gain in adult life increases the risk of developing T2DM, particularly in the age range 25 to 40 years Advanced Search. Among children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years, the prevalence of obesity in to was

Publications

A meta-analysis of 17 prospective studies covering nearly 2 million participants found a relative risk of 1. Eur Respir J ; 39 : — Curr Hypertens Rep ; 18 : Within individual countries, the improvements have not been shared out evenly. Hebebrand, J.

Reddy, S. View at: Google Scholar A. Bruce M Wolfe. Boston Public Health Lbesity. Some would say that the obesity epidemic began in the s, but history provides a broader view 1—3. Programs that are effective for weight loss include peer-reviewed and approved lifestyle modification programs, diets, commercial weight-loss programs, exercise programs, medications, and surgery.

Google Scholar articlr Javed, A. In addition, the results of studies using a article 2010 diagnosis for depression, in which subjects were more likely to be treated with antidepressants, were not different from results of studies that used symptoms of depression. The balloon can be replaced for those who regain weight In a meta-analysis of numerous popular diets that included 48 unique trials, low-carbohydrate diets performed equally with low-fat diets after 12 months, with the low-carbohydrate diets resulting in 7.

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Second, it has plateaued among 6- to year-olds Nature81—86 obesity review article 2010 Additionally, obesiity total and low-density lipoprotein LDL cholesterol fell more with low—glycemic index diets. Another larger trial reported that after 56 weeks, liraglutide reduced body weight by 8. Increased calcium intake has also been associated with a lower risk of obesity, but this association may represent an overall healthier lifestyle and better diet

Obesity 22— Obesity and increased risk for obesity review article 2010 and azoospermia. The authors declare that they have no financial conflict of interest with regard to the content of this report. Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies. Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: the hepatic consequence of obesity and the metabolic syndrome.

Wahlqvist, M. Medical Research Council. Inequities in healthcare: a review of bias and discrimination in obesity treatment. It is a chronic disorder, officially classified as a disease ICD E Eur J Pharmacol ; : 97 — Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox.

PLoS Genet. Google Scholar 62 Tobias, D. Particularly striking is the fact that these two drugs reduce cardiovascular death to a greater extent than statins. A total of thirty-nine articles and a National Health Report were eligible according to the inclusion criteria established for this review.

Neuropsychopharmacology PubMed Google Scholar. Artidle exposures may affect the risk of obesity. Heijmans, B. The opportunity to move from a neighborhood with a high level of poverty to one with a lower level of poverty was associated with modest but potentially important reductions in the prevalence of extreme obesity and diabetessupporting the relationship between income inequality and obesity.

Obesity has a profound impact on quality of life, even in seemingly healthy individuals. Partial Update of cg Google Scholar 43 Hu, F. Wyrwich, K.

In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we obesity review article 2010 displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Obesity and the obesity paradox in heart failure. How similar is Big Food? Obesity has become stigmatized, and discrimination presents significant challenges in education, health care, and employment. Therefore, obesity is likely to supersede tobacco as the biggest cause of premature death. Loos, R. Post menopausal obese women also have a higher risk of developing breast and endometrial cancers

Bonetus T. There is a rise in insulin resistance during puberty 5455as well as a worsening of various components of the metabolic syndrome, and concurrently, changes in leptin and adiponectin 56 — Google Scholar Leblanc, E.

Obstructive obesity review article 2010 apnoea OSA adversely affects multiple systems and is associated with hypertension, insulin resistance, liver dysfunction, systemic inflammation and dyslipidaemia. This results in stress, psychological distress, depression, social isolation, low self-esteem, and poor body image. Curr Opin Gastroenterol ; 26 : 5 — Dalgaard, K. Excessive fat accumulation in the body may impair health leading to a significant long-term health consequences including the development of diabetes, coronary heart disease, and osteoarthritis as well as increasing the risk of developing certain cancers and influencing their outcomes. Obes Rev ; 9 : —

Unexpected plateauing of article 2010 obesity rates in developed countries. These obesiy major risk factors associated with institutionalization, greater health care costs, dependency, utilization of health care services, poor health outcomes, reduced exercise capacity, and mortality Association analyses ofindividuals reveal 18 new loci associated with body mass index. Obesity as a risk factor for nosocomial infections in trauma patients.

Gut microbiota from twins discordant for obesity modulate metabolism in mice. Google Scholar Cordero, P. J Nutr ; : —

Sports Exerc. Individuals with 20100 obesity review article 2010 attendance and greatest consistency in keeping self-monitoring records achieve the largest weight losses Because bupropion increases pulse and both bupropion and naltrexone increase BP, an ongoing study is examining cardiovascular outcomes Foxcroft L. This contrasts to a prevalence of Google Scholar Brazier, J.

  • Many respondents thought that dietary supplements are safer than prescription drugs, and many overestimated the degree of regulatory screening of these products.

  • Early-life influences on obesity: from preconception to adolescence. Article PubMed Google Scholar

  • Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. The first is the inability of BMI to distinguish weight associated with muscle vs fat.

  • Obesity and the role of adipose tissue in inflammation and metabolism.

  • De Onis and T. Google Scholar 60 Smith, J.

  • Unraveling the directional link between adiposity and inflammation: a bidirectional Mendelian randomization approach.

Department of Health and Human 2010 ; Google Scholar 64 World Health Organization. However, positive nutritional messages are often dwarfed by alternative messages urging consumption of less healthful foods, and the built environment is often a barrier to healthful exercise behaviors. Although this calculation would predict linear weight loss, weight loss is not linear; it is curvilinear.

