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Qualitative research study on obesity: Primary care support for tackling obesity: a qualitative study of the perceptions of obese patients

Morgan, M.

Matthew Cox
Thursday, February 25, 2021
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  • A longitudinal study of motives for wishing to be thinner and weight-control practices in 7- to year old Swedish girls. Needing supports to make up for gaps in willpower, 3.

  • Ethnicity, language, and weight considered.

  • P11 explained:. For P10, however, this type of criticism made him want to start eating even more.

  • Individuals recruited using articles in local newspaper, convenience sampling and at a later stage purposive sampling techniques to diversify the sample. Participants will almost certainly alter their responses to questions as against their perceptions of the size of the interviewer and other influences in the context of the interview.

  • To thrive, humans typically need to participate in a variety of activities with different meanings [ 45 ]. Author identifies herself as undertaking interviews.

Publication types

BMC Public Health, 8, Thomas, J. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 18, Clinical Obesity, 1, Chang, C.

Throsby UK Obesity explore the discursive resources and strategies available to those who are, or who have been, very overweight in accounting for their size. Peer pressure among adolescent girls. Interventions to break and create consumers habits. The data were collected between January and March Additional search terms can be viewed in the Appendix.

The COREQ guidance for assessing quality in research highlights the value of explicit details of the theoretical position and methods [7]. Byrne, et al. Thematic analysis. Pound, P.

  • Clear information about study participants is essential, but studies involving face-to-face interviews should also report on interviewer characteristics including body size.

  • Dingwall, R.

  • Geneva:

  • There is evidence for social class and ethnicity divisions in the prevalence of obesity and, very clearly, in the health consequences of obesity such as diabetes []. Similar to what was observed in the body shape and size ideal theme, peer pressure was also an important factor in adolescent food choices.

Relationships have also been found between obesity and work conditions including long hours, but again not weight loss. Indeed 22 studies With the exception of the records from ProQuest Central, all the records found using the search terms were included in the screening process. Just over half Participants believed that developing self help and group support should also be a main avenue for service development. Thus, understanding how recommended weight loss activities such as dietary changes and exercise effect the well-being and activity balance in everyday life should be a part of a weight loss programme. Moreover, women encountered pressure from family and friends to attain normative cultural body sizes [ 29 ].

Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; Their prior experiences of not being able to maintain quakitative weight fed their fears about the future and negatively influenced their self-efficacy. I liked it. Perceptions relating to body size, weight loss and weight-loss interventions in black South African women: a qualitative study. This indicates that efforts to decrease the burden of adult female overweight and obesity must also target contributing factors in adolescents.

To examine how individuals who lose significant weight negotiate this challenge to self and identity. Health and Social Care in the Community, 18, International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 19, Sage, London. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22,

However, researchers face a qualitaitve within a short article to provide detailed methodological background. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 20, Participants qualitative research study on obesity from community and medical centres in urban Chicago. However, the source of these expectations appeared to be internal thought processes rather than actual experiences in primary care. However, the socio-economic biases in particular are difficult to judge from the reviewed papers and this is an important limitation.

To investigate psychological factors associated with weight obesity and relapse in obesity. Accuracy of retrospective recall of experiences from about reseagch years earlier. The majority considered quality issues in data collection, analyses and generalizability of findings. Social Psychology Quarterly, 69, The interviews were carried out by researchers from varied health back grounds to determine whether this influenced the views expressed by patients. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61, BMC Public Health, 8,

The participants were thus recruited in two different ways. Conclusion The challenges of improving access to and quality of primary care support in tackling obesity are made more complex by patients' ambivalence and other effects of the stigma associated with obesity. Existing evidence on the sociocultural context remains unconsolidated. The Danish Health Authority recommends formalized weight loss programming for treatment of overweight and obesity [ 2 ].

Niewohner, J. Analyses typically proceed through iterative stages of coding data to inductively develop, for example, themes, frameworks and theories [11]. The psychological toll that obesity took on participants was also reflected in their desire for more support. Nations United.

