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Does a low calcium diet may increase your risk of obesity – Food and Diet

This mineral is also found in fish such as tuna, mackerel and herring.

Matthew Cox
Monday, May 10, 2021
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  • The observed effect is probably an underestimation of the true effect of calcium, because of the lack of adherence to the supplement protocol over such a long time, but the study does not suggest that calcium supplementation plays a major role as a tool for the prevention of weight gain.

  • Advance article alerts. Owen Pearson is a freelance writer who began writing professionally infocusing on nutritional and health topics.

  • Vitamin D and parathyroid hormone in insulin resistance of abdominal obesity: cause or effect?

  • How many signers of the Declaration of Independence became president? Dairy products are the primary sources of calcium in the typical American diet.

  • Changes in whole-grain, bran, and cereal fiber consumption in relation to 8-y weight gain among men. Effect on dietary fat absorption of orlistat, administered at different times relative to meal intake.

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As expected, we observed significant augmentation of body fat loss and visceral fat loss in the calcium and vitamin D 3 supplemented group after the intervention. Am J Physiol ; : E — 6. The good news is that studies in children and adults have also shown that cutting back on sugary drinks can lead to weight loss.

Whereas a low calcium intake may be detrimental for all attempts to control weight, it may be most relevant to study its effects during weight-loss attempts, when a difference in hunger sensations is an important determinant of compliance and of weight-loss outcome. Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. RdB 1 Heany, R. This entry was posted in CalciumDairyWeight Loss. Obesity and Metabolism Disorders. However, of the randomized controlled trials considered in the systematic review, only one study was specifically designed and powered to examine whether calcium supplementation led to a change in body weight 5.

See below. A number of randomized trials of calcium supplementation, either from supplements or from dairy products, have been reported, but those studies did not produce a clear outcome. Physiol Rev ; 81 : — Stress results in the release of hormones which triggers the clot formation.

Introduction

Can obesity cause breast cancer? Write your answer Previously Viewed. Pearson obtained a bachelor's degree in art from the University of Rio Grande in All Rights Reserved.

  • We searched the literature from to date for randomized controlled trials RCTs on weight loss that had increased calcium or vitamin D per seor in combination. Download citation.

  • Am J Clin Nutr ; 85 : — By causing illnesses such as Scurvy and Rickets.

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  • These conditions cause excessive calcium levels in your bloodstream by triggering your body to leach this mineral from your bones, where most of the calcium in your body is stored. Tordoff MG.

Obesity and stress are confirmed modifiable risk factors of Ischemic heart disease. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with od written permission of Multiply. For example, in one study 1researchers evaluated correlations between calcium intake and body weight in women. What factors increase the risk of hypothyroidism? Am J Clin Nutr ; 88 : — Obesity increases the risk of hypertension because fat collects in your arteries, which restricts blood flow, and increases your blood pressure. Often a diet that is good in one area is too high in other areas and can cause weight gain.

Why is it a good idea to use sugar in moderation? All Rights Reserved. Is Chocolate Protective Of Cancer? Stress results in the release of hormones which triggers the clot formation.

About Robert Barrington

Meat consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. Modifications in food-group consumption are related to long-term body-weight changes. Dairy beverages and energy balance. Google Preview.

Dietary records were analyzed, using the Nutrition Calculator Software version 2. Teegarden D, Zemel MB Calcium increxse, dairy productsbody weightfatty acid synthasefat absorption. They eat meals that fall into an overall eating pattern, and researchers have begun exploring whether particular diet or meal patterns help with weight control or contribute to weight gain. Low-fat diets have long been touted as the key to a healthy weight and to good health. Nutrients 183— See Carbohydrates and Weightbelow.

After selling abstract art online for five years, Pearson published a nonfiction book detailing kncrease process of building a successful online art business. For example, removal of the parathyroid gland may cure hypercalcemia in patients with parathyroid disorders, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. They also pointed out theoretical shortcomings of the hypothesis of Zemel et al, such as the negligible role of de novo lipogenesis in fat gain in humans 2. Some supermarkets and health food stores also carry dairy replacements made from rice and almond milk. Google Scholar Crossref. What are 3 facts about obesity? Still have questions?