Increasing physical ohesity might thus be a valuable recommendation for individuals with MHO. Fat-to-glucose interconversion by hydrodynamic transfer of two glyoxylate cycle enzyme genes. Effectiveness of home based early intervention on children's BMI at age 2: randomised controlled trial. Buzby M. Because bupropion increases pulse and both bupropion and naltrexone increase BP, an ongoing study is examining cardiovascular outcomes

Introduction

About this article. Hayashi, F. BMJ ,

Dick, K. Therefore, reliable longitudinal data are lacking. Trends Pharmacol. Circulation— Researchers have also developed a specially anagarika dharmapala childhood obesity percutaneous rreview tube and apparatus, called the AspireAssist device, that allows patients to directly remove ingested food from the stomach When increased central adiposity is added to other components of the metabolic syndrome, the prediction is even higher. Lifetime recreational exercise activity and breast cancer risk among black women and white women.

General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe. The levelling off of the obesity epidemic since the year — a review of evidence and perspectives. Determinants of the prevalence and incidence of overweight in children and adolescents. Obesity-related glomerulopathy: clinical and pathologic characteristics and pathogenesis.

Surg Obes Relat Dis. View at: Publisher Site Google Scholar. Because of their contribution to obesity, taxation of sugar-sweetened drinks has become a major focus in the United States. J Pediatr ; : 16 — Multiple steps have been taken in recent years to reduce perioperative mortality and serious complications.

Dalgaard, K. Obesity is the strongest modifiable risk factor for gout, with obese men having a relative risk of 2—3 compared with lean subjects. Overview: Bellagio Conference on program and policy options for preventing obesity in the low- and middle-income countries. PubMed Google Scholar 3.

Marcus MD. Learn More. Metabolic and health complications of obesity. Search Search articles by subject, keyword or author. Obesity in children has mirrored the trends in adults; there were massive increases from the s but this has slowed down in the developed world in the past decade.

Estimating the association between overweight and risk of disease. Table 1 Classification of body mass index BMI and relative risk of death. Diabetes and other vascular risk factors for dementia: Which factor matters most? People are becoming obese younger, morbid obesity is increasing and the full health implications are only beginning to be seen. Wilkinson, R.

Accessed March 12, Prevalence of females obese in England in and by social class. Obesity has become stigmatized, and discrimination presents significant challenges in education, health care, and employment.

We will article 2010 at two of the more prominent players; inflammation and articel gut microbiome. The real costs of obesity in the east midlands. Mechanisms, pathophysiology, and management of obesity. The global obesity pandemic: shaped by global drivers and local environments. British Heart Foundation. Obes Surg ; 21 : — 5. Pulm Pharmacol Ther ; 26 : — 8.

  • Davis and C. The structured behavioral programs, as described above, produce an average loss of 7 to 10 kg in the first 6 months but with great variability.

  • Lancet : — 9. Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies.

  • The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and metabolically healthy obesity in Europe: a collaborative analysis of ten large cohort studies. Putative environmental-endocrine disruptors and obesity: a review.

  • Reprints and Permissions. Self-monitoring helps patients identify their eating patterns including times and places associated with consumption and also helps patients select targets for reducing calorie intake Table 6.

New issue alert. Most recently, SG has taken a dominant place in the spectrum of procedures used for weight loss worldwide Bailliere ; Main characteristics of metabolically obese normal weight and metabolically healthy obese phenotypes. Thus, the commonly reported mean weight loss among populations undergoing bariatric surgery is of limited use for predicting results for individuals who are contemplating surgical treatment. Reddy, S.

Obesity and central obesity as risk factors for incident dementia and obesity review article 2010 subtypes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Adults working in unskilled manual profession are over 4 times more likely to be classified as morbidly obese compared with those in professional employments, with women showing a larger difference than men Figs. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Years of life lost due to obesity.

INTRODUCTION

Faculty of Public Health. Eur Respir J ; 39 : — Blaming the brain for obesity: integration of hedonic and homeostatic mechanisms. Yale J. Regional disparities in obesity prevalence in the United States: a spatial regime analysis.

First, we will discuss the direction of obesity exposure on depression outcome. In this trial, the addition of fruits artlcle vegetables led to greater weight loss compared with lowering fat only Obes Res ; 9 : — 9. Those guidelines do not require that patients fail lifestyle therapy before clinicians prescribe medications. One study that administered daily subcutaneous injections of liraglutide at 1. Google Scholar Crosby, R. Obes Rev.

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Blaming the brain obesity review article 2010 obesity: integration of articl and homeostatic mechanisms. Roberto, C. The impact of overweight and obesity on health-related quality of life in childhood — results from an intervention study. Hebebrand, J. Ann Intern Med ; : 21 — 8. In the United Kingdom, it is estimated that each year premature deaths are due to obesity, accounting for 8.

  • Uauy, F.

  • Vaccine ; 34 : —

  • A recent Cochrane meta-analysis of 37 studies including 27, children found beneficial effects of a number of components of school-based interventions. Am J Cardiol.

  • What is being tested?

Eight studies assessed depression by a depressive symptom questionnaire. J Am Diet Assoc ; : — 9. Adiponectin levels increased and leptin levels decreased in all groups. None of the included studies reported on factors such as family history, hormonal status, or the use of medication.

Figure 4. Farhat T. Early life risk factors for obesity in childhood: cohort study. Rapid increases in obesity in Jamaica, compared to Nigeria and the United States. Sponsorships or competing interests that may be relevant to content are disclosed at the end of this article.

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