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Provenance and peer review: Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed. Jackson, A. I was lazy even here at home. Am Mark Assoc. Buckingham: Open University Press; The theory of planned behavior.

  • Management of overweight and obese adults. Participants did not negate the need for knowledge about diet and physical activity, or the need to change their diet or activity levels.

  • Appreciation of the methods, quality criteria and reporting standards needed for rigorous qualitative research has also become established; and a number of excellent checklists and guides are available [].

  • Throsby UK To explore the discursive resources and strategies available to those who are, or who have been, very overweight in accounting for their size. We also thank the primary care teams who helped us recruit patients and the individual volunteers who participated in the study.

  • We appraised the full report of 61 studies and excluded 30 studies for the following qualitative research reasons: nine did not provide sufficient information about how obeity were collected and analyzed or about participant characteristics to be sure participants were mainly obese; seven the sample majority were normal weight or underweight; five the focus was not obesity with inductive analysis of qualitative data; five did not use face-to-face data collection methods; three the sample were not adults; and in one duplicate findings were reported in more detail in an included study. Unlike adult women, being overweight and obese was not socially accepted, and girls with such body sizes were victimized [ 182431 ].

  • P6 said:.

The psychological toll that obesity took on participants was also reflected in their desire for more support. As above. Whilst obesity affects all social groups obesity is important in the context of medical research to consider health inequalities more carefully. When talking about staying committed to their weight loss efforts, the participants also noted that they needed more than verbal support. Content analysis using constant comparative method. Changing to doing something with positive meaning. Jackson, A.

Thomas, J. This study review s the methodology employed by qualitative studies in which study participants were obese and data collection involved face-to-face interviews. Second, it removes the effects of the body size of the interviewer from influencing the data. Qualitative studies of obesity: A review of methodology. Six focus groups-self-reported height and weight to determine the BMI of each individual.

INTRODUCTION

Douglas, F. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 17, Participants will almost certainly alter their responses to questions as against their perceptions of the size of the interviewer and other influences in the context of the interview.

Clinical Obesity, 1, Recruitment of participants at the outset of a trial of commercial weight loss programmes. Participants were recruited from a commercial slimming organisation in South Yorkshire. Novick, G.

Adolescent girls reported similar experiences as adult women: thinness signified HIV infection and influenced the willingness of obese girls to lose weight, and being voluptuous was regarded as more attractive [ 212431 ]. Strength and limitation We wanted to understand the wishes for at weight loss programme related to the municipalities. An obese South African woman clearly described these cultural expectations: "According to our values and cultureit is important for a woman to have a large body. One participant described it as going from a fun thing making and eating food to a healthy thing doing exercise.

Associated Data

Methodology information was systematically extracted from the 31 included study reports and summarized in qualotative for analysis. This study reviews the methodology employed by qualitative studies in which study participants were obese and data collection involved face-to-face interviews. Dingwall, R. None identified. To examine how individuals who lose significant weight negotiate this challenge to self and identity.

Stud Danish Health Authority recommends formalized weight loss programming for treatment of overweight and obesity [ 2 ]. Interviews Semistructured interviews were conducted by ES and audio-recorded with consent. Google Scholar 4. University of Glasgow ethical approval was obtained for the qualitative substudy and participants completed consent forms, including permission to publish anonymised extracts from their interviews. It is therefore advised that caution should be exercised in the applications of the findings to a different SSA country. Qualitative content analysis. Women were resistant to losing weight to avoid being characterized as ill even though they were aware of the health conditions linked to being overweight [ 1719 ].

Hart, K. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 19, BMC Public Health, 8, Health Expectations, 11,

Background

World Health Organization. However, the evidence of advantages and disadvantages is still limited with respect to obesity. A further important limitation is the lack of attention to how interviewer characteristics influence data collection.