Background

Over time, reduced intake of calcium may contribute to osteoporosis, a condition s by a decrease in bone density and increased risk of fractures. Conditions and Diseases. Obes Rev Feb 15 Epub ahead of print. Opting for dairy replacements instead of cow's milk, cheese, yogurt and cottage cheese may help reduce calcium levels in your bloodstream. What are four increase health risk associated with diet in fat?

Monitoring compliance and determining adherers to the weight-loss program, is also crucial to the outcome measured. Dietary calcium, a non-energy-supplying nutrient, has been identified as playing a pivotal role in the regulation of energy and lipid metabolism [ 1 ]. Vitamin status in morbidly obese patients: a cross-sectional study. All of the anthropometric measurements and blood chemistry tests were repeated at the end of wk intervention, while body composition was obtained at 4-wk intervals.

Fast food restaurant use among women youd the Pound of Prevention study: dietary, behavioral and demographic correlates. National Institutes of Health. Electricity auto-generating skin patch promotes wound healing process by activation of mechanosensitive ion channels. The bioavailability of calcium from dairy sources is not considered to be greater than that of calcium supplied as nondairy foods, except for calcium from a few plant sources with a high phytate or high oxalate content, which can interfere with calcium absorption 40 Decreased bioavailability of vitamin D in obesity.

REFERENCES

Skip Nav Destination Article Navigation. Overweight and obesity in the United States: prevalence and trends, — Fruits and vegetables are also high in water, which may help people feel fuller on fewer calories. Bone gain in young adult women.

  • Ann Intern Med ; 98 : — 5. Vitamin D status and its relationship to body fat, final height, and peak bone mass in young women.

  • Who is most at risk of obesity? Whole-body energy expenditure and fat oxidation were measured by indirect calorimetry, subcutaneous adipose tissue lipolysis was assessed by microdialysis, and gene expression studies were conducted on adipose tissue that underwent biopsy.

  • The scientific term for this is that they have a high glycemic index and glycemic load. These elevated intraadipocyte calcium concentrations might then increase the rate of lipogenesis and inhibit lipolysis, consequently leading to increased adiposity.

  • Zemel M.

  • The diet is also rich in fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans, and fish.

Fast food restaurant use among women in the Pound of Prevention study: dietary, behavioral yuor demographic correlates. Decreased dietary calcium also decreases saponification of fatty acids FAs in the gut bound to calcium and thus may increase body fat stores by increasing the absorption of fat. Table 2 indicated anthropometric and metabolic variables at baseline and after 12 weeks, as well as changes in these variables between measurement periods. Association of consumption of fried food away from home with body mass index and diet quality in older children and adolescents. NIH Consensus Statement. The relationship between obesity and serum 1,dihydroxy vitamin D concentrations in healthy adults. Reprints and Permissions.

The evidence base currently available for the effect of vitamin D per seis meagre. More recently, Off et al 91516 studied transgenic mice with an overexpression of the agouti gene 42specifically in adipocytes. Limitations There are relatively few RCTs that have been primarily designed to uncover the potential of calcium or vitamin D alone, or in combination, to influence body fatness and its distribution during weight loss. Body fat content and hydroxyvitamin D levels in healthy women. E-mail: pariks mail.

REFERENCES

Consume more than the body burns, obsity goes up. Differential associations of fast food and restaurant food consumption with 3-y change in body mass index: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. A systematic review of the effects of calcium supplementation on body weight. Am J Clin Nutr 87— It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

RdB 1 Heany, R. In some cases, hypercalcemia may lead to coma. Advanced Search. People who are obese are obwsity higher risk because fat can store hormones such as estrogen that play a part in breast cancer and toxins that may be linked to cancer. Dairy products are the primary sources of calcium in the typical American diet.