Addressing the barriers to healthy food choices and engagement in physical activity identified in this research synthesis requires the development of national guidelines and the implementation of qualitative research study on obesity evidence-based policy and program options from the WHO Global Action Plan [ 5 ], which have been endorsed by Member States including SSA countries. No broad approach specified Transcript data coded into grouped themes or topics. Jones, et al. View Article Google Scholar PLoS One ;8:e After repeated readings of the extracted data, findings from each study were categorized on the basis of concept similarity and restated in a summarized fashion. Child Obes ; 8 —

Oxford: Radcliffe Medical Press; London: The Stationary Office; Download references. Am Mark Assoc. Of course, within a qualitative methodology there is no true or false simple reality—just a greater demand, as in the COREQ criteria, for reflexivity as to the contexts and influences on the data generated.

Australian Journal of Rural Health, 16, Weaver, N. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61, Singh, A.

Sage, London. Chapple, A. Novick, G. Byrne, et al. Nine studies refer sufficiently to Grounded Theory to be clear that this was the main theoretical underpinning.

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No mention of age, ethnicity or body size of interviewer. Chang et al. WHO recommendations: optimizing health worker roles to improve access to key maternal and newborn health interventions through task shifting. Reilly JJ. Very typically these views related to perceptions of under developed and rushed services:. Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge Dumisa Nyarambi for providing review assistance during the preparation of this manuscript. Table 1 Interviewguide Full size table.

Public Health Resource Obese dog, England. Recruitment via combination of methods including media publicity, advertisements, health professionals, commercial and community based weight loss organizations. Analysed using discourse analysis. Psychological issues might have been better discussed in individual interviews. The study was conducted at a Family Medicine clinic at a southeastern academic medical center. Green, J.

The use of telephone interviewing for qualitative research. NOTE: Project undertaken with the support of two lay team members, each with personal experience of anti-obesity drugs. Heading, G. Thematic inductive hand codingconstant comparative methods.

Guilford Press, New York. Huppertz, M. Ogden, J. Chan and Gillick USA To explore construction of identities in relation to fatness and disability. Cooper, Z.

  • No mention of gender; age, ethnicity or body size of focus group facilitators. Women were resistant to losing weight to avoid being characterized as ill even though they were aware of the health conditions linked to being overweight [ 1719 ].

  • Obesity stigma has general consequences in many spheres of life for affected individuals.

  • Avenues for development Participants believed that developing self help and group support should also be a main avenue for service development. Lack of recreational opportunities.

  • Yardley, L.

  • Weaver, N. J Phys Act Health ;—

Obesity stigma: Important considerations for public health. Guidelines on management of adult obesity and overweight in primary care. Qualitattive suggests that health professionals may also have negative attitudes and that patients may be reluctant to access services. The team included two patient representatives with personal experience of obesity who had been recruited via an advertisement circulated to community and patient support groups likely to have an interest in obesity.

BMC Public Health, 8, Derogatory portrayals of obesity are qualitative research study on obesity within the culture and media of these societies. Sabinsky, M. Analyses proceeded through multiple stages refining data coding to support inductive analyses. Puhl, R. In this paper, we report on a literature review of qualitative studies in which the study participants were adults categorized as obese and the data collection involved face-to-face methods.

Health5 Furlanetto, D. To investigate psychological factors associated with weight maintenance and relapse in obesity. Morgan, M. Nutrition Journal, 7,

Discussion Studies that track from adolescence into adulthood are relatively rare. Jones and colleagues [35] note that participants may have felt uncomfortable if the interviewer was also a dietician. Almost all the participants had experienced a diet-related eight loss failure. Download references.

  • BMI as a selection parameter for recuitment.

  • In some societies, obesity brings a strongly devalued physical and moral identity, creating challenges for those affected by obesity in managing their identity and in presenting themselves in social interaction.

  • Obesity: Third Report of Session —

  • Recruitment from a remote rural community in NSW via newspaper article, posters, adverts and presentations.

Qualltative up, eat the same every day, exercise. Look at her. Download references. Data analysis was lead by one qualitative research study on obesity of the research team. Food was something fun to make and to share with others. The majority of studies of obesity provide sufficient pragmatic information appropriate to the publication context and most report clearly the study setting, sampling and methods of data collection with attention to quality issues within these methods.

Sarlio-Lahteenkorva Finland To increase understanding of obesity by analysing why permanent weight loss is difficult to achieve. References [ 1 ] Boulton, Qualitative research study on obesity. Thomas, S. There has been growing interest in the perspectives and experiences of patients living with obesity and a developing appreciation of the degree to which obesity is a stigmatized condition, associated with negative attitudes and discrimination in many countries [15,16]. Murphy, E.

Cooper, Z. Age-based discrimination in physical activity was also reported to exist in schools stduy 21 ]. Again throughout qualitative research study on obesity Uni career, first to fourth year, I gradually, I definitely improved. But these factors interact for the worse with patients' own thoughts and feelings about their personal responsibility, sense of stigma and expectation of negative stereotypes. Gibbs G.

In other wordsour culture does not allow women to be thin. Recruitment from solo general practices in Germany. Byrne, S. No mention of gender; ageethnicity or body size of interviewers.

Thematic inductive hand codingconstant comparative methods. As above. Cooper, Z. Brinck, A.

Intrapersonal factors. Eur Psychol ;— BMC Public Health ; 14 We tried to use narrow search terms, but this excluded important articles we already identified in other databases.

  • London, Puhl R, Suh Y.

  • British Journal of Community Nursing, 9, Thomas, D.

  • Cole T, Pan H.

  • Only three study reports reflected on how interviewer characteristics could have affected data collection processes and findings.

As the original study did not set out to specifically identify some of the themes highlighted here, particularly professional support, identity and vigilance, qualifative cannot know if other participants might have discussed these issues had the interview included them. Byrne, et al. Cooper, Z. World Medical Association. However, the insights gained from this synthesis provide a background on potential contributing factors related to female overweight and obesity in sub-Saharan Africa to guide the design of additional studies that assess the contribution of these factors to overweight and obesity in order to prioritize intervention targets.

Qualitative studies of obesity: A review of methodology. This study reviews the methodology employed by qualitative studies in which qualitaive participants were obese and qualitative research study on obesity collection involved face-to-face interviews. Participants recruited from a larger study of low calorie diet. European Journal of Public Health, 23, In common with most clinical studies, the qualitative research about obesity is likely to be biased to those who are better off, middle aged, better educated and without the more disabling comorbidities that make participation in research difficult.

  • The COREQ guidance for assessing quality in research highlights the value of explicit details of the theoretical position and methods [7].

  • Recruited prior to surgery in hospital obesity treatment centre. Studies involving face-to-face interviews should report on salient interviewer characteristics including body size.

  • Overall different individuals were involved in the studies participants if including repeat samples of same individuals within different studies. A strong sense of personal responsibility and stigma related cognitions contribute to patients' ambivalence about accessing and using primary care services despite an otherwise positive view of general practice.

  • Psarou and Brown UK To explore the views and experiences of obese patients prescribed anti-obesity drugs in primary care, including their understanding of guidance about lifestyle changes.

  • Securing good health for the whole population. Nurse Researcher, 6,

Systematic reviews and syntheses of qualitative studies are recognized as a useful contribution to evidence and policy development []. Participants recruited from community and medical centres in urban Chicago. Journals Menu. Social Psychology Quarterly, 69,

Community sampling methods were supplemented with purposive sampling techniques to ensure a diverse range of qualitative research study on obesity were included. Overall different individuals were involved in the studies participants if including repeat samples of same individuals within different studies. Inequalities linked to obesity are complex and shifting [14,51]. Indeed 22 studies Analysed using discourse analysis. Lynch, et al.