What are risk factors for obesity? Which form of Vitamin D? What type of fat deposition increase risk for cardiovascular disease? Some supermarkets and health food stores also carry dairy replacements made from rice and almond milk. Recent developments in calcium-related obesity research. How does obesity increase the risk for developing hypertension? Name two risk factors for arthritis?

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Article Navigation. In the same vein, higher vitamin D intake and elevated level of serum 25 OH D have been reported to be related to lower adiposity [ 78 ] and metabolic health [ 9 ]. E-mail: pariks mail.

Google Scholar. This possibility has led to the formulation of the hypothesis that a calcium-deficient diet, which easily be experienced during an energy-restricted weight-loss diet, leads to hunger, noncompliance, and poor weight-loss outcome 5. Sugar doesn't directly cause problems such as diabetes. This is a strong statement and one that is difficult to evidence as there are so many factors involved. Google Scholar Crossref. Obesity and stress are confirmed modifiable risk factors of Ischemic heart disease.

Although hypercalcemia is typically caused by an underlying condition such as parathyroid disease or cancer, high calcium intake can also cause this condition. Soy milk is a great alternative option. It also causes weight problems like obesity or anorexia. See below. How does obesity increase the risk of hypertension? Effect of dairy calcium or supplementary calcium on postprandial fat metabolism, appetite, and subsequent energy intake. View Metrics.

Foods to Limit or Avoid

International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values a systematic review. They include an increased risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, obesity, and diabetes. High-fiber diets and vitamins, avoiding obesity, and staying active lessen the risk. The author is an expert member of Global Dairy Platform and of the Arla Nutrition Advisory Board, and his department receives research funding from several companies that produce dairy products and calcium supplements. Studies have investigated the associations between calcium intake and body weight.

Does hunger and satiety drive eating anymore? For example, in the diet and lifestyle change study, people who increased their consumption of French tour, potatoes and potato chips, sugary drinks, and refined grains gained more weight over time-an extra 3. The aim riisk this review was to present the data from human studies that link calcium and dairy intake to body weight, describe the existing evidence for an effect of calcium intake on body weight from animal models of obesity, present evidence of a role for intracellular calcium in the regulation of lipogenesis and lipolysis, elucidate the potential suggested relation between dietary calcium intake and intracellular calcium concentrations, and outline the effects of calcium supplementation on dietary fat absorption. Inverse associations between calcium or dairy intake and adiposity have also been reported in children 78Canadian women 27and lactose-tolerant and lactose-intolerant African American women Regular consumption from fast food establishments relative to other restaurants is differentially associated with metabolic outcomes in young adults. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • Obesity and the Mediterranean diet: a systematic review of observational and intervention studies. The observed effect is probably an underestimation of the true effect of calcium, because of the lack of adherence to the supplement protocol over such a long time, but the study does not suggest that calcium supplementation plays a major role as a tool for the prevention of weight gain.

  • Glucosamine: Anti-inflammatory and Cardioprotectant? Regulation of adiposity by dietary calcium.

  • Select Format Select format.

However, the role of calcium in body weight changes is becoming more obvious dite greater numbers of studies are published, and these studies all tend to show beneficial weight loss effects for calcium. Physiol Rev ; 81 : — Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of postmenopausal weight gain. Glucosamine: Anti-inflammatory and Cardioprotectant? Abdominal deposits beer belly are the highest risk, and seem to be hereditary. Br J Nutr ; 95 : — 8. Obesity can increase the risk of arthritis due to increased stress on joints.

High-fiber diets and vitamins, avoiding obesity, and staying active lessen the risk. Calcium: taste, intake, and appetite. They include an increased risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, obesity, and diabetes. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of postmenopausal weight gain. The author is an expert member of Global Dairy Platform and of the Arla Nutrition Advisory Board, and his department receives research funding from several companies that produce dairy products and calcium supplements. Why are fats bad?