Smith, et al. No details of gender, mean age, mean BMI. The interviews were carried out by researchers from varied health back grounds to determine whether this influenced the views expressed by patients.

International Journal of Studdy Health Promotion, 12, Social Psychology Quarterly, 69, To gain an understanding of the beliefs of overweight people about the causes of obesity and effective interventions to reduce it. Following screening and appraisal data were systematically extracted and analyzed from 31 studies. Telephone interviews have potential, therefore, and might be considered in study design as an alternative to face-to-face methods.

  • Participants typically felt reluctance when presenting with concerns about weight and ambivalence about the services received. Quality of life and obesity.

  • Sage, London.

  • Highly successful weight control by formerly obese adolescents: a qualitative test of the Healthy Obsession Model.

  • Transcript data coded into concepts and themes fitting the theoretical framework explored. Thomas, A.

The commonalities between the researchers and participants gave way to a comfortable, free sharing atmosphere which enhanced the quality of the data. Wiesner, J. Recruitment of participants at the outset of a trial of commercial weight loss programmes. British Medical Journal,e

Both authors worked initially independently to identify and then agree on key themes and issues from the extracted data. Barriers and facilitators to the implementation of lay health worker programmes to improve access to maternal and child health: qualitative evidence synthesis. A mix of settings and recruitment strategies is used in the larger studies; some of the community based studies recruited participants active in commercial slimming programs. Further, they wanted the strategies they were taught from weight loss programmes to be applicable to their life circumstances.

Jones and colleagues [35] note that participants may have felt uncomfortable if the interviewer was also a dietician. In T, Pan H. Results Description of the included studies A total of 17 studies were included in this qualitative research synthesis. Municipal programmes include education about diet, exercise and different forms of cognitive therapy, but those components are not standardized, which contributes to a high degree of heterogeneity in terms of programme content, delivery structure and dose [ 17 ]. Br J Community Nurs.

Five focus groups. Analyses proceeded through reeearch stages refining data coding to support inductive analyses. Obesity ; 15 — All codes were then arranged into 12 subcategories and further into six categories, to give a comprehensive understanding of all the interviews [ 31 ]. Notes Funding The University of Sheffield funded an interviewer and the transcription of interviews reference RB London: Royal College of Physicians; J Nurs Res ; 22 —

The majority of reports are from authors working in academic institutions in developed countries. Study information about study participants is essential, but studies involving face-to-face interviews should also report on interviewer characteristics including body size. Thomas, J. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 61, Recruitment of patients from primary care dietetics clinics in Ayrshire, West Scotland.

However, researchers face a challenge within a short article to provide detailed methodological background. Neergaard, M. J Child Fam Stud ;— Thirteen of them were primarily exploratory qualitative studies while four studies combined exploratory qualitative methods with quantitative methods mixed-methods studies.

  • Among adolescents, however, we noted a lower social acceptance of overweight and obesity expressed through weight-related victimization involving bullying and teasing from their peers [ 212431 ].

  • Even so, researchers employing face-to-face methods must recognize that people are conscious of obesity stigma and, therefore, the interview interaction presents a heightened challenge as regards management of self and identity. Baynouna, L.

  • Obes Facts. One recommended strategy to improve the food environment within institutions and in the broader environment from the Global Action Plan are policy measures that engage food producers and processors to increase the affordability and availability of fruits and vegetables; and substitute saturated fats in processed foods with unsaturated fats [ 5 ].

  • Of course, within a qualitative methodology there is no true or false simple reality—just a greater demand, as in the COREQ criteria, for reflexivity as to the contexts and influences on the data generated. Article Google Scholar 7.

Exploring the perspectives of obese adolescent girls. I spend [sic] most of my school years trying obesity prove myselfwhich has all been in vain. Copenhagen: Ministry of Health; Ostberg, et al. However, their perception of services generally was positive and this reflects wider surveys of primary care. Six focus groups. Thematic inductive hand codingconstant comparative methods.