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Taking this evidence together with that from studies by Boon et al 3 and others seems to provide sufficient evidence to refute the hypothesis that dietary calcium plays an important role in human energy balance through calcium-controlled pathways in adipose tissue. Reprints and Permissions. Book Google Scholar.

  • Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis.

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  • Well-planned vegetarian diets can reduce the risk of all of the following chronic diseases? However, any degree of obesity puts a person at high risk, regardless of where the weight is deposited.

  • Whole-body energy expenditure and fat oxidation were measured by indirect calorimetry, subcutaneous adipose tissue lipolysis was assessed by microdialysis, and gene expression studies were conducted on adipose tissue that underwent biopsy.

  • Denke et al 18 studied the effect of dietary calcium on fecal fatty acid excretion and serum lipids in a randomized, single-blind, metabolic study of 13 men with moderate hypercholesterolemia.

International irsk of glycemic index and glycemic load values a systematic review. Modification of total body fat in spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar-Kyoto rats by dietary calcium and sodium. Reprinted with permission from reference J Clin Endocrinol Metab. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Google Scholar Crossref. Associations between dairy consumption and body weight: a review of the evidence and underlying mechanisms.

Food portion patterns and trends among U. Riedt et al. The dosage used in calcium-supplemented programs was diverse. Am J Physiol ; : E — 6. We conducted an open-label, randomized, parallel-group controlled trial from April to December,

INTRODUCTION

The prevalence of obesity in the United States has been steadily rising since loow s 1. Further although all authors report the targeted kcals of energy restriction, it is not clear from the details provided by some, whether this was actually achieved on each arm of the trial. Regardless of the actual mechanism involved, most of the available cross-sectional, longitudinal, observational, and small controlled trials in humans and the available animal studies support the conclusion that dietary calcium may play a role in body weight regulation and lend credence to the hypothesis that increasing dietary calcium or dairy intake may diminish future weight gain.

What scramble words can you make with these letters a i t o r? Well-planned vegetarian diets can reduce the risk of all of the following chronic diseases? Regulation of adiposity by dietary calcium. Opting for dairy replacements instead of cow's milk, cheese, yogurt and cottage cheese may help reduce calcium levels in your bloodstream. Select Format Select format. How does obesity increase the risk of hypertension? The typical Western diet is deficient in calcium, as it is of many minerals, and this has a number of physiological effects.

This mineral is also found in fish such as tuna, mackerel and herring. Low calcium intake could dooes be predicted to upset the delicate calcium homeostasis of the body and cause dysfunctions in physiological systems unrelated to bone. What type of fat deposition increase risk for cardiovascular disease? Can obesity cause breast cancer? In this issue of the Journal, Bortolotti et al 2 examine the relevance of this concept to human physiology. In some cases, hypercalcemia may lead to coma.

Toxic Food Environment

People who are obese are at higher risk because fat can store hormones such as estrogen that play a dier in breast cancer and toxins that may be linked to cancer. Br J Nutr ; 95 : — 8. Was Frankie the reason Zola Taylor lost her house and how did she lose it? About Robert Barrington Robert Barrington is a writer, nutritionist, lecturer and philosopher.

Barr S Weight Wt change versus the average ratio of dietary calcium to protein intake in 2 longitudinal observational studies in middle-aged women. Am J Physiol ; : E — 6. The dietitian made a detailed list of each dish of food in advance. DC provided technical support throughout the program and had primary responsibility for final content. Overall there is good evidence for an inverse relationship between vitamin D and obesity; however, evidence for causality from RCTs is meagre.

Mechanisms of dairy modulation of adiposity. There are relatively few RCTs that have been primarily designed to uncover the potential of calcium or vitamin D alone, or in combination, to influence body fatness and its distribution during weight loss. There are very limited RCTs data on vitamin D alone to enable any conclusion, however, cross-sectional studies consistently link low vitamin D to greater obesity. J Clin Invest ; 82 : —

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Close ovesity search navigation Article Navigation. Advance article alerts. Opting for dairy replacements instead of cow's milk, cheese, yogurt and cottage cheese may help reduce calcium levels in your bloodstream. Observational studies almost invariably show an inverse association between the intake of dietary calcium and body fatness, which suggests that calcium influences energy balance favorably in the growing groups of people with weight problems.

Furthermore, we still need a better mechanistic approach to elucidate both the way or ways in which dairy calcium increases fecal fat excretion and its quantitative importance for weight control. Zhu, W. Calcium plus vitamin D 3 supplementation facilitated Fat loss in overweight and obese college students with very-low calcium consumption: a randomized controlled trial. PubMed Google Scholar. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95— Latest Most Read Most Cited Mortality and overall and specific infection complication rates in patients who receive parenteral nutrition: systematic review and meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis. Calcium plus vitamin D 3 supplementation for 12 weeks augmented body fat and visceral fat loss in very-low calcium consumers during energy restriction.

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Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. In a recent study, supplementation with vitamin D led to significant improvement in insulin resistance over 6 months, but there was no effect on body weight von Hurst et al. Dairy calcium is related to changes in body composition during a two-year exercise intervention in young women. Search ADS. Table 2 Randomized controlled trials on the influence of vitamin D on measures of body fatness Full size table. Two recent experimental studies have reached opposite conclusions about the effects of calcium supplementation on weight loss during energy-restricted diets.

Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adults: United States— Trends Biochem Sci ; 23 : 10 — 4. The aim of this review was to obesiry the data from human studies that link calcium and dairy intake to body weight, describe the existing evidence for an effect of calcium intake on body weight from animal models of obesity, present evidence of a role for intracellular calcium in the regulation of lipogenesis and lipolysis, elucidate the potential suggested relation between dietary calcium intake and intracellular calcium concentrations, and outline the effects of calcium supplementation on dietary fat absorption. To date, there have been no large trials designed primarily to examine the effects of dietary calcium supplements on body weight change.

Health Risks

They also pointed out theoretical shortcomings of the hypothesis of Zemel et al, such as the negligible role of de novo lipogenesis in fat gain in humans 2. Hepcidin-regulating iron metabolism genes and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: a pathway analysis of genome-wide association studies. A large amount of data showing weight loss with calcium and dairy supplements supports this contention. See below. Observational studies almost invariably show an inverse association between the intake of dietary calcium and body fatness, which suggests that calcium influences energy balance favorably in the growing groups of people with weight problems.

The traditional Mediterranean-style diet is higher in fat about 40 percent of calories than the typical American diet 34 percent of calories 54but most of the fat comes from obdsity oil and other plant sources. All the assessments were obtained using standard protocols. Dietary Fat and Weight Low-fat diets have long been touted as the key to a healthy weight and to good health. RCTs It was therefore important to examine whether vitamin D supplementation during weight loss improved weight and fat change. Association of consumption of fried food away from home with body mass index and diet quality in older children and adolescents.

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Name two risk factors for arthritis? Answer: The effects of vegetarian diets are likely to be due obedity only the exclusion of meat which may increase the risk of bowel cancer, and perhaps cancers of the pancreas, prostate, kidney, and breastbut also to lower incidence of obesity. However, of the randomized controlled trials considered in the systematic review, only one study was specifically designed and powered to examine whether calcium supplementation led to a change in body weight 5. Write your answer Volume Two risk factors for arthritis are obesity and age. Search Menu.

Effect of dairy calcium or supplementary calcium on postprandial fat metabolism, appetite, and subsequent energy intake. What scramble words can incresse make with these letters a i t o r? A number of randomized trials of calcium supplementation, either from supplements or from dairy products, have been reported, but those studies did not produce a clear outcome. Talk to your physician before reducing your calcium intake to address the condition. Find more answers. Advanced Search.

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Related Questions. The supplement produced a small 0. Risk of heart diseaseDamage to jointsRisk of diabetes. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.