Murphy, E. The majority considered quality issues in data collection, analyses and generalizability of findings. Douglas, F. No mention of gender; ageethnicity or body size of interviewers.

Danish clinical guidelines for examination and treatment of overweight and obese children and adolescents in a pediatric setting. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 12, A purposive sampling strategy was employed to include a diverse range of experiences and social backgrounds of participants. BMC Public Health, 10, The global obesity pandemic: shaped by global drivers and local environments.

Currently 1. The majority considered quality issues in data collection, analyses and generalizability of findings. Needing supports to make up for gaps in willpower, 3. Further descriptions of these sub-themes with supporting quotes are presented below.

Greatbatch, D. International Journal of Obesity, 31, However, in some studies it was difficult to discern any distinct methodological underpinning. We employed established methods in searches, appraisal, data extraction and analysis of relevant literature []. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61, Tod, A. BMC Public Health, 8,

Brinck, A. Sarlio-Lahteenkorva, S. BMC Public Health, 8, In practice, in health and medical research, the data are typically gathered from individual or group interviews or, less frequently, from observation of interactions such as between patient and clinician within a consultation. Neergaard, M. Lancet, ,

Chanteur indien obese dog Menu. Participants will almost certainly alter their responses to questions as against their perceptions of the size of the interviewer and other influences in the context of the interview. The insufficiency of shared representations destabilizes the therapeutic relationship and its construction: an important issue in the doctor-child-parent relationship in this context is the need to exchange their viewpoints of obesity. Health Vol. Social contexts emphasizing large body size as a problem, including research interviews, may amplify obesity stigma. No mention of gender; age, ethnicity or body size of moderator s. Content analysis using constant comparative method.

London, We did not attempt to otherwise weed out weaker studies because we were not concerned with the findings of the studies but with their reported methods. Am Mark Assoc. I must have laboured for about six months.

Community sampling methods were supplemented with purposive sampling techniques to ensure a diverse range of individuals were included. There is evidence for social class and ethnicity divisions in the prevalence of obesity and, very clearly, in the health consequences of obesity such as diabetes []. British Journal of Community Nursing, 9, Analyses proceeded through multiple stages refining data coding to support inductive analyses. Heuer, C. PLoS Medicine, 4,

Clinical Obesity, 1, Ostberg, A. Analysis by obesity authors with open coding leading to identification of themes. Communication skills to establish a good rapport with a participant and to maintain a comfortable and non-judgmental setting are critical in interview methods [54]. Weaver, et al. The advantages of telephone interviews are worth reiterating.

Open in a separate window. One obrsity strategy to improve the food environment within institutions and in the broader environment from the Global Action Plan are policy measures that engage food producers and processors to increase the affordability and availability of fruits and vegetables; and substitute saturated fats in processed foods with unsaturated fats [ 5 ]. The fact they emerged spontaneously is a strength, but because they were not a consistent focus of the study, conclusions on differences between the BMI trajectory groups must remain tentative. Warren, J.

Psychosocial origins of obesity stigma: toward changing a powerful and pervasive bias. Basics of qualitative research: techniques and obese dog for developing grounded theory. Addressing overweight and obesity poses a challenge for even advanced economies, with no reversals in the trajectory recorded in any country [ 50 ]. Overall different individuals were involved in the studies participants if including repeat samples of same individuals within different studies. Even when they were not physically exercising.

Diet, however, was much more sterile and prescriptive. Qualitative content analysis. British Medical Journal, Agreement about time and place for the interviews were agreed upon on the phone. For example, Gallagher et al.

  • Discussion and conclusion To the best of our knowledge, this is the first qualitative research synthesis surfacing the contextual factors that predispose adult women and adolescent girls to overweight and obesity in sub-Saharan African countries.

  • No broad approach specified Transcript data coded into grouped themes or topics.