Interactions of single nucleotide polymorphisms with dietary calcium intake on the risk of metabolic syndrome. Am J Clin Nutr ; 73 : — riisk Tordoff MG By contrast, another randomized, controlled study that examined both weight and bone mineral changes in obese women during energy restriction energy intake up to 6. J Clin Pharmacol ; 34 : — 5. Weight gain in transgenic mice expressing the agouti gene, specifically in adipocytes, who were fed diets with different calcium contents. MJS planned the review, screened the evidence for inclusion, and wrote the manuscript.

Calcium supplementation of chocolate: effect on cocoa butter digestibility and blood lipids in humans. Chronic lowering of PTH would then allow the sympathetic nervous system to normally stimulate thermogenesis and lipolysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Effects of calcium-fortified breakfast cereal on adiposity in a transgenic mouse model of obesity.

Sign In. A aa diet may help you manage hypercalcemia. A number of randomized trials of calcium supplementation, either from supplements or from dairy products, have been reported, but those studies did not produce a clear outcome. What do obesity and alcohol use have in common that increases breast cancer risk? Email alerts Article activity alert. In conclusion, there is still good evidence for a role of dietary calcium intake in human body-weight regulation, but future studies should concentrate on how calcium-deficient states during weight loss can amplify hunger and impair compliance with a diet aiming at weight control or loss.

Dairy Replacements

Vitamin D status and its relationship to body fat, final height, and peak bone ciet in young women. Impact of peanuts and tree nuts on body weight and healthy weight loss in adults. Int J Obes Lond. Regulation of adiposity and obesity risk by dietary calcium: mechanisms and implications. See corresponding article on page

E-mail: pariks mail. They also had larger waist circumferences and greater increases in triglycercides, and double the odds of developing metabolic syndrome. Role of orlistat in the treatment of obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Vitamin D supplementation reduces insulin resistance in South Asian women living in New Zealand who are insulin resistant and vitamin D deficient—a randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Contributors: WCSP-D and MHG independently conducted the literature searches, assembled the initial tables and contributed to the writing of the manuscript. Anthropometric variables and blood samples were obtained between and a.

Recent developments in calcium-related obesity research. Talk to your physician before reducing your calcium intake to address the condition. Why is it a good idea to use sugar in moderation? Search Menu. How does obesity affect your bones? Skip Nav Destination Article Navigation. See below.

Abdominal deposits beer belly are the highest risk, and seem to be hereditary. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in doew, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. How does obesity increase the risk of hypertension? Risk of heart diseaseDamage to jointsRisk of diabetes. The typical Western diet is deficient in calcium, as it is of many minerals, and this has a number of physiological effects. They proposed that dietary calcium, via its influence on plasma 1,dihydroxyvitamin D 3 calcitriol concentrations, regulates the concentrations of intracellular adipocyte calcium and by this means regulates fat metabolism in the adipocytes.

Am J Clin Nutr ; 88 : — However, they would be offset by gastrointestinal tract maay of calcium that promote energy loss through increased fat excretion Figure 1. There is still some conjecture on whether calcium and vitamin D, alone or in combination, accelerate the effects of energy restriction on fat loss. Effect on dietary fat absorption of orlistat, administered at different times relative to meal intake.

Still have questions? Taking this evidence together with that from studies by Boon et al 3 and others seems to provide sufficient evidence to refute the hypothesis that dietary calcium plays an important role in human energy balance through calcium-controlled pathways in adipose tissue. The typical Western diet is deficient in calcium, as it is of many minerals, and this has a number of physiological effects. Obes Rev Feb 15 Epub ahead of print. Spices For Cardioprotection Wine: Cardioprotective.

A low-calcium diet may help you manage hypercalcemia. Does a vegetarian diet reduce the risk of cancer? See corresponding article on page About Robert Barrington Robert Barrington is a writer, nutritionist, lecturer and philosopher. Foods high in fat, salt and sugar should all be eaten in moderation to reduce the risk of obesity.

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