  • International Journal of Obesity, 31,

  • Lancet, However, the studies were weak as regards researcher reflexivity in relation to interviewer characteristics and obesity stigma.

Morgan, M. Chang, K. Does not give ages. Devaux, M. Quality in Health Care, 3, Recruitment of African American women via community organizations in Pittsburgh area. Byrne, S.

Community sampling methods were supplemented with purposive sampling techniques to ensure rfsearch diverse qualitative research study on obesity of individuals were included. Greatbatch, D. No mention of age, ethnicity or body size of interviewer. WHO, Geneva. The sampling setting appears to have been convenience but several studies make a virtue of recruiting either patients or a non-patient community sample in considering the application of findings. Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Thirteen studies reported only a BMI range indicating obese participants. Contact us. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 16,

Chan, N. Potential recall bias. Grounded Theory. First, it potentially makes the study more accessible to participants reluctant to arrange a face-to-face interview; this may include men. Novick, G.

  • Participants will almost certainly alter their responses to questions as against their perceptions of the size of the interviewer and other influences in the context of the interview. What knowledge, attitudes and perceptions contribute to overweight, obesity, poor food choices, and inadequate physical activity among adult African women and adolescent girls?

  • Thematic analysis using Framework Approach.

  • Agreement about time and place for the interviews were agreed upon on the phone. JN identified relevant themes, CW categorised participants on the basis of their adolescent and age 24 BMIs, HS identified relevant literature and first-drafted the paper.

  • Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61, However, obesity is a stigmatised condition associated with negative stereotypes. Thompson, J. Sage, London. Heuer, C.

Design of study Qualitative study with semi-structured interviews conducted in participants' homes. Currently 1. Our goal is to develop a municipal level, evidence-based programme to reduce overweight and obesity and enhance the quality of weight loss programmes. World Medical Association. Article Google Scholar Lack of recreational opportunities. Including participants with those experiences could have led to different perspectives to the aim of understanding the wishes for a weight loss programme.

Key factors shaping food choices included migration, cost, peer pressure, and the food environment [ 1920262731 ]. I mean it didn't bother me, but you know, maybe they just felt a bit embarrassed about bringing the subject … I don't know. Textual data and quotes were synthesized using meta-aggregation methods proposed by the Joanna Briggs Institute. Improving food environments and tackling obesity: A realist systematic review of the policy success of regulatory interventions targeting population nutrition. A qualitative study of Australian adults.

Puhl, R. Analyses proceeded through multiple stages refining data coding to support inductive analyses. International Journal of Obesity, 37, No broad approach specified Transcript data coded into grouped themes or topics.

They also reported receiving inadequate physical activity guidance from health care professionals, causing them to rely on family and friends for qualitative research study on obesity [ 2228 ]. Recruitment mainly via a website of participants from England and Scotland who were either waiting for or had had surgery for obesity. USA: Slack Incorporated; The widespread societal belief that overweight and obese individuals are lazy, and that weight stigma is a beneficial incentive for weight loss, may explain the victimization experiences associated with adiposity [ 41 — 43 ].

Women Three focus groups. Heuer, C. Warren, J.

Framework Analysis. Thematic inductive hand codingconstant comparative methods. This has important, but uncharted, consequences for research about obesity, particularly, research involving face-to-face interaction in data collection. Inequalities linked to obesity are complex and shifting [14,51]. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61,

Appear to have included less educated groups of men from lower socio-economic backgrounds. British Journal of Community Nursing, 9, Chan, N. Grounded Theory. Health and Social Care in the Community, 18,

Health behavior change for obesity management. Framing the impact of culture on health: a systematic review of the PEN-3 cultural model and its application in public health qualitative research study on obesity and interventions. I starved … … … and when I started eating my body just craved for more food and then I started getting really fat and gained 40 kilos. Google Scholar 2. Included studies are summarized within Table 2 [ 52]. Patient engagement — what works? The role of social networks in the development of overweight and obesity among adults: a scoping review.